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Aachen

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 127 words.

German city situated close to the Dutch and Belgian borders, the scene of the first major battle fought by Eisenhower

AB AKTION

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 47 words.

Nazi codename for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and other leaders which took place during and after the Polish campaign

AB AKTION

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Nazi codename for the liquidation of Polish intellectuals and other leaders which took place during and after the Polish campaign. It has been estimated that about 3,500 were killed from...

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ABC-1 Plan

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 135 words.

the outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan,

ABC-1 Plan

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

The outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as...

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ABDA Command

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January), was established on 15 January 1942 to reconcile...

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ABDA Command

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 209 words.

first attempt at a combined Allied command, which was agreed at the first Washington conference in December 1941 (see

Abwehr

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 1877 words.

(‘defence’), German military intelligence and counter-intelligence organization formed after the First World War. Although the Versailles settlement of 1919

Abwehr

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),

the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the...

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Abyssinia

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 171 words.

(Ethiopia), an ancient East African kingdom of some ten million people ruled by an emperor, Haile Selassie. In October

Abyssinia

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Second World War.

Christian-ruled empire in the Horn of Africa and Upper Nile, whose orthodox church depended upon the patriarchate of Alexandria. Muslim expansion during the 7th and 8th centuries disrupted...

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ack-ack

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 14 words.

was an Allied term for anti-aircraft fire or guns. For anti-aircraft guns,see artillery.

acoustic weapons

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 9 words.

Act of Chapultepec

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War — World History.

(1945)

An Inter-American conference, held in Mexico City. The Act of Chapultepec (1945), adopted by 20 republics, resolved to undertake joint action in repelling any aggression...

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Aden

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 73 words.

was a British protectorate and port in the Arabian peninsula. The protectorate which covered 112,000 sq. mi. stretched from the port to

Adlertag

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 90 words.

was the 13 August 1940, the day Göring started operation ADLERANGRIFF (Eagle Attack), a two-week assault on RAF Fighter

Adlertag

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Was the 13 August 1940, the day Göring started operation ADLERANGRIFF (Eagle Attack), a two-week assault on RAF Fighter Command's aircraft, airfields, and installations as a preliminary to...

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Admin Box battle

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 319 words.

fought in February 1944, the first major British success against the Japanese during the Burma campaign.

On 4

Admin Box battle

Overview page. Subjects: Second World War.

Fought in February 1944, the first major British success against the Japanese during the Burma campaign.

On 4 February 1944 the 55th Japanese Division, commanded by Lt-General...

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Admiral Graf Spee

M. R. D. Foot.

in The Oxford Companion to World War II

January 2001; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Second World War. 6 words.