Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 22 items for:

Society and Culture x Zoology and Animal Sciences x clear all

Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist

O. J. R. Howarth.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ornithology; World History; Travel and Holiday. 908 words.

Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist, born at Willesley Place, Cranbrook, Kent, on 16 January 1873, was a twin son (with Robert Alexander) of Colonel Boyd Francis...

Bourne, Gilbert Charles (1861–1933), zoologist and oarsman

John R. Baker and C. M. Pitman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 967 words.

Bourne, Gilbert Charles (1861–1933), zoologist and oarsman, was born at Grafton Manor, Worcestershire, on 5 July 1861, the eldest surviving son of Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Bourne, 54th...

buffalo

Overview page. Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences — Cookery, Food, and Drink.

Common name for several species of cattle-like mammals (Bovidae) occurring in Africa south of the Sahara and in south-eastern Asia. The N. American Bison is sometimes incorrectly called...

See overview in Oxford Index

Carpenter, Philip Pearsall (1819–1877), social reformer and conchologist

Norman Moore.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Invertebrates. 836 words.

Carpenter, Philip Pearsall (1819–1877), social reformer and conchologist, youngest child of Lant Carpenter (1780–1840), Unitarian divine and schoolmaster, and his wife, Anna (d. 1856),...

5. Definitions, types, domains

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5010 words.

The word “ritual” is used in three different, though related, ways. First, ritual is conceived as a kind of action. Second, ritual is a cultural domain, arena, stage, or field, in and out...

Go to »  abstract

Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College

J. E. Phillips.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Veterinary Medicine. 1419 words.

Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College, was born on 6 May 1793 at Whitehorse Close, Canongate, Edinburgh, the second of three children...

George, Wesley Critz

George Lewis.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1196 words.

George, Wesley Critz (28 August 1888–29 October 1982), zoologist and social scientist, was born in Yadkin County, North Carolina, the son of Thomas Miller, a farmer, schoolteacher, and...

Goddard, (Cecil) John (1923–2012), fishing tackle manufacturer, angler, and entomologist

Brian Clarke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Entomology; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Sports and Outdoor Recreation. 1221 words.

Goddard, (Cecil) John (1923–2012), fishing tackle manufacturer, angler, and entomologist, was born on 27 August 1923 at 66 Wiltshire Road, Brixton, London, the elder son of Cecil Henry...

Harrisson, Tom Harnett (1911–1976), ornithologist, museum curator, and co-founder of the Mass-Observation social survey project

Judith M. Heimann.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Sociology; Education; Ornithology; Conservation, Preservation, and Care of Artworks; Museums, Libraries, and Information Sciences. 2684 words.

Harrisson, Tom Harnett (1911–1976), ornithologist, museum curator, and co-founder of the Mass-Observation social survey project, was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 26 September 1911,...

Introduction

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 1170 words.

The ‘Introduction’ asks what is ritual? Is ritual useful? What are the various kinds of ritual? It suggests that to think about ritual is to reflect on human nature, sociality, and culture....

Go to »  abstract

Lloyd, Robert Wylie (1868–1958), collector and mountaineer

Alex M. Cain.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation; Entomology; Education; Financial Aspects of Art. 556 words.

Lloyd, Robert Wylie (1868–1958), collector and mountaineer, was born at Grove House, Oswaldtwistle, Blackburn, Lancashire, the only son of John Lloyd, a calico printer, and his wife, Rachel...

Millais, Sir Everett, second baronet (1856–1897), dog breeder and biomedical scientist

Michael Worboys.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Veterinary Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 1587 words.

Millais, Sir Everett, second baronet (1856–1897), dog breeder and biomedical scientist, was born at Annat Lodge, near Bowerswell, Perthshire, on 30 May 1856, the eldest of the eight...

Moorcroft, William (bap. 1767, d. 1825), veterinary surgeon and traveller

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Veterinary Medicine; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1398 words.

Moorcroft, William (bap. 1767, d. 1825), veterinary surgeon and traveller, was the illegitimate son of Ann Moorcroft (bap. 1747), and an unknown father. Baptized on 25 June 1767 he lived...

Ritual

Barry Stephenson.

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 144 pages.

Ritual is part of what it means to be human. It defines and enriches culture, but what is ritual? What are the various kinds of ritual? Is ritual tradition bound and conservative or...

Go to »  abstract

3. Ritual and society

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4468 words.

What does ritual do? Sociological and anthropological theory of the first half of the twentieth century proposes that ritual—secular or sacred—binds groups together, ensuring their...

Go to »  abstract

2. Ritual and the origins of culture

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 5182 words.

From an ethological perspective, ritual must have been present at the beginnings of humanity and ritualization played an adaptive role in the course of both biological and cultural...

Go to »  abstract

4. Ritual and transformation

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4866 words.

There are many rites that traffic in symbols and processes of transformation: healing rites, funerary rites, magic, sacrifice, rites of inversion, and rites of passage. Ritual theorists...

Go to »  abstract

6. Ritual as performance

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4906 words.

Cross-culturally, ritual typically includes elements commonly associated with performance events: music or rhythmic accompaniment; dance or other stylized bodily movements; and masking,...

Go to »  abstract

1. Ritualization

Barry Stephenson.

in Ritual

January 2015; p ublished online February 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Sociology and Anthropology of Religion; Customs and Traditions; Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology; Social and Cultural Anthropology. 4731 words.

‘Ritualization’ considers one of the cornerstones of ritual studies—ritualization. It begins with ethology, the study of animal behaviour and goes on to discuss ritualization theory and how...

Go to »  abstract

Smith, (Ida) Phyllis Barclay- (1902–1980), ornithological administrator

Colin J. O. Harrison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ornithology; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 692 words.

Smith, (Ida) Phyllis Barclay- (1902–1980), ornithological administrator, was born on 18 May 1902 at 57 Glisson Road, Cambridge, the second of three daughters, with one son, of Edward...