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Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

Christopher J. Berry.

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 152 pages.

In 1776, Adam Smith (1723–90) wrote The Wealth of Nations, the foundational book that led to him being called the ‘father of economics’. However, Adam Smith was far more than an economist....

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Adler, Polly

Marilynn Wood Hill.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 1934 words.

Adler, Polly (16 April 1900?–09 June 1962), prostitution madam and author, was born Pearl Adler in Yanow, Russia, the daughter of Morris Adler, a tailor, and Gertrude Koval (called...

Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers

Frances Smith Foster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Biographical Studies. 914 words.

Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers (24 December 1853–1890?), author and activist, was born in Oglethorpe, Georgia, the daughter of slaves. Details of her life are sketchy. Little is known of...

Brown, William Wells

R. J. M. Blackett.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery; Biographical Studies; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Education. 1424 words.

Brown, William Wells (1814?–06 November 1884), author and reformer, was born near Lexington, Kentucky, the son of George Higgins, a relative of his master, and Elizabeth, a slave. Dr. John...

Cannon, John (1684–1743), excise official and autobiographer

Tim Hitchcock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Political Institutions; Public Administration; Biographical Studies. 777 words.

Cannon, John (1684–1743), excise official and autobiographer, was born on 28 March 1684, the third but eldest surviving child of John Cannon (b. 1648), smallholder and butcher, and his...

Communication and imagination

Christopher J. Berry.

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 4317 words.

In the breadth of his interests and knowledge, Adam Smith was a typical member of the Enlightenment. ‘Communication and imagination’ explains how the arguments in the Moral Sentiments and...

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Fisher, M. F. K.

E. D. Lloyd-Kimbrel.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 2226 words.

Fisher, M. F. K. (03 July 1908–22 June 1992), writer, was born Mary Frances Kennedy in Albion, Michigan, the daughter of Rex Brenton Kennedy, a newspaper editor, and Edith Oliver Holbrook,...

Foley, Alice (1891–1974), trade unionist and autobiographer

Carol Jenkins.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 986 words.

Foley, Alice (1891–1974), trade unionist and autobiographer, was born at 22 Back Shaw Street, Bolton, Lancashire, on 28 November 1891. She was the youngest of six children—two sisters and...

Gronniosaw, Ukawsaw [pseud. James Albert] (1710x14–1775), freed slave and autobiographer

Vincent Carretta.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 1067 words.

Gronniosaw, Ukawsaw [pseud. James Albert] (1710x14–1775), freed slave and autobiographer, was probably born in Bornu (now north-eastern Nigeria), the youngest of the six children of the...

Haydon, Frederick Wordsworth (1827–1886)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Biographical Studies; UK Politics; Political Institutions; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 4 words.

See Haydon, Benjamin Robert

Hughes [née Rogers], Victoria (1897–1978), lavatory attendant and author

Shirley Brown and Dawn Dyer.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 774 words.

Hughes [née Rogers], Victoria (1897–1978), lavatory attendant and author, was born on 22 June 1897 at Woodbury Lane, off Blackboy Hill, Bristol, the fifth of ten children of Alfred William...

Jermy [née Withers], Louise Jane [Louisa] (1877–1952), domestic servant and autobiographer

Jane McDermid.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 896 words.

Jermy [née Withers], Louise Jane [Louisa] (1877–1952), domestic servant and autobiographer, was born on 30 January 1877 at Howe Lane, Romsey, Hampshire, on the Broadlands estate where her...

Keckley, Elizabeth Hobbs

Gertrude Woodruff Marlowe.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Biographical Studies. 1481 words.

Keckley, Elizabeth Hobbs (1820?–26 May 1907), White House dressmaker during the Lincoln administration and author, was born in Dinwiddie Court House, Virginia, the daughter of George...

Larpenteur, Charles

Michael J. Brodhead.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Literature; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 807 words.

Larpenteur, Charles (08 May 1807–15 November 1872), fur trader and writer, was born five miles from Fontainebleau, France. His father, a Bonapartist, settled in the United States in 1818...

Legacy and reputation

Christopher J. Berry.

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 4015 words.

‘Legacy and reputation’ considers historical and contemporary views of the Wealth of Nations and why Adam Smith is ritually referred to as the ‘father of economics’. Ever since the Wealth...

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Leonard, Zenas

E. Clark Davis.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 935 words.

Leonard, Zenas (19 March 1809–14 July 1857), trapper, was born in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, the son of Abraham Leonard and Elizabeth Armstrong, farmers. Leonard’s formal education...

Life and times

Christopher J. Berry.

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 4340 words.

There is more to Adam Smith than The Wealth of Nations, a book on the workings of the economy. He wrote an important treatise on moral philosophy, published an exceptionally well-informed...

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Living virtuously

Christopher J. Berry.

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

October 2018; p ublished online October 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Economics; History of Economic Thought; Biographical Studies. 4736 words.

Does someone deserve to be praised or punished? Can one individual merit owning more resources than another? Can blame be rightly attached to unintended actions? These are examples of moral...

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Love, Nat

William F. Mugleston.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 918 words.

Love, Nat ( June 1854–1921), cowboy and author, was born in Davidson County, Tennessee, the son of Sampson Love and a mother whose name is unknown. Both were slaves owned by Robert Love,...

Macdonald, John (b. 1741), domestic servant and memoirist

Katherine Turner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Biographical Studies. 596 words.

Macdonald, John (b. 1741), domestic servant and memoirist, was born in the parish of Urquhart, Inverness-shire, the son of a gentleman cattle dealer whose wife, from a Mackay family, died...