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Abildgaard, Nicolai Abraham

Jens Peter Munk.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; Art Education; 18th-Century Art; 19th-Century Art. 2303 words.

(b Copenhagen, Sept 11, 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, June 4, 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect. His paintings reveal both Neo-classical and Romantic interests...

Abrahams, Ivor (1935–2015), painter, printmaker, and art teacher

James Huntington-Whiteley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2019 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Drawing and Pastels; Painting; Prints and Printmaking; Art Education. 1281 words.

Abrahams, Ivor (1935–2015), painter, printmaker, and art teacher, was born on 10 January 1935 at 10 Swinley Road, Wigan, Lancashire, the only son and elder child of Hyman (Harry) Abrahams,...

Abramsky, Chimen (1916–2010), bookseller and historian

Steven J. Zipperstein.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online April 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education; Education; History. 1596 words.

Abramsky, Chimen (1916–2010), bookseller and historian, was born on 16 September 1916 in Smalyavichy, near Minsk, Russia, the third of four sons of Yehezkel Abramsky (1886–1976), rabbinic...

Academy

Humphrey Wine.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education. 7000 words.

Association or school of artists organized as a professional institution with a view to providing training, theoretical debate and exhibiting opportunities, and to mediate between its...

Accademia di S Luca

Olivier Michel.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education. 1914 words.

(Rome)

Olivier Michel

Professional Italian institution established in 1577 to replace the old artists’ guild in Rome, the Università dei...

Ackerman, Phyllis

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online July 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Art Education; History of Art; Art of the United States; 19th-Century Art; Islamic Art; 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 369 words.

(b. Oakland, CA, 1893; d. Shiraz, Iran, 25 Jan. 1977).

American historian of Iranian art. While studying mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, Ackerman met and...

Adnan, Etel

Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online July 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Painting; Textiles and Embroidery; Art Education; Art of the United States; Islamic Art; 20th-Century Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa; Contemporary Art. 184 words.

(b. Beirut, 1925).

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in...

Aglionby, William (1641–1705), diplomat and writer on art

Henry Summerson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 1306 words.

Aglionby, William (1641–1705), diplomat and writer on art, was born in the summer of 1641, the second son of George Aglionby (d. 1643), who died shortly after being appointed dean of...

Aigner, Chrystian Piotr

Andrzej Rottermund.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Art Education; History of Art; 18th-Century Art; 19th-Century Art. 559 words.

(b Puławy, June 1756; d Florence, Feb 8, 1841).

Polish architect and writer, also active in Italy. He probably studied in Rome in the late 1770s and returned to Italy in 1785–6...

Albers, Josef

Brenda Danilowitz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Architecture; Art Education; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 1671 words.

Albers, Josef (19 March 1888–25 March 1976), painter, designer, and educator, was born in Bottrop, Germany, the son of Lorenz Albers, a house painter and craftsman, and Magdalena...

Aldred, Cyril (1914–1991), Egyptologist and art historian

T. G. H. James.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Art Education. 989 words.

Aldred, Cyril (1914–1991), Egyptologist and art historian, was born on 19 February 1914 at 41 Beltran Road, Fulham, London, the fifth of the six children of Frederick Aldred, a civil...

Alison, Archibald (1757–1839), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and writer on aesthetics

Philip Carter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Art Education. 1510 words.

Alison, Archibald (1757–1839), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and writer on aesthetics, was born in Edinburgh, the son of Archibald Alison (1730–1794), lord provost of the city, originally of...

Alston, Charles

Deborah Cullen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online May 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Public Art, Land Art, and Environmental Art; Sculpture and Carving; Art Education; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 350 words.

(Henry) [Spinky]

(b Charlotte, NC, Nov 29, 1907; d April 27, 1977).

African American painter, sculptor, graphic artist, muralist and educator. In 1913, Charles...

Alternative spaces in America

Virginie Bobin.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online May 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Art Education; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 621 words.

Exhibition space that is not run by an institution or commercial organization is often described as an alternative space. The phenomenon of alternative spaces in the United States is...

American Academy of Fine Arts

Grischka Petri.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online February 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education; History of Art; Art of the United States; 19th-Century Art. 662 words.

American institution and art school promoting fine art that was active between 1802 and 1841 in New York. The Academy was the second art academy established in the USA, following the...

American Federation of Arts

Klaus Ottmann.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online June 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education; Art of the United States; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art; Contemporary Art. 356 words.

American not-for-profit organization founded in 1909 that initiates and organizes art exhibitions and provides educational and professional programs in collaboration with the museum...

Amherst [formerly Tyssen-Amherst], Alicia Margaret [married name Alicia Margaret Cecil, Lady Rockley] (1865–1941), garden historian

Jason Tomes.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Art Education; Architecture. 953 words.

Amherst [formerly Tyssen-Amherst], Alicia Margaret [married name Alicia Margaret Cecil, Lady Rockley] (1865–1941), garden historian, was born on 30 July 1865 at Didlington Hall, Didlington,...

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art

Thomas Seccombe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education; Medicine and Health; Education. 796 words.

Anderson, William (1842–1900), anatomist and writer on art, was born on 18 December 1842 in London at the Eldon Arms, Queen Square, the son of William Henry Anderson, licensed victualler,...

Anivitti, Giulio

Pamela Bell.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online December 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Painting; Art Education; 19th-Century Art; Industrial and Commercial Art. 316 words.

(b Rome,1850; d Rome, July 2, 1881).

Italian painter and art teacher active in Australia. He trained at the Accademia di S Luca, Rome. His conservative style emulates his...

Anshutz, Thomas Pollock

Randall C. Griffin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Art Education; Drawing and Pastels; Painting. 2083 words.

Anshutz, Thomas Pollock (05 October 1851–16 June 1912), artist and art teacher, was born in Newport, Kentucky, the son of Jacob Anshutz and Jane Abigail Pollock. Very little information...