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Greek and Roman Papyrology x clear all

Abbreviations and Symbols

Nikolaos Gonis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 3100 words.

The first part of this article deals with abbreviations found in Greek documentary papyri and ostraca. The documents in which abbreviation is rife are predominantly those produced on a...

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The Ancient Book

William A. Johnson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 11734 words.

From the beginnings of Greek written literature until deep into the Roman era, a “book” was fashioned by taking a premanufactured papyrus roll, writing out the text, attaching additional...

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Arabic Papyri and Islamic Egypt

Petra M. Sijpesteijn.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 9349 words.

The Arabs enjoyed a long-standing acquaintance with papyrus and its benefits. Papyrus and other traditional media, such as ostraca, leather, parchment, textiles, stone, and bone, were...

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Archives and Dossiers

Katelijn Vandorpe.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 14394 words.

Documentary papyri describe ancient people. Where unrelated texts are like instant snapshots, archives present a coherent film of a person, a family, or a community and may span several...

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Communicating with Tablets and Papyri

Andrea Jördens.

in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World

February 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 10959 words.

This article takes a look at the wide range of daily written correspondence that survived from Roman antiquity. Tablets, letters, and papyri serve as excellent source materials from the...

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Conservation of Ancient Papyrus Materials

Jaakko Frösén.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 7303 words.

Papyrus conservation has had a long history since the first attempts to open the carbonized Herculaneum rolls found in 1752 and to unroll the Charta Borgiana, acquired in 1778. New...

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Editing A Papyrus

Paul Schubert.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 8351 words.

The process of editing a papyrus is undeniably a central aspect in the field of papyrology. This article notes that the task of a scholar who undertakes the edition of a papyrus resembles...

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Education in the Papyri

Raffaella Cribiqre.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 8627 words.

This article focuses on Greek education during the roughly ten centuries between the conquest of Egypt by Alexander of Macedon and the Arab conquest. Egypt has offered a large quantity of...

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Egyptian Religion and Magic in the Papyri

Willy Clarysse.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Egyptology; Religion in the Ancient World. 10359 words.

The first section of this article discusses traditional religion, looking at the Ancient Egyptian worldview, mummification and afterlife, and the role of the temples in economy and...

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The Finds of Papyri: The Archaeology of Papyrology

Hélène Cuvigny.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 11224 words.

From the first Fayyum find until the First World War, the period of miraculous discoveries lasted barely forty years. In the present era of slavery to the mass media, A. S. Hunt was right...

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The Future of Papyrology

Peter van Minnen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 8243 words.

This article looks at the future of papyrology. It draws heavily on two position papers Peter van Minen gave at international papyrological congresses: in Copenhagen in 1992 and in Vienna...

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Geography and Administration in Egypt (332 BCE–642 CE)

Maria Rosaria Falivene.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Egyptology. 9369 words.

This article outlines the administrative geography of Egypt under the Graeco-Macedonian regime and as it evolved over the next millennium. This information comes from papyri and...

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The Greek and Latin Languages in the Papyri

Eleanor Dickey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 9929 words.

For the first thousand years after the end of the classical period, documentary papyri constitute the most important source of information on the development of the Greek language....

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Greek and Latin Writing in the Papyri

Guglielmo Cavallo.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 11622 words.

This article briefly sets forth some methodological considerations in the history of Greek and Latin writing in the papyri. The writing exercises attested in papyri, ostraca, and tablets...

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The History of the Discipline

James G. Keenan.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 9524 words.

This article suggests that a strong case can be made for dating the beginning of papyrology to 1752, the year in which papyri were first discovered at Herculaneum. Nevertheless, perhaps...

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Juristic Papyrology and Roman Law

José Luis Alonso Rodríguez.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society

October 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Greek and Roman Law; Greek and Roman Papyrology. 7582 words.

This chapter deals with the place of papyrology in Roman law studies. While Theodor Mommsen is often quoted as predicting that the twentieth century would be the century of papyrology,...

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Law in Graeco-Roman Egypt: Hellenization, Fusion, Romanization

Uri Yiftach-Firanko.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Law; Greek and Roman Papyrology. 9539 words.

The Ptolemaic kings of Egypt ruled a variety of ethnic groups that were diverse in language, culture, religion, and legal practices. The main themes were tolerance and even the protection...

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Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Papyri

Cornelia Römer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Religion in the Ancient World; Classical Philosophy; Greek and Roman Papyrology. 8324 words.

The church fathers were appalled in particular by the Gnostics' condemnation of creation. But the fact that much of their teaching was in many respects not so far from Christian dogma must...

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Mathematics, Science, and Medicine in the Papyri

Alexander Jones.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 9442 words.

The sciences that are significantly attested among the papyri are mathematics, medicine, astronomy, and astrology. Medicine and astrology were professions with numerous practitioners who...

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The Multilingual Environment of Late Antique Egypt: Greek, Latin, Coptic, and Persian Documentation

Jean-Luc Fournet.

in The Oxford Handbook of Papyrology

December 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Greek and Roman Papyrology; Historical Archaeology. 11760 words.

This article considers three languages—Coptic, Latin, and Pehlevi—all of which were widely spoken and written in Egypt in the fourth to seventh centuries, analyzing their use and...

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