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Abdominal pain

Krishna Moorthy and Mark Deakin.

in Pain in Older People

P ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Geriatric Medicine; Pain Medicine. 2821 words.

• Diagnosis of a cause for abdominal pain is based on the site and characteristics of the pain together with a knowledge of likely pathology. • For foregut pathology pain is epigastric. •...

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Achalasia

Mike Stanton.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 266 words.

This chapter covers achalasia including discussion of the incidence, presenting features, differential diagnosis, investigation, and management.

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Acknowledgement of Reviewers (2017)

in Pain Medicine

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Anaesthetics; Clinical Medicine; Pain Medicine; Palliative Medicine. 2416 words.

Active role of capillary pericytes during stimulation-induced activity and spreading depolarization

Lila Khennouf, Bodil Gesslein, Alexey Brazhe, J Christopher Octeau, Nikolay Kutuzov, Baljit S Khakh and Martin Lauritzen.

in Brain

July 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuropathology; Disorders of the Nervous System; Pain Medicine. 8636 words.

Abstract

Spreading depolarization is assumed to be the mechanism of migraine with aura, which is accompanied by an initial predominant hyperaemic response...

Acute abdominal pain

Daniel Marks and Marcus Harbord.

in Emergencies in Gastroenterology and Hepatology

July 2013; p ublished online October 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Gastroenterology; Pain Medicine. 9693 words.

Differential diagnosis

Peptic ulceration

Gallstone disease

Acute pancreatitis

Peritonitis

Retroperitoneal...

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Acute abdominal pain

Mark Beattie and Mike Stanton.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 907 words.

This chapter discusses the assessment, differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. Appendicitis and intussusception are discussed in detail.

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Acute and Chronic Pain

Pankaj Mehta, Katherine Zaleski and Christine Peeters-Asdourian.

in Anesthesiology

April 2013; p ublished online August 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 55 words.

Chapter 8 contains 66 questions and answers regarding acute and chronic pain.

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Acute gastroenteritis

Anthony Wiskin.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 2373 words.

This chapter covers acute gastroenteritis. It includes sections on aetiology, clinical features, differential diagnosis, assessment, management, and complications. It is practically focused...

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Acute liver failure

Naresh P Shanmugam and Sanjay Bansal.

in Oxford Specialist Handbook of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Gastroenterology; Dietetics and Nutrition. 3704 words.

The chapter on acute liver failure includes the definition, aetiology, and management of this condition. It discusses the frequently associated complications (neurological, haemodynamic,...

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Acute pain

Keith G. Allman, Iain H. Wilson and Aidan O’Donnell.

in Oxford Handbook of Anaesthesia

P ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Anaesthetics; Pain Medicine. 6019 words.

Adrian Dashfield Introduction  - Analgesic drugs  - Patient-controlled analgesia  - Epidural analgesia  - Continuous peripheral nerve blockade  - Stimulation-produced...

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Acute Pain

Edited by Lesley Bromley and Brigitta Brandner.

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 208 pages.

This title covers the fundamentals of pain, the pharmacology of drugs used, and summarises the current evidence base for the management of acute pain.

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Acute pain in cancer

James A. Smart.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 2661 words.

Pain in patients with cancer occurs because of a variety of different causes and has both nociceptive and neuropathic pain components.

It is essential that a...

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Acute pain in children

Richard F. Howard.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 3267 words.

Age and maturity affect the perception and expression of pain in children.

A variety of pain assessment tools are needed to cover different age groups.

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Acute pain in chronic opiate users

Sanjay Bajaj.

Edited by Brigitta Brandner.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 2653 words.

The main goals in treating perioperative pain are effective analgesia and prevention of withdrawal.

An acute pain management plan should be formulated and agreed...

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Acute pain in haematological disorders

Ali Mofeez and Upal Hossain.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 3001 words.

The use of painkillers ranging from simple analgesics to strong opioids is a common feature in the acute pain management of haematological conditions.

However,...

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Acute pain in patients with renal or hepatic impairment

Ramini Moonesinghe and Sue Mallett.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 2936 words.

The metabolism and excretion of many analgesic drugs will be altered in the presence of renal or hepatic impairment.

Some analgesic drugs can cause renal or...

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Acute pain in peripheral vascular disease

Arif H. Ghazi and Obi Agu.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 2468 words.

Pain in vascular disease is often severe.

Atherosclerosis is the commonest cause of ischaemic pain.

Angioplasty, stents, and surgical...

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Acute pain in pregnancy

John F.R. Dick.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 3237 words.

Labour pain can be severe, and relieving this pain can reduce physiological stress on mother and baby.

Epidural and spinal analgesia is by far the most effective...

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Acute pain in the elderly

Adrian Wagg and Shashi Gadgil.

in Acute Pain

June 2010; p ublished online May 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Pain Medicine. 4816 words.

Physiological changes that occur with age affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs used in acute pain management.

Elderly patients are often...

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Acute Pain in the Field

Edited by Chester C. Buckenmaier, Michael Kent, Jason C. Brookman, Patrick J Tighe, Edward R. Mariano and David A. Edwards.

in Acute Pain Medicine

April 2019; p ublished online April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Pain Medicine; Emergency Medicine; Critical Care. 3408 words.

This chapter describes common medications used for pain management in austere care environments.

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