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a

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 18 words.

1 abbr. for adsorbed.

2 symbol for atto+ (SI prefix denoting 10−18).

3 axial.

4 year.

a

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 32 words.

symbol for

1 absorption coefficient.

2 acceleration (in vector equations it is printed in bold italic ( a ).

3

null...

A

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 46 words.

symbol for

1 acid‐catalysed (of a reaction mechanism).

2 a residue of the α‐amino acid l‐alanine (alternative to

A

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 18 words.

symbol for

1 absorbance.

2 activity (def. 2).

3 affinity.

4 Helmholtz function.

5 mass number/nucleon number.

2′‐5′A

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 71 words.

symbol for any member of a series of oligonucleotides of the general formula p a A[2′p5′A] n , where p

Å

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 11 words.

symbol for ångström (unit of length equal to 10−10 m).

(A + T)/(G + C) ratio

Edited by Richard Cammack, Teresa Atwood, Peter Campbell, Howard Parish, Anthony Smith, Frank Vella and John Stirling.

in Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

January 2006; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biochemistry. 50 words.

the ratio of the sum of the adenine plus thymine bases to the sum of the guanine plus cytosine bases

A “Glyconutrient Sham”

Ronald L Schnaar and Hudson H Freeze.

in Glycobiology

September 2008; p ublished online September 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Carbohydrates. 4364 words.

The discipline of glycobiology contributes to our understanding of human health and disease through research, most of which is published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Recently,...

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A 10-Food Group Dietary Diversity Score Outperforms a 7-Food Group Score in Characterizing Seasonal Variability and Micronutrient Adequacy in Rural Zambian Children

Bess L Caswell, Sameera A Talegawkar, Ward Siamusantu, Keith P West and Amanda C Palmer.

in The Journal of Nutrition

January 2018; p ublished online January 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Dietetics and Nutrition; Biochemistry; Food Microbiology; Gut Microbiology. 7406 words.

Abstract

Background

Dietary diversity scores and dichotomous indicators derived from them are widely used to assess...

A 10S galectin-3–U1 snRNP complex assembles into active spliceosomes

Kevin C. Haudek, Patricia G. Voss, John L. Wang and Ronald J. Patterson.

in Nucleic Acids Research

July 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 4810 words.

In previous studies, we reported that fractionation of HeLa cell nuclear extracts on glycerol gradients revealed an endogenous ∼10S particle that contained galectin-3 and U1 snRNP and this...

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A 16S rRNA–tRNA product containing a nucleotide phototrimer and specific for tRNA in the P/E hybrid state in the Escherichia coli ribosome

Wayne Huggins and Paul Wollenzien.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6644 words.

Ribosome complexes containing deacyl-[math] or biotinylvalyl-[math] and an mRNA analog have been irradiated with wavelengths specific for activation of the cmo5U nucleoside at position 34 in...

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A 1.8 kb Alternative Transcript from the Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Gene Encodes a Truncated form of the Receptor

Jill L. Reiter and Nita J. Maihle.

in Nucleic Acids Research

October 1996; p ublished online October 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 4492 words.

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is encoded by the c-erbB1 proto-oncogene and plays an important role in the control of cell growth and differentiation. To study the potential...

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A 21‐amino acid peptide from the cysteine cluster II of the family D DNA polymerase from Pyrococcus horikoshii stimulates its nuclease activity which is Mre11‐like and prefers manganese ion as the cofactor

Yulong Shen, Xiao‐Feng Tang, Hideshi Yokoyama, Eriko Matsui and Ikuo Matsui.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 2004; p ublished online January 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7265 words.

Family D DNA polymerase (PolD) is a new type of DNA polymerase possessing polymerization and 3′–5′ exonuclease activities. Here we report the characterization of the nuclease activity of...

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A 21st Century Paradigm for Evaluating the Health Hazards of Nanoscale Materials?

Nigel J. Walker and John R. Bucher.

in Toxicological Sciences

August 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 2385 words.

Over the past 5 years we have seen an increase in the attention focused on the assessment of the potential health risk posed by nanoscale materials. The diversity of these materials with...

A 2,2′-bipyridine ligand for incorporation into oligodeoxynucleotides: Synthesis, stability and fluorescence properties of ruthenium—DNA complexes

Kristin Wiederholt and Larry W. McLaughlin.

in Nucleic Acids Research

January 1999; p ublished online January 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Chemistry; Biochemistry; Bioinformatics and Computational Biology; Genetics and Genomics; Molecular and Cell Biology. 4768 words.

A non-nucleoside linker based upon the ligand 2,2′-bipyridine and ethylene glycol is prepared and placed into the backbone of a number of oligonucleo-tides. The bipyridine ligand is reacted...

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A 2.3 A resolution structure of chymosin complexed with a reduced bond inhibitor shows that the active site beta-hairpin flap is rearranged when compared with the native crystal structure.

M R Groves, V Dhanaraj, M Badasso, P Nugent, J E Pitts, D J Hoover and T L Blundell.

in Protein Engineering, Design and Selection

October 1998; p ublished online October 1998 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Proteins. 0 words.

In the crystal structure of uncomplexed native chymosin, the beta-hairpin at the active site, known as 'the flap', adopts a different conformation from that of other aspartic proteinases....

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A 260-kDa Filamin/ABP-Related Protein in Chicken Gizzard Smooth Muscle Cells Is a New Component of the Dense Plaques and Dense Bodies of Smooth Muscle

Masaji Tachikawa, Hiroyuki Nakagawa, Asako G. Terasaki, Hajime Mori and Kazuyo Ohashi.

in The Journal of Biochemistry

August 1997; p ublished online August 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biochemistry. 0 words.

A 260-kDa protein, termed cgABP260, which localized in the dense plaques and dense bodies of smooth muscle cells, was found in a low-salt alkaline extract of chicken gizzard smooth muscle....

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A 28-Day Oral Dose Toxicity Study Enhanced to Detect Endocrine Effects of Hexabromocyclododecane in Wistar Rats

Leo T. M. van der Ven, Aart Verhoef, Ton van de Kuil, Wout Slob, Pim E. G. Leonards, Theo J. Visser, Timo Hamers, Maria Herlin, Helen Håkansson, Hanna Olausson, Aldert H. Piersma and Josephus G. Vos.

in Toxicological Sciences

December 2006; p ublished online September 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 8809 words.

A 28-day repeated dose study in rats (OECD407) enhanced for endocrine and immune parameters was performed with hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD). Rats were exposed by daily gavage to HBCD...

A 2-Year Comparison Study of Crl:CD BR and Hsd:Sprague-Dawley SD Rats

JOHN C. PETTERSEN, ROBERT L. MORRISSEY, DONALD R. SAUNDERS, KENNETH L. PAVKOV, LOUIS G. LUEMPERT, JOHN C. TURNIER, DALE W. MATHESON and DANIEL R. SCHWARTZ.

in Toxicological Sciences

October 1996; p ublished online October 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Medical Toxicology; Toxicology (Non-medical). 0 words.

In this 2-year study, the suitability of the Hsd:Sprague-Dawley SD (SD) as a replacement for the Crl:CD BR (CD) rat was assessed by comparing survival rates, palpable mass incidence, body...

A 31-kDa Recombinant Fibronectin Cell-Binding Domain Fragment: Its Binding to Receptor, Cell Adhesive Activity, and Fusion Proteins

Kimikazu Hashino, Yasuko Uemori, Fusao Kimizuka, Ikunoshin Kato and Koiti Titanif.

in The Journal of Biochemistry

April 1996; p ublished online April 1996 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Biochemistry. 0 words.

The binding of fibronectin to fibronectin receptor was studied using a recombinant 31-kDa cell-binding domain fragment of fibronectin (C279), which consisted of three type HI repeats (Ill8-...

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