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Phonetics and Phonology x clear all

Abstract Underlying Representations in Prosodic Structure

Bert Vaux and Bridget D. Samuels.

in Shaping Phonology

August 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 12279 words.

One of the central ways in which the long-standing debate between rationalists and empiricists surfaces in linguistics involves the putative existence of abstract phonological...

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Accent

Laurence Labrune.

in The Phonology of Japanese

February 2012; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 32254 words.

Tôkyô Japanese has been described as a pitch accent system which contains tonic and atonic words,and has been extensively described and analysed both in and outside Japan. After presenting...

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Accent in Japanese Phonology

Haruo Kubozono.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Language Families; Phonetics and Phonology. 8706 words.

The word accent system of Tokyo Japanese might look quite complex with a number of accent patterns and rules. However, recent research has shown that it is not as complex as has been...

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Acceptability Judgments

James Myers.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Phonetics and Phonology; Language Acquisition. 15067 words.

Acceptability judgments are reports of a speaker’s or signer’s subjective sense of the well-formedness, nativeness, or naturalness of (novel) linguistic forms. Their value comes in...

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Acoustic realization of vowels as a function of syllabic position

Cédric Gendrot, Martine Adda-Decker and Fabián Santiago.

in Romance Phonetics and Phonology

November 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 5242 words.

Corpora of prepared speech were compared between two Romance languages: French and Spanish. Results of this comparison show that owing to its presence of lexical stress—itself involving...

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Acquisition of Comparatives and Degree Constructions

Kristen Syrett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Linguistics

July 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Language Acquisition; Phonetics and Phonology. 15983 words.

This chapter looks at the acquisition of comparatives from formal, theoretical, and cross-linguistic perspectives. It begins by reviewing children’s aberrations from adults in the form of...

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The acquisition of long consonants in Norwegian

Elinor Payne, Brechtje Post, Nina Gram Garmann and Hanne Gram Simonsen.

in The Phonetics and Phonology of Geminate Consonants

April 2017; p ublished online June 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Linguistics. 13595 words.

This study investigated the nature and acquisition of long consonants in Norwegian. By age 2;6 children already differentiate between [V:C] vs [VC:] structures in their own productions and,...

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Adjusting to the syllable margins

Jesús Jiménez, Maria-Rosa Lloret and Clàudia Pons-Moll.

in Romance Phonetics and Phonology

November 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 8926 words.

This chapter brings together data from several varieties of Catalan and Spanish with the purpose of investigating the behavior of glides (i.e., /j/ and /w/) in onsets and codas, and the way...

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All Speech is Expression-Based

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton.

in Expression in Speech

October 2003; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 8854 words.

This chapter discusses neutral speech and expressive speech. A model is presented which proposes that all speech is expressive, and that speaking occurs within an expression wrapper....

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Allomorphy, morphophonemics, and phonological levels

Kristján Árnason.

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

August 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 13821 words.

The chapter starts by giving an overview of lexical and postlexical effects in some Icelandic paradigms. Vocalic patterns due to historical ablaut and umlaut are shown to be prominent in...

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Amphichronic Explanation and the Life Cycle of Phonological Processes

Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero.

in The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology

P ublished online December 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 12341 words.

In amphichronic phonology, synchronic and diachronic explanation feed each other. The architecture of grammar predicts the possible modes of implementation of phonological change (including...

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The analysis of Northern Romance vowel length

Michele Loporcaro.

in Vowel Length From Latin to Romance

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 9512 words.

Chapter 4 considers the different accounts of the rise of contrastive vowel length in Northern Romance which have been put forward both in the dialectological literature and in studies in...

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Analyzing the ONZE data as evidence for sound change

Jennifer Hay.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

November 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 1164 words.

Launched in 1989, when Elizabeth Gordon became aware of the existence of a set of recordings of early New Zealand English, the Origins of New Zealand English Project (ONZE) provides a...

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The anatomical and physiological basis of human speech production: adaptations and exaptations

Ann MacLarnon.

in The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution

November 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology; Cognitive Linguistics. 4823 words.

This article provides details on human speech production involving a range of physical features, which may have evolved as specific adaptations for this purpose. All mammalian vocalizations...

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ANVIL

Michael Kipp.

in The Oxford Handbook of Corpus Phonology

May 2014; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Phonetics and Phonology. 6311 words.

Empirical research often involves three activities: the systematic annotation of audiovisual media (coding), the management of the resulting data in a corpus, and various forms of...

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Aperture harmony

Harry van der Hulst.

in Asymmetries in Vowel Harmony

August 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 14703 words.

This chapter analyzes a number of vowel harmony systems which have been described or analyzed in terms of aperture (lowering or raising, including complete harmony). This takes us into...

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The Appendix

Bert Vaux and Andrew Wolfe.

in Contemporary Views on Architecture and Representations in Phonology

March 2009; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 15817 words.

This chapter examines abstract properties of phonology, with an emphasis on the behavior and representational status of consonants that do not fit neatly into canonical syllable templates....

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Applications and Implications

David Embick.

in Localism versus Globalism in Morphology and Phonology

July 2010; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology. 13527 words.

This chapter examines the predictions of the C1-LIN theory concerning linear intervention effects and certain kinds of domain effects before presenting some case studies related to the...

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Approaching variation in PFC

Julien Eychenne, Sylvain Navarro, Atanas Tchobanov and Jan-Willem van Leussen.

in Varieties of Spoken French

July 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Sociolinguistics. 3726 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the main tools used within the PFC research programme to perform a wide range of tasks, from annotation to fine-grained measurements. The chapter...

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Approaching variation in PFC

Jacques Durand and Chantal Lyche.

in Varieties of Spoken French

July 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Sociolinguistics. 5442 words.

This chapter shows how the study of large corpora can help renew the description and interpretation of liaison. It starts with an overview of the main questions facing anyone wishing to...

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