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A

in Drugs in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care

February 2011; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care; Pharmacology. 9964 words.

This chapter includes drugs beginning with the letter A

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Abdominal Procedures

Guy Jackson, Neil Soni and Christopher Whiten.

in Practical Procedures in Anaesthesia and Critical Care

December 2010; p ublished online November 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 5494 words.

This chapter explores abdominal procedures, including nasogastric and nasojejunal tube placement, Sengstaken-Blakemore and Minnesota tube placement, urethral catheterization, and abdominal...

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Acute and Chronic Pain

Pankaj Mehta, Katherine Zaleski and Christine Peeters-Asdourian.

in Anesthesiology

April 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 55 words.

Chapter 8 contains 66 questions and answers regarding acute and chronic pain.

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Acute cardiology

Kenneth McKinlay and Naomi Johnston.

in Cardiothoracic Critical Care

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Emergency Medicine; Anaesthetics. 2621 words.

This chapter considers the critical care management of three cardiological emergencies: out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, endocarditis, and aortic dissection. It describes the post-cardiac...

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Acute Ischemic Stroke

Cynthia L. Kenmuir and Tudor G. Jovin.

in Neurocritical Care

October 2018; p ublished online November 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Neurology; Anaesthetics. 5846 words.

Ischemic stroke accounts for 87% of all strokes and remains a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Early evaluation and management is critical for good outcomes. The...

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Acute Kidney Injury from Therapeutic Agents

Daphne Knicely, Michael J. Choi and Sumeska Thavarajah.

in Kidney Protection

February 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology; Anaesthetics. 4882 words.

Many agents, which are crucial for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, are associated with nephrotoxicity and acute kidney injury. The nephrotoxicity often becomes the limiting factor for...

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Acute Liver Failure

Cynthia Wang and Michelle Y. Braunfeld.

in Advanced Perioperative Crisis Management

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 3036 words.

Acute liver failure produces widespread physiologic derangements including encephalopathy, coagulopathy, peripheral vasodilation, a systemic inflammatory response, and multiorgan failure....

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Acute Loss of Intraoperative Evoked Potential Signals

Leslie Jameson.

in Advanced Perioperative Crisis Management

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 3771 words.

Monitoring of somatosensory and motor evoked potentials has become the standard of care for a large proportion of spine surgeons. Understanding how anesthetic management may affect these...

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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

John W. Kreit.

in Mechanical Ventilation

November 2017; p ublished online December 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 6976 words.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome reviews the definitions, causes, pathophysiology, and management of this relatively common, life-threatening disorder. This chapter...

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The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network

Laleh Jalilian and Jeanine Wiener-Kronish.

in 50 Studies Every Intensivist Should Know

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Anaesthetics; Primary Care. 1913 words.

The diagnosis of adult respiratory distress syndrome, even now with the new Berlin definition, is sensitive but not specific for finding diffuse alveolar damage on pathology. The definition...

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Acute Severe Asthma and Bronchospasm

Amanda T. Redding and Marc Hassid.

in Advanced Perioperative Crisis Management

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 2897 words.

This chapter focuses on acute asthma and bronchospasm occurring in the perioperative period. Over 6% of the people in the United States have asthma, which is characterized by chronic...

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Acute Stroke

Laurel E. Moore.

in Advanced Perioperative Crisis Management

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 4005 words.

Stroke is the leading cause of disability in the United States, and in terms of mortality is second only to ischemic heart disease worldwide. Medical management for acute ischemic stroke...

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Acute Stroke

Alexis Steinberg and Bradley J. Molyneaux.

in Rapid Response System

March 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Anaesthetics; Emergency Medicine. 3624 words.

The development of a stroke is an acute neurologic emergency that requires rapid evaluation as any delay in treatment worsens outcome. There are two main types of strokes, hemorrhagic and...

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Adaptation in Acute Kidney Injury

Navin Jaipaul.

in Kidney Protection

February 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Nephrology; Anaesthetics. 3979 words.

It is well established that patients who develop acute kidney injury (AKI) are at increased risk for progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, by the time AKI is clinically...

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Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Carly Peterson and Denise Joffe.

in Cardiac Anesthesia: A Problem-Based Learning Approach

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 10734 words.

The incidence of congenital heart disease is about 1 in 150 live births. In the United States, there are comprehensive healthcare programs that care for the pediatric patient with...

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The adult patient with congenital heart disease

Robyn Smith and Niki Walker.

in Cardiothoracic Critical Care

March 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Emergency Medicine; Anaesthetics. 3362 words.

This chapter describes the role of the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) in the management of adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD). This is a growing population as possibly...

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Advanced Heart Failure Treated with Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device

David M. Dudzinski and James Sawalla Guseh.

in 50 Studies Every Intensivist Should Know

January 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Anaesthetics; Primary Care. 2024 words.

This chapter provides a summary of the landmark study entitled “Advanced Heart Failure Treated with Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device.” This study and this chapter explores how...

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Advanced Perioperative Crisis Management

Matthew D. McEvoy and Cory M. Furse.

July 2017; p ublished online August 2017 .

Book. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 688 pages.

This book has grown out of decades of practicing simulation and teaching concepts of perioperative crisis resource management at our institutions, at national meetings, and in our residency...

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Air Embolism on Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Aaron Hudson and Ryan Hood.

in Cardiac Anesthesia: A Problem-Based Learning Approach

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care. 4514 words.

The danger associated with air embolism in cardiac surgery has been well established for over 125 years. In the first volume of Annals of Surgery, published in 1885, long preceding the era...

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Airway

Martin Beed, Richard Sherman and Ravi Mahajan.

in Emergencies in Critical Care

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Anaesthetics. 7074 words.

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