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Non-Western Philosophy x clear all

‘Abd Al-Jabbar, Qadi (c.325–415)

Muammer İskenderoğlu.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 1197 words.

‘Abd al-Jabbar b. Ahmad b. Khalil was born in Asadabad, a town in the southwest of Hamadan, probably around 325

‘Abd al-Qadir ibn Abi Salih Jangidost

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 8 words.

‘Abd al-Qahir

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 4 words.

‘Abdu, Muhammad (1849–1905)

Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 397 words.

Muhammad ‘Abdu was born in 1849 in lower Egypt and received a traditional religious education at home, in Tanta and

Abduction and Explanatory Reasoning

Igor Douven.

in Philosophy

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 5056 words.

The term “abduction” originates in the work of the American pragmatist philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce. Roughly, he meant it to indicate the process of searching for hypotheses guided by...

‘Abdul Rauf Singkel

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 5 words.

‘Abdulghani, Ahmad b.

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 6 words.

‘Abdullah Ansari of Herat

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 6 words.

Abenpace

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 4 words.

Abhidharma Philosophy

Jan Westerhoff.

in The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

May 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy. 6183 words.

This article provides an introduction to Abhidharma philosophy. The Abhidharma is a collection of texts intended to deal with what the Buddha taught. It is one of the three collections that...

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Ability

Evan Butts.

in Philosophy

P ublished online October 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 4808 words.

Ability attribution is a common and important feature of both everyday and theoretical discourse. People are given jobs, picked for teams, and so forth on the basis of their possession (or...

Abortion

Michael Tooley.

in Philosophy

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 36782 words.

Questions concerning the moral and appropriate legal status of abortion are among the most important issues in applied ethics, and answering those questions involves addressing some...

Abstract Objects

Mark Balaguer.

in Philosophy

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Philosophy; Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Epistemology; Feminist Philosophy; History of Western Philosophy; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Non-Western Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Law; Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic; Philosophy of Mind; Philosophy of Religion; Philosophy of Science; Social and Political Philosophy. 7681 words.

An abstract object is a non-physical, non-mental object that exists outside of space and time and is wholly unextended. For example, one might think that numbers are abstract objects; e.g.,...

Abu al-Ala

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 4 words.

Abu Bakr, al-Asamm

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 5 words.

Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), The Spiritual Medicine

Peter Adamson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy

December 2016; p ublished online November 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 11042 words.

This chapter offers an overview and analysis of an important ethical work by the early thinker Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī (251/865–313/925). In keeping with his main...

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Abu Bakr b. Bajja

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 7 words.

Abu Hanifa al-Nu‘man, al-Qadi

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 6 words.

Abu Hanifa, Numan b. Sabit (80–150)

Muharrem Kılıç.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 760 words.

Numan b. Sabit b. Zuta b. Mah, known as Imam al-A‘zam (the Greatest Imam), was born in Kufa in 80

Abu Hayyan

Edited by Oliver Leaman.

in The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

January 2006; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Non-Western Philosophy. 4 words.