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Prehistoric Art x clear all

Aboriginal Australia

Howard Morphy, Andrée Rosenfeld, Peter Sutton, Ian Keen, Catherine H. Berndt, Ronald M. Berndt, Paul Memmott, Kate Khan, Betty Meehan, Carol Cooper, Luke Taylor, Robert Layton, J. V. S. Megaw, M. Ruth Megaw and Francesca Cavazzini.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial and Commercial Art; Prehistoric Art. 29502 words.

Culture of the original inhabitants of Australia and their descendants. This survey covers the traditional art forms of the Australian Aborigines, such as rock art, sculpture in wood, clay...

Abu Ghurab

Jaromir Malek.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 470 words.

Site of the ancient Egyptian sun temple of King Neuserre (reg c. 2416–c. 2392 bc), on the western bank of the Nile north-west of Abusir, almost opposite the southernmost...

Abu Rawash

E. P. Uphill.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 490 words.

[now Abū Ruwāsh]

Site of necropolis in Egypt, 9 km north of Giza, which flourished c. 2925–c. 2450 bc. Mud-brick mastaba tombs of 1st Dynasty nobles are the earliest buildings...

Abu Simbel

R. G. Morkot.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1359 words.

Site in Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile in Lower Nubia, 280 km south of Aswan. With the construction of the Aswan Dam in the early 1960s, the temple complex was one of a number of...

Abusir

Miroslav Verner.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 813 words.

[Egyp. Per-Usir; Gr. Busiris]

Ancient Egyptian royal necropolis that flourished during the 5th Dynasty (c. 2465–c. 2325 bc). The site is 25 km south-west of the centre of Cairo...

Abydos

John Baines.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1958 words.

[anc. Egyp. Abdjw]

Egyptian site, c. 50 km south of Sohag, and necropolis of the ancient city of This (perhaps modern Girga), which was briefly the capital of the newly united...

Acemhöyük

Nimet Özgüç.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1362 words.

Site in central Turkey that flourished in the first half of the 2nd millennium bc, in a fertile plain watered by the River Karasu. The oval mound of Acemhöyük, measuring 700×600 m, and...

Addaura

David Trump.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art. 322 words.

Cave site in the northern slope of Monte Pellegrino 8 km north of Palermo on the north coast of Sicily. It contains a number of prehistoric figures engraved in the surface of a smooth...

Adena Mound

David S. Brose.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Art of the United States; Native American Art; Prehistoric Art. 375 words.

Prehistoric site in North America. It is the largest of several mounds along the Scioto River north of Chillicothe, OH. Although it is the eponym of the Early Woodland-period Adena...

Agua Blanca

Colin McEwan.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Latin American and Caribbean Art; Pre-Columbian Art; Prehistoric Art. 581 words.

[anc. Salangome]

Pre-Columbian site in Manabí Province, Ecuador, 8 km inland in the Buenavista River Valley. It was a principal town, controlled by a lord, of the powerful...

Ahhotpe

J. H. Taylor.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 522 words.

(d c. 1550–1530 bc). Egyptian queen and patron. Perhaps the wife of King Kamose, she should be distinguished from the later Ahhotpe, mother of King Ahmose (reg null...

Ai

Joseph A. Callaway.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 801 words.

[‛Ay; now Khirbet al-Tall; et-Tell, Arab.: ‘The Ruin’]

Site of a walled Early Bronze Age city of 11.1 ha, 24 km north of Jerusalem. It was built c. 3100 bc by outsiders from...

Ain Ghazal

Kathryn Walker Tubb.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1199 words.

[Arab. ‛Ayn Ghazāl]

Neolithic site in Marka, north-eastern Amman, Jordan. Excavations have yielded impressive lime-plaster statues and clay figurines dating to the Pre-pottery...

Ajjul, Tell el-

Ora Negbi.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 492 words.

[Tell el-‛Ajjul; anc. Sharuḥen]

Site of a Bronze Age city in Israel that flourished in the 2nd millennium bc. It consists in a large mound 6 km south-west of Gaza, which was...

Akhenaten

R. Krauss.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 748 words.

[Amenophis IV, Neferkheperurewaenre]

(reg c. 1353–c. 1336 bc).

King of Egypt in the late 18th Dynasty, son of Amenophis III and husband of Nefertiti. His...

Akhmim

Janice W. Yellin.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 461 words.

[anc. Egyp. Khent-Min; Gr. Chemmis; Lat. Panopolis]

Site of the capital of the 9th Upper Egyptian nome, 200 km north of Luxor, which flourished from Early Dynastic times to the...

Akkadian

Pierre Amiet.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2383 words.

Name given to the people responsible for the first Mesopotamian empire, established in the later 3rd millennium bc. The period is noted for a high degree of artistic and technical...

Alaca Höyük

Donald F. Easton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 2509 words.

[Alaca Hüyük; Alaja Hüyük]

Site in north-central Turkey, c. 40 km south-west of Çorum and 160 km east of Ankara. It was occupied in the Bronze Age (from c. 3400 bc) and later....

Alişar Hüyük

Donald F. Easton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 802 words.

[Alishar]

Site in north-central Turkey, c. 45 km south-east of Yozgat, once occupied by a town of considerable importance in the development of Anatolia, ancient. It flourished...

Altamira

Paul G. Bahn.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art. 1127 words.

Cave site near the coast of northern Spain, 2 km south of Santillana del Mar, Santander. It is important for its cave art of the Late Upper Palaeolithic period (c. 20,000–c. 10,000 bp; s...