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Aalto, (Hugo) Alvar (Henrik) (1898–1976)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 158 words.

Finnish architect and designer, whose early neoclassical style changed in the late 1920s to the international modern, in such buildings as the Viipuri library and the MIT hall of...

Abbas, Ferhat

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 324 words.

Algerian nationalist leader who became an active member of the National Liberation Front (FLN), although he sought to achieve Algerian independence by parliamentary means....

Abbe, Cleveland

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 170 words.

(1838–1916) American meteorologist

Abbe was born in New York City and educated there at City College; he later taught at the University of Michigan. He then spent two years (...

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Abbe, Ernst

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 172 words.

(1840–1905) German physicist

Abbe, who was born in Eisenach (now in Germany), came from poor parents but managed to become a lecturer at the University of Jena, where in ...

Abdul Rahman, Tunku (1903–1990)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 345 words.

First prime minister of Malaya (1957–63) and of Malaysia (1963–70). A skilled negotiator, he was one of the architects of modern Malaysia....

Abegg, Richard

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 152 words.

(1869–1910) German physical chemist

Abegg was born in the German port of Danzig (now Gdańsk in Poland); he studied chemistry at Kiel, Tübingen, and Berlin. He graduated in ...

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Abel, John Jacob

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 271 words.

(1857–1938) American biochemist

Abel was born in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of a farmer. He was educated at the University of Michigan and Johns Hopkins University. He spent the...

Abel, Niels Henrik

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 338 words.

(1802–1829) Norwegian mathematician

Abel was born in Froland, the son of a poor pastor; he was educated in mathematics at the University of Christiana (Oslo). After the death of...

Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 283 words.

(1827–1902) British chemist

Abel was born in London, the son of a well-known musician and the grandson of a court painter to the grand duke of ...

Abelson, Philip Hauge

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 376 words.

(1913–2004) American physical chemist

Abelson, who was born in Tacoma, was educated at Washington State College and at the University of California at Berkeley, where he obtained...

Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 156 words.

British town planner and architect, who is known for his post-war The Greater London Plan. He was knighted in 1945...

Achebe, Chinua (1930–2013)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 268 words.

Nigerian novelist and poet of Ibo descent.

Born in Ogidi, in eastern Nigeria, the son of a mission teacher, Achebe...

Acheson, Dean Gooderham (1893–1971)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 358 words.

US lawyer and statesman who became secretary of state (1949–53) under President Harry S. Truman.

Acheson was born into a wealthy patrician family in Middletown, Connecticut, and...

Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

Christopher J. Berry.

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 152 pages.

In 1776, Adam Smith (1723–90) wrote The Wealth of Nations, the foundational book that led to him being called the ‘father of economics’. However, Adam Smith was far more than an economist....

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Adamov, Arthur (1908–1970)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 306 words.

Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.

Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he...

Adams, Ansel Easton (1902–1984)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 332 words.

US photographer, noted for memorable images of his native landscape and his valuable contributions to the development of photographic techniques....

Adams, Gerry (1948– )

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 560 words.

Northern Irish republican leader, president of Sinn Féin since 1983 who in 1990s made the transition from alleged terrorist to peacemaker....

Adams, John Couch

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 426 words.

(1819–1892) British astronomer

Adams was born in the small Cornish town of Launceston, where his father was a tenant farmer. He developed an early interest in astronomy,...

Adams, Walter Sydney

Edited by Market House Books.

in A Dictionary of Scientists

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Biographical Studies. 468 words.

(1876–1956) American astronomer

Adams was born in Antioch (now in Turkey). He was the son of missionaries working in Syria, then part of the Ottoman Empire, who returned to America...

Adenauer, Konrad (1876–1967)

Edited by Market House Books.

in Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

January 1999; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945); Contemporary History (Post 1945); Biographical Studies. 275 words.

German statesman and first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (1949–63).

Born in Cologne, the son of a clerk, ...