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Anaesthesia for Complex Spine Surgeries

Ehab Farag and Zeyd Ebrahim.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 7617 words.

This chapter discusses the pre-operative evaluation of the patient scheduled for complex spine surgery, and focuses on functional capacity, neurological assessment, and upper airway...

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The Autonomic Nervous System

David B. Glick, Gerald Glick and Erica J. Stein.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 10898 words.

This chapter on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) covers the neural anatomy of the sympathetic (SNS), parasympathetic (PNS), and enteric (ENS) nervous systems. The activation and...

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Awake Craniotomy for Tumour, Epilepsy, and Functional Neurosurgery

Lashmi Venkatraghavan and Pirjo Manninen.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 7512 words.

An awake craniotomy for tumour and epilepsy surgery allows for the mapping of eloquent brain function to minimize its injury and/or for the localization of an epileptic focus. The insertion...

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Basics of Neurocritical Care

Magnus Teig and Martin Smith.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 9929 words.

Neurocritical care is a subspecialty of intensive care medicine dedicated to the treatment of critically ill neurological patients. It has matured over the last decade through new...

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Brain Trauma

Anne Sebastiani and Kristin Engelhard.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 9189 words.

This chapter focuses on brain trauma, which leads to a disruption of normal neurologic function. Before arrival in the hospital, a guideline-based treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI)...

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Cerebral Physiology

Stefan Bittner, Kerstin Göbel and Sven G. Meuth.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 6387 words.

This chapter reviews the physiology of cerebral metabolism and cerebral blood flow (CBF), the effects of anaesthetic agents on cerebral physiology, and, most importantly, their effects on...

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Cerebrovascular Disease

Corey Amlong and Robert D. Sanders.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 6800 words.

Peri-operative stroke is a rare consequence of surgical intervention and anaesthesia that has profound effect on patient outcomes; incurring a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in the setting...

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Cerebrovascular Surgery

Deepak Sharma and David R. Wright.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 8843 words.

This chapter discusses the common cerebrovascular disorders that present for surgical intervention, which include intracranial aneurysms, vascular malformations (arteriovenous malformation,...

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Epilepsy

Adam D. Niesen, Adam K. Jacob and Sandra L. Kopp.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 4524 words.

The general population has approximately a 3% lifetime chance of developing a persistent seizure disorder. This represents a significant number of patients presenting for anaesthetic care....

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Hydrocephalus and Associated Surgery

Paola Hurtado and Neus Fàbregas.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 8828 words.

Hydrocephalus is a pathology that usually requires surgical treatment independently of aetiology, associated diseases, or age. Effects of hydrocephalus range from almost imperceptible to...

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Interventional Neuroradiology

Nathan Manning, Katherine M. Gelber, Michael Crimmins, Philip M. Meyers and Eric J. Heyer.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 10502 words.

Neuroradiology is a rapidly evolving field in the diagnosis and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. This chapter reviews fundamental principles for providing care to patients undergoing...

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Intracranial Pressure

Harald Stefanits, Andrea Reinprecht and Klaus Ulrich Klein.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 5781 words.

Intracranial pressure (ICP) is determined by the volume of the contents of the intracranial vault and the stiff hull of the bony calvarium. The three compartments, including brain...

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Introduction to Electroencephalography

Michael Avidan and Jamie Sleigh.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 8453 words.

This chapter presents an introduction to electroencephalography, a non-invasive electrophysiological monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain. It discusses waveforms in...

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Neural Mechanisms of Anaesthetics

Andrew McKinstry-Wu and Max B. Kelz.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 11374 words.

For more than 170 years since their discovery, the mechanisms by which general anaesthetics act on the central nervous system (CNS) to produce their signature triad of reversible...

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Neurobiology of Acute and Chronic Pain

Adrian Pichurko and Richard E. Harris.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 9301 words.

Pain is a complex phenomenon that may involve both peripheral and central neurobiological processes. Nociception is the unconscious registration of a noxious stimulus by the nervous system,...

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Neurologic Emergencies

Ross P. Martini and Ines P. Koerner.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 8193 words.

The primary goal of the neuroanaesthetist and neurointensivist is to preserve brain structure and function, especially in the setting of neurologic insults. Neurologic emergencies can also...

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Neuromuscular Junction

Christiane G. Stäuble, Heidrun Lewald and Manfred Blobner.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 12256 words.

This chapter outlines an introduction to the neuromuscular junction. It covers anatomy and physiology (including presynaptic physiology and pharmacology, postsynaptic physiology and...

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Neurophysiologic Monitoring for Neurosurgery

Antoun Koht, Laura B. Hemmer, J. Richard Toleikis and Tod B. Sloan.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 9552 words.

Intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring (IOM) has evolved substantially since its beginnings in the 1970s with somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) and facial nerve electromyography...

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Neurotoxicity of General Anaesthetics

Margaret K. Menzel Ellis and Ansgar Brambrink.

in Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 11859 words.

This chapter covers the neurotoxicity of general anaesthetics. It discusses how a large body of preclinical evidence shows an association of anaesthetic exposure with neural cell injury and...

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Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology

Edited by George A. Mashour and Kristin Engelhard.

January 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Neurology; Neuroscience. 352 pages.

The Oxford Textbook of Neuroscience and Anaesthesiology is the first book of its kind to comprehensively address the care of neurosurgical and neurological patients, the study of...

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