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Brotherton, Edward Allen, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist

James Donnelly.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1199 words.

Brotherton, Edward Allen, Baron Brotherton (1856–1930), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 1 April 1856 at 2 Tiverton Place, Ardwick Green, Manchester, the eldest of...

Collie, John Norman (1859–1942), organic chemist and mountaineer

F. G. Donnan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Medicinal Chemistry. 872 words.

Collie, John Norman (1859–1942), organic chemist and mountaineer, was born at Ferns Cottage, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, on 10 September 1859, the second son of John Collie, a businessman, and...

Corbett, John (1817–1901), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist

S. E. Fryer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 988 words.

Corbett, John (1817–1901), chemical manufacturer and philanthropist, born at The Delph, Brierley Hill, Staffordshire, on 12 June 1817, was the eldest son in a family of five sons and one...

Finch, George Ingle (1888–1970), chemist and mountaineer

Peter Osborne.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Medicinal Chemistry. 1151 words.

Finch, George Ingle (1888–1970), chemist and mountaineer, was born on 4 August 1888, near Orange, New South Wales, the eldest son of Charles Edward Finch, farmer and land court judge, and...

Fox, Samson (1838–1903), mechanical and chemical engineer, and benefactor

W. B. Owen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Technology of Industrial Chemistry; Mechanical Engineering and Materials; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicinal Chemistry. 797 words.

Fox, Samson (1838–1903), mechanical and chemical engineer, and benefactor, born at Bowling, near Bradford, Yorkshire, on 11 July 1838, was one of three sons of James Fox, a Leeds cloth-mill...

Godfrey, John [formerly John Godfrey Hanckwitz] (d. 1766?)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Medicinal Chemistry. 13 words.

See Godfrey, Ambrose, the elder [known as Ambrose Godfrey Hanckwitz the elder]

Griscom, John

Helen M. Rozwadowski.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Science and Mathematics; Education; Medicinal Chemistry. 880 words.

Griscom, John (27 September 1774–26 February 1852), teacher, chemist, and philanthropist, was born in Hancock’s Bridge, New Jersey, the son of William Griscom, a farmer and saddle and...

henna

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

A preparation obtained from the dried and powdered leaves of Lawsonia alba, L. inermis, or L. spinosa, widely used for dyeing hair and fingernails. The active ingredient is lawsone.

See overview in Oxford Index

Kellas, Alexander Mitchell (1868–1921), chemist and mountaineer

Doug Scott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Medicinal Chemistry. 1007 words.

Kellas, Alexander Mitchell (1868–1921), chemist and mountaineer, was born on 21 June 1868 at 28 Regent Quay, Aberdeen, the son of James Fowler Kellas, secretary to the local marine board,...

Loeb, Morris

Martin D. Saltzman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicinal Chemistry. 1158 words.

Loeb, Morris (23 May 1863–08 October 1912), chemist and philanthropist, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Solomon Loeb, a financier, and Betty Gallenberg. As the son of one of the...

lycopodium

Overview page. Subjects: Chemistry — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

1 any clubmoss of the genus Lycopodium.

2 the spores of various clubmosses, e.g. L. clavatum. They are used as a covering for pills and suppositories, in...

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Mansfield, Charles Blachford (1819–1855), chemist and traveller

W. H. Brock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicinal Chemistry; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1567 words.

Mansfield, Charles Blachford (1819–1855), chemist and traveller, was born on 8 May 1819 at Rowner, near Gosport, Hampshire, the son of John Mansfield, rector at Rowner, and Winifred, eldest...

Morehead, John Motley

Herbert T. Pratt.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Diplomatic History; International Relations; Medicinal Chemistry. 1178 words.

Morehead, John Motley (03 November 1870–07 January 1965), electrochemist, diplomat, and philanthropist, was born in Spray (now Eden), North Carolina, the son of James Turner Morehead, a...

Seybert, Henry

Simon Baatz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Mineralogy and Gems. 709 words.

Seybert, Henry (23 December 1801–03 March 1883), scientist and philanthropist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Adam Seybert, a scientist, apothecary, and politician, and...

Smith, Herchel (1925–2001), chemist and philanthropist

Laurie Hall, Gordon Hughes and John J. Lombard jr.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicinal Chemistry. 1101 words.

Smith, Herchel (1925–2001), chemist and philanthropist, was born on 6 May 1925 at 110 Union Street, Plymouth, the son of Nathaniel Smith, bookmaker, and his wife, Florrie, née Hafercorn....

Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor

H. S. Torrens.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Financial Aspects of Art; Petrology; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Mineralogy and Gems; Science and Mathematics; Education. 2521 words.

Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between...

Soddy, Frederick (1877–1956), chemist and social commentator

Linda Merricks.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicinal Chemistry. 2046 words.

Soddy, Frederick (1877–1956), chemist and social commentator, was born on 2 September 1877 at Bolton Road, Eastbourne, the fourth son of Benjamin Soddy (d. 1911), a semi-retired London corn...

sugar beet

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Chemistry.

The plant Beta vulgaris, which has a large root with a high sugar content, for which it is extensively cultivated.

See overview in Oxford Index

Tutton, Alfred Edwin Howard (1864–1938), crystallographer and alpinist

L. J. Spencer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Medicinal Chemistry; Crystallography. 621 words.

Tutton, Alfred Edwin Howard (1864–1938), crystallographer and alpinist, was born at Stockport on 22 August 1864, the only child of James Tutton, venetian blind manufacturer, and his wife,...

White, John Campbell, Baron Overtoun (1843–1908), philanthropist and chemical manufacturer

Lionel Alexander Ritchie.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Industrial Chemistry; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 898 words.

White, John Campbell, Baron Overtoun (1843–1908), philanthropist and chemical manufacturer, was born at Hayfield, near Rutherglen, on 21 November 1843, the middle child of seven and only...