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Abraham

Kenny A. Franks.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History. 746 words.

Abraham (fl. 1826–1845), "Prophet", also known as “Prophet,” was a runaway slave who became a prominent leader among the Seminoles. Nothing is known about his parents or childhood. Fleeing...

Allerton, Isaac

Francis J. Bremer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History. 865 words.

Allerton, Isaac (1586– February 1659), merchant in the early years of the Plymouth colony, . Little is known of Allerton’s early life, and nothing is known regarding his education and...

Andean Community

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Financial Institutions and Services.

(CAN)

An association of South American nations set up in 1969 to enhance economic cooperation. The original members were Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela;...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ashley, William Henry

David J. Wishart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1130 words.

Ashley, William Henry (1778–26 March 1838), fur trader and politician, was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia. His parents are unknown, and there is no definitive record of his early...

asiento

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Economic History.

(Spanish: contract) was the concession made by Spain to Britain at Utrecht in 1713 of the right to supply negro slaves to the Spanish empire. Intended to last for 30 years, the trade was...

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Baker, James

Douglas D. Martin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; World History; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 902 words.

Baker, James (19 December 1818–15 May 1898), trapper, army scout, and early settler of Colorado and Wyoming, was born in Belleville, Illinois, and grew up near Springfield. His parents were...

Barlow, Roger (d. 1553)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Maps and Map-making; History of the Americas. 4 words.

See Barlow [Finch], William

Battel, Andrew (b. 1560s?, d. in or after 1613), traveller and trader

Alfred Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 663 words.

Battel, Andrew (b. 1560s?, d. in or after 1613), traveller and trader, was probably born in Leigh, Essex; his parents are unknown. According to Samuel Purchas, a former neighbour in Essex,...

Bent, Charles

Joe A. Stout.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 749 words.

Bent, Charles (11 November 1799–19 January 1847), frontiersman, fur trapper, and Santa Fe trader, was born in Charleston, Virginia (now W.V.), the son of Silas Bent, Jr., a surveyor and...

Binney, Sir (Frederick) George (1900–1972), explorer and blockade runner

Peter Tennant.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Maps and Map-making. 956 words.

Binney, Sir (Frederick) George (1900–1972), explorer and blockade runner, was born on 23 September 1900 at Great Bookham, Surrey, the second of two sons of Maximilian Frederick Breffit...

Bishop, Charles Reed

Rhoda E. A. Hackler.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Australasian and Pacific History; World History; Banking. 1182 words.

Bishop, Charles Reed (25 January 1822–07 June 1915), banker, cabinet minister, and philanthropist, was born near Glens Falls, New York, the son of Samuel Bishop, a toll collector on the...

Blome, Richard (bap. 1635?, d. 1705), cartographer and bookseller

S. Mendyk.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Cartography; World History; Publishing. 868 words.

Blome, Richard (bap. 1635?, d. 1705), cartographer and bookseller, may have been the son of Jacob Blome and his wife, Mary, baptized at St Ann Blackfriars, London, on 10 July 1635,...

Bond, Martin (1558?–1643), merchant

Andrew Thrush.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 710 words.

Bond, Martin (1558?–1643), merchant, was the third or fourth son of William Bond (d. 1576), an alderman of London and merchant adventurer, who was sheriff in 1567. It is unclear whether he...

Bond, William (d. 1576)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday. 3 words.

See Bond, Martin

Booth, Sir Felix, first baronet (1775–1850), distiller and promoter of Arctic exploration

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Maps and Map-making. 539 words.

Booth, Sir Felix, first baronet (1775–1850), distiller and promoter of Arctic exploration, was the youngest son of Philip Booth, a distiller of 55 Turnmill Street, Clerkenwell, London, and...

Bowie, Jim

Archie P. McDonald.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Warfare and Defence; Banking; World History. 1176 words.

Bowie, Jim (1795– March 1836), popularizer of the bowie knife, speculator, and co-commander of Texan forces at the Alamo, was the son of Rezin Bowie and Elvy Jones; his formal given name...

Brandt Report

Overview page. Subjects: World History — Economics.

The report of an Independent Commission on International Development Issues, chaired by Willy Brandt, former German Chancellor. The report, on steps to promote North–South cooperation, was...

See overview in Oxford Index

Bridger, James

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Warfare and Defence; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Native American History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 1076 words.

Bridger, James (17 March 1804–17 July 1881), fur trapper and trader, explorer, and scout, was born in a tavern near Richmond, Virginia, the son of James Bridger, a surveyor and innkeeper,...

Burnham, Frederick Russell

Samuel Willard Crompton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Maps and Map-making; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 1133 words.

Burnham, Frederick Russell (11 May 1861–01 September 1947), explorer, scout, and miner, was born in Tivoli, Minnesota, the son of Reverend Otway Burnham, a Congregational minister and...

Butterfield, John

Stephen Salsbury.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Banking; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History. 809 words.

Butterfield, John (18 November 1801–14 November 1869), western pioneer, express company operator, and investor, was born in Berne, near Albany, New York, the son of Daniel Butterfield (his...