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Literary Studies (History of the Book) x clear all

abbreviation

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 790 words.

An extremely common feature in medieval manuscripts, and to a lesser, but still significant, extent in early modern writing, an

abecedarium

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 91 words.

Derived from ‘ABC’, the term ‘abecedarium’ (plural: abecedaria), sometimes italicized as abecedarium or rendered as ‘abecedary’, means a tablet or

abridgement

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 140 words.

An abridgement is a shortened or condensed version of a text. Abridgements were made in manuscript and later in printed

abstract

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 88 words.

An abstract is a brief summary, epitome, or precis of a work, text, or document. Abstracts are often found, for

accent

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 90 words.

Accents in writing are marks (technically diacritical marks) qualifying certain letters to indicate particular meanings, sound values, or stresses on

accidentals

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 3 words.

accord

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 3 words.

accounts

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 445 words.

Accounts are financial documents detailing expenditure and income, often drawn up systematically in columns, with appropriate calculations. An account book

achievement

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 60 words.

In heraldry, an achievement is a pictorial representation of a family's complete insignia or armorial devices, including their coat of

acquittance

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 78 words.

An acquittance is a document normally written to acknowledge that records have been audited and found to be in order.

Acta Curiæ

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 102 words.

Acta Curiæ (the Latin meaning ‘acts of court’), sometimes known as Registers of the Chancellor's (or Vice-Chancellor's) Court, are records

address

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 307 words.

An address may be a formal speech delivered to an audience (the Gettysburg Address of Abraham Lincoln on 19 November

addressee

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 76 words.

An addressee is the person to whom a letter is addressed. Addressees or recipients of letters have often contributed to

administration

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 5 words.

adversaria

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 105 words.

Adversaria, or in its Latinized form adversaria, is a term applied to a merchant's waste book and hence to

advowson

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 44 words.

An advowson is the patronage of an ecclesiastical office, or of a religious house, and consequent right of presentation to

aerogramme

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 65 words.

An aerogramme is a type of lightweight printed stationery manufactured specifically for use as a letter sent by air. Aerogrammes

affidavit

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 63 words.

An affidavit (the Latin meaning ‘he/she has pledged his faith’ or ‘he/she has stated on oath’) is a legally binding

album

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 137 words.

In Roman times, an album (the Latin word means ‘white’) was a white tablet on which the public notices of

alchemical manuscript

Peter Beal.

in A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

January 2008; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literary Studies (History of the Book). 332 words.

Alchemy is the pseudo-science relating to the transmutation of base metals into silver or gold and to the quest for