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Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist

O. J. R. Howarth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ornithology; World History; Travel and Holiday. 908 words.

Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist, born at Willesley Place, Cranbrook, Kent, on 16 January 1873, was a twin son (with Robert Alexander) of Colonel Boyd Francis...

Battye, Aubyn Bernard Rochfort Trevor- (1855–1922), traveller and naturalist

Martin H. Evans.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1129 words.

Battye, Aubyn Bernard Rochfort Trevor- (1855–1922), traveller and naturalist, was born at Hever, Kent, on 17 July 1855, the second son in the family of two sons and three daughters of...

Bidwill, John Carne (1815–1853), botanist and traveller

Jane Tucker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; Botany. 369 words.

Bidwill, John Carne (1815–1853), botanist and traveller, was born on 5 February 1815 at Exeter, the son of Joseph Green Bidwill and his wife, Charlotte, née Carne. At the age of seventeen...

Borlaug, Norman Ernest

Gregory E. Pence.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online April 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Biological Sciences. 1180 words.

Borlaug, Norman Ernest (25 March 1914–12 September 2009), biologist, agronomist, and humanitarian, was born in Saude, Iowa, to grandchildren of Norwegian immigrants. He grew up on his...

Bourne, Gilbert Charles (1861–1933), zoologist and oarsman

John R. Baker and C. M. Pitman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 967 words.

Bourne, Gilbert Charles (1861–1933), zoologist and oarsman, was born at Grafton Manor, Worcestershire, on 5 July 1861, the eldest surviving son of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Bourne, 54th...

Brady, Sir Antonio (1811–1881), Admiralty official, naturalist, and social reformer

G. C. Boase.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Natural History; Military History; Naval Forces and Warfare. 1174 words.

Brady, Sir Antonio (1811–1881), Admiralty official, naturalist, and social reformer, was born at Deptford, London, on 10 November 1811, the eldest son of Anthony Brady of the Deptford...

buffalo

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

Common name for several species of cattle-like mammals (Bovidae) occurring in Africa south of the Sahara and in south-eastern Asia. The N. American Bison is sometimes incorrectly called...

See overview in Oxford Index

Caras, Roger

Richard Harmond.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online March 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Film; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 1308 words.

Caras, Roger (24 May 1928–18 February 2001), animal rights activist, Hollywood executive, and naturalist, was born in Methuen, a rural Massachusetts town around thirty miles north of...

Carpenter, Philip Pearsall (1819–1877), social reformer and conchologist

Norman Moore.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Invertebrates. 836 words.

Carpenter, Philip Pearsall (1819–1877), social reformer and conchologist, youngest child of Lant Carpenter (1780–1840), Unitarian divine and schoolmaster, and his wife, Anna (d. 1856),...

Castiglioni, Luigi

Richard N. Juliani.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); Natural History; US Politics. 1319 words.

Castiglioni, Luigi (03 October 1757–22 April 1832), naturalist, author, and politician, was born in Milan, Italy, the son of Count Ottavio Castiglioni and Teresa Verri, both of...

Chapman, Abel (1851–1929), naturalist and hunter

Jane Carruthers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Natural History. 1133 words.

Chapman, Abel (1851–1929), naturalist and hunter, was born at 212 High Street, Bishopwearmouth, co. Durham, on 4 October 1851, the eldest of the six sons and two daughters of Thomas Edward...

corn

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Genetics and Genomics.

Term used in the UK for wheat, in the USA for maize, and sometimes in Scotland and Ireland for oats; originally any grain. Kaffir corn is millet, kaffir manna corn is sorghum.

See overview in Oxford Index

curd

Overview page. Subjects: Cookery, Food, and Drink — Biological Sciences.

Clotted protein formed when fresh milk is treated with rennet; the fluid left is whey.

See overview in Oxford Index

5. Definitions, types, domains

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5010 words.

The word “ritual” is used in three different, though related, ways. First, ritual is conceived as a kind of action. Second, ritual is a cultural domain, arena, stage, or field, in and out...

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Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College

J. E. Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Veterinary Medicine. 1419 words.

Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College, was born on 6 May 1793 at Whitehorse Close, Canongate, Edinburgh, the second of three children...

Elwes, Henry John (1846–1922), natural historian and traveller

F. R. S. Balfour.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; World History; Travel and Holiday. 972 words.

Elwes, Henry John (1846–1922), natural historian and traveller, was born on 16 May 1846, the eldest child of the four sons and four daughters born to John Henry Elwes (1815–1891) of...

Falkus, Hugh Edward Lance (1917–1996), angler and naturalist

Kenneth Robson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 1170 words.

Falkus, Hugh Edward Lance (1917–1996), angler and naturalist, was born on 15 May 1917 at Melton, Cornwall Road, Cheam, Surrey, during a zeppelin raid, the son of James Everest Falkus, bank...

Forster, (Johann) Georg Adam (1754–1794), traveller and naturalist

Graham Jefcoate.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Natural History; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1375 words.

Forster, (Johann) Georg Adam (1754–1794), traveller and naturalist, was born on 27 November 1754 in Nassenhuben near Danzig in Polish Prussia, the eldest of the six children of Justina...

Fortune, Robert (1812–1880), traveller and botanist

G. S. Boulger.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Travel and Holiday; Botany. 939 words.

Fortune, Robert (1812–1880), traveller and botanist, was born at Kelloe in the parish of Edrom, Berwickshire, on 16 September 1812, the son of Thomas Fortune, hedger, and his wife, Agnes, n...

Geddes, Sir Patrick (1854–1932), social evolutionist and city planner

Helen Meller.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Evolutionary Biology; Sociology; Education. 5029 words.

Geddes, Sir Patrick (1854–1932), social evolutionist and city planner, was born at Ballater, west Aberdeenshire, Scotland, on 2 October 1854, the youngest son of Alexander Geddes...