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Federal Indian Law

N. Bruce Duthu.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online December 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Legal and Constitutional History; Political History; Native American History. 7925 words.

United States law recognizes American Indian tribes as distinct political bodies with powers of self-government. Their status as sovereign entities predates the formation of the United...

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Federalism

Alison L. LaCroix.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Early 19th Century US History; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History. 9210 words.

Federalism refers to the constitutional and political structure of the United States of America, according to which political power is divided among multiple levels of...

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Freedom of the Press

Sam Lebovic.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History. 10483 words.

According to the First Amendment of the US Constitution, Congress is barred from abridging the freedom of the press (“Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of...

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Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy

Sarah B. Snyder.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online May 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Diplomatic History; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History. 6375 words.

In its formulation of foreign policy, the United States takes account of many priorities and factors, including national security concerns, economic interests, and alliance relationships....

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Juvenile Justice in the United States

David S. Tanenhaus.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Legal and Constitutional History; Political History; Urban History. 6796 words.

Juvenile justice is a technical term that refers to the specific area of law and affiliated institutions, most notably the juvenile court, with jurisdiction over the cases of minors who are...

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Lobbying and Business Associations

Benjamin C. Waterhouse.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online February 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; US History 1900 - 1945; US History since 1945; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History; Economic History. 8121 words.

Political lobbying has always played a key role in American governance, but the concept of paid influence peddling has been marked by a persistent tension throughout the country’s history....

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Politics of Reproductive Rights in 20th-Century America

Rickie Solinger.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Legal and Constitutional History; Political History; American Women's History. 14174 words.

The reproductive experiences of women and girls in the 20th-century United States followed historical patterns shaped by the politics of race and class. Laws and policies governing...

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The Separation of Church and State in the United States

Steven K. Green.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online December 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Legal and Constitutional History; Political History; US Cultural History; US Colonial and Revolutionary History. 7125 words.

Separation of church and state has long been viewed as a cornerstone of American democracy. At the same time, the concept has remained highly controversial in the popular culture and law....

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The Sit-In Movement

Christopher W. Schmidt.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History. 12523 words.

One of the most significant protest campaigns of the civil rights era, the lunch counter sit-in movement began on February 1, 1960 when four young African American men sat down at the...

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Struggles over Individual Rights and State Power in the Progressive Era

Michael Willrich.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History. 11850 words.

From the 1890s to World War I, progressive reformers in the United States called upon their local, state, and federal governments to revitalize American democracy and address the most...

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US Foreign Relations and International Law

Brian Cuddy.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Diplomatic History; Legal and Constitutional History; Political History. 9283 words.

International law is the set of rules, formally agreed by treaty or understood as customary, by which nation-states interact with each other in a form of international society. Across the...

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The Woman Suffrage Movement in the United States

Rebecca J. Mead.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Legal and Constitutional History; Political History; US Cultural History; American Women's History. 11570 words.

Woman suffragists in the United States engaged in a sustained, difficult, and multigenerational struggle: seventy-two years elapsed between the Seneca Falls convention (1848) and the...

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