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Ablative technologies for renal cancer

Stephen Faddegon, Ephrem O. Olweny and Jeffrey A. Cadeddu.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 8721 words.

Nearly two-thirds of newly detected renal masses are clinical stage 1, with T1a tumours accounting for 60% of the newly detected stage 1 tumours. Guideline panels convened by the American...

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Abnormalities of the bladder

Peter Cuckow.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 2852 words.

Anatomical and functional reconstruction of the bladder exstrophy/epispadias complex of anomalies presents paediatric urologists with one of their greatest challenges. Nevertheless, very...

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Acute kidney injury

Edward Sharples.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 4938 words.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common, major cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients, and contributes significantly to length of stay and hence costs. Large...

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Adenocarcinoma of the bladder

Roy Mano and Ofer Yossepowitch.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 6413 words.

Adenocarcinoma of the bladder accounts for 0.5–2 of bladder tumours. Risk factors include bladder exstrophy, bladder augmentation, schistosomiasis, and endometriosis. Bladder adenocarcinoma...

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Adrenocortical cancer

Steve Ball and Sajid Kalathil.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 4848 words.

Adrenocortical cancer (ACC) is rare and associated with poor prognosis. The incidence is estimated at 0.7–2 cases per one million. Overall survival rate at five years for ACC is 37–47%....

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Adrenocortical carcinoma posing as a pheochromocytoma: a diagnostic dilemma

Sumita Jain, Lakshman Agarwal, Shravan Nadkarni, Atul Ameta, Ashish Goyal, Ranjan Kumar, Arjun Rao and Kamalkant Gupta.

in Journal of Surgical Case Reports

P ublished online May 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urology. 1202 words.

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant tumour arising from the adrenal cortex, whereas pheochromocytoma is a tumour of the adrenal medulla with occasional presence at extra-adrenal...

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The aetiology, epidemiology, clinical features, and investigation of kidney cancer

Nilay Patel, David Cranston and Mark Sullivan.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 11122 words.

Over 270,000 patients worldwide are diagnosed with renal cancer every year. It is the most lethal of all urological malignancies, with 33–44% of patients dying as a result of the disease....

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The ageing male

Geoffrey I Hackett.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 10059 words.

For over 40 years, physicians have been aware of the importance of hormonal changes associated with male ageing. As patients now expect to live full and rewarding lives into their eighties...

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Anatomy, neurophysiology, and pharmacological control mechanisms of the bladder

Donna Daly and Christopher Chapple.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 11334 words.

The lower urinary tract has two main functions; the collection and low pressure storage of urine and periodical controlled elimination of urine at an appropriate time. In order to achieve...

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Antimicrobial agents

Katherine E. Walton and Sally Ager.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 10275 words.

Antimicrobial resistance is a growing problem, which can be exacerbated by inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents. An understanding of the judicious use of antimicrobial agents, also...

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Aspiration cytology of adenomatoid tumor of epididymis: An important diagnostic tool

S Gupta, S Garg, R Agarwal and R Sen.

in Journal of Surgical Case Reports

April 2012; p ublished online April 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urology. 1161 words.

Adenomatoid tumor is a benign mesothelial neoplasm of the paratesticular region in males but can also occur in female genital tracts. The epididymis is the most common site of involvement...

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Assessment of nocturia

Marcus Drake.

in Nocturia

July 2015; p ublished online September 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Urology. 3294 words.

Patients suffering from nocturia need a thorough medical and surgical history and a focused clinical examination. Baseline investigations required for patients suffering with nocturia...

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Assessment of urinary incontinence

Marcus Drake.

in Oxford Textbook of Urological Surgery

September 2017; p ublished online November 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Surgery; Urology. 6567 words.

Involuntary loss of urine is subdivided primarily into stress, urgency, or mixed urinary incontinence. The history and examination aim to identify underlying mechanisms, and indicators of...

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Asymptomatic ureteral rupture secondary to chronic urinary retention from massive prostatic enlargement

Piyush B. Sarmah, Anthony Noah, Brian D. Kelly and Peter G. Ryan.

in Journal of Surgical Case Reports

P ublished online November 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urology. 1291 words.

Non-traumatic ureteral rupture has been reported more frequently, resulting from increased intraluminal pressures from distal urinary tract obstruction. We report the case of a 77-year-old...

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An atypical case of large bowel obstruction

Kaylie E. Hughes and James Arthur.

in Journal of Surgical Case Reports

June 2013; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urology. 1118 words.

In Europe up to nine per cent of people suffer from renal calculi during their lifetime. Staghorn calculi are common and account for ∼11% of cases. Classic presentations include persistent...

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Autonomic Failure

Edited by Christopher J. Mathias and Sir Roger Bannister.

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; Anatomy; Urology; Respiratory Medicine and Pulmonology; Gastroenterology; Nephrology; Pain Medicine; Cardiovascular Medicine; Ophthalmology; Reproductive Medicine; Immunology; Endocrinology and Diabetes; Paediatrics; Geriatric Medicine; Anaesthetics; Pharmacology; Medical Toxicology; Surgery. 928 pages.

This new edition of Autonomic Failure features numerous new chapters and makes diagnosis increasingly precise by fully evaluating the underlying anatomical and functional deficits, thereby...

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Basic science and renal transplant

John Reynard, Simon F Brewster, Suzanne Biers and Naomi Laura Neal.

in Oxford Handbook of Urology

April 2019; p ublished online February 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Urology; Genito-urinary Medicine. 4870 words.

This chapter covers the basic physiological functions of the kidney, bladder, and urethra. Renal anatomy is detailed, including the anatomical relations of the kidney. Renal physiology is...

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Basic science and renal transplant

John Reynard, Simon Brewster and Suzanne Biers.

in Oxford Handbook of Urology

February 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Urology; Preclinical Medicine; Transplant Surgery. 4762 words.

Basic physiology of bladder and urethra 794

Basic renal anatomy 796

Renal physiology: glomerular filtration and...

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Basic urological surgical skills and equipment

John Reynard, Stephen Mark, Kevin Turner, Noel Armenakas, Mark Feneley and Mark Sullivan.

in Urological Surgery

December 2008; p ublished online October 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Urology; Surgical Skills. 16212 words.

Cystoscopy 14

Cystoscopy (rigid) 16

Flexible cystourethroscopy 20

Bladder biopsy 22

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Benign inverted papilloma at bladder neck causing acute urinary retention

Louisa Ho, Edward Jones and Alexander Kavanagh.

in Journal of Surgical Case Reports

P ublished online June 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Urology. 995 words.

Abstract

Inverted papilloma of the urinary tract is a rare benign lesion. A 59-year-old male who presented with the chief complaint of gross hematuria and...