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A “Developmental Hourglass” in Fungi

Xuanjin Cheng, Jerome Ho Lam Hui, Yung Yung Lee, Patrick Tik Wan Law and Hoi Shan Kwan.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

June 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6303 words.

The “developmental hourglass” concept suggests that intermediate developmental stages are most resistant to evolutionary changes and that differences between species arise through...

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A “Long Indel” Model For Evolutionary Sequence Alignment

I. Miklós, G. A. Lunter and I. Holmes.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

March 2004; p ublished online March 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 8035 words.

We present a new probabilistic model of sequence evolution, allowing indels of arbitrary length, and give sequence alignment algorithms for our model. Previously implemented evolutionary...

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A 15-Myr-Old Genetic Bottleneck

Timothy Paape, Boris Igic, Stacey D. Smith, Richard Olmstead, Lynn Bohs and Joshua R. Kohn.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

April 2008; p ublished online January 2008 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6276 words.

Balancing selection preserves variation at the self-incompatibility locus (S-locus) of flowering plants for tens of millions of years, making it possible to detect demographic events that...

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A 39-kb Sequence Around a Blackbird Mhc Class II Gene: Ghost of Selection Past and Songbird Genome Architecture

Scott V. Edwards, Joe Gasper, Daniel Garrigan, Duane Martindale and Ben F. Koop.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

September 2000; p ublished online September 2000 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 9014 words.

To gain an understanding of the evolution and genomic context of avian major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) genes, we sequenced a 38.8-kb Mhc-bearing cosmid insert from a red-winged...

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Aberrant Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor as a Signature of Natural Selection

Haley Hunter-Zinck and Andrew G. Clark.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

October 2015; p ublished online June 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7217 words.

Natural selection inference methods often target one mode of selection of a particular age and strength. However, detecting multiple modes simultaneously, or with atypical representations,...

The ability to form intrastrand tetraplexes is an evolutionarily conserved feature of the 3' end of L1 retrotransposons.

R Howell and K Usdin.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 1997; p ublished online February 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 0 words.

Mammalian genomes contain many thousands of members of a family of retrotransponsons known as L1 (or LINE-1) elements. These elements lack long terminal repeats (LTRs), and are thought to...

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About the Cover: 1859 and All That

Dan Graur.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

May 2009; p ublished online May 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 513 words.

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Abundant Raw Material for Cis-Regulatory Evolution in Humans

Matthew V. Rockman and Gregory A. Wray.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

November 2002; p ublished online November 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 10426 words.

Changes in gene expression and regulation—due in particular to the evolution of cis-regulatory DNA sequences—may underlie many evolutionary changes in phenotypes, yet little is known about...

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Accelerated Diversification of Nonhuman Primate Malarias in Southeast Asia: Adaptive Radiation or Geographic Speciation?

Michael P. Muehlenbein, M. Andreína Pacheco, Jesse E. Taylor, Sean P. Prall, Laurentius Ambu, Senthilvel Nathan, Sylvia Alsisto, Diana Ramirez and Ananias A. Escalante.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2015; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 11364 words.

Although parasitic organisms are found worldwide, the relative importance of host specificity and geographic isolation for parasite speciation has been explored in only a few systems. Here,...

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Accelerated Evolution and Functional Divergence of the DimLight Visual Pigment Accompanies Cichlid Colonization ofCentral America

Frances E. Hauser, Katriina L. Ilves, Ryan K. Schott, Gianni M. Castiglione, Hernán López-Fernández and Belinda S.W. Chang.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

October 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 10306 words.

Abstract

Cichlids encompass one of the most diverse groups of fishes in South and Central America, and show extensive variation in life history, morphology,...

Accelerated Evolution and Loss of a Domain of the Sperm–Egg–Binding Protein SED1 in Ancestral Primates

Ondrej Podlaha, David M. Webb and Jianzhi Zhang.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

October 2006; p ublished online July 2006 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 2475 words.

Proteins involved in sperm–egg binding have been shown to evolve rapidly in several groups of invertebrates and vertebrates. Mammalian SED1 (secreted protein containing N-terminal Notch-like...

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Accelerated Evolution of CES7, a Gene Encoding a Novel Major Urinary Protein in the Cat Family

Gang Li, Jan E. Janecka and William J. Murphy.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2011; p ublished online October 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6234 words.

Cauxin is a novel urinary protein recently identified in the domestic cat that regulates the excretion of felinine, a pheromone precursor involved in sociochemical communication and...

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Accelerated Evolution of Enhancer Hotspots in the Mammal Ancestor

Alisha K. Holloway, Benoit G. Bruneau, Tatyana Sukonnik, John L. Rubenstein and Katherine S. Pollard.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

April 2016; p ublished online December 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 6459 words.

Mammals have evolved remarkably different sensory, reproductive, metabolic, and skeletal systems. To explore the genetic basis for these differences, we developed a comparative genomics...

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Accelerated Evolution of Functional Plastid rRNA and Elongation Factor Genes Due to Reduced Protein Synthetic Load After the Loss of Photosynthesis in the Chlorophyte Alga Polytoma

Dawne Vernon, Robin R. Gutell, Jamie J. Cannone, Robert W. Rumpf and C. William Birky Jr.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

September 2001; p ublished online September 2001 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 9972 words.

Polytoma obtusum and Polytoma uvella are members of a clade of nonphotosynthetic chlorophyte algae closely related to Chlamydomonas humicola and other photosynthetic members of...

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Accelerated Evolution of Innate Immunity Proteins in Social Insects: Adaptive Evolution or Relaxed Constraint?

Brock A. Harpur and Amro Zayed.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

July 2013; p ublished online March 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7293 words.

The genomes of eusocial insects have a reduced complement of immune genes—an unusual finding considering that sociality provides ideal conditions for disease transmission. The following...

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Accelerated Evolution of Morph-Biased Genes in Pea Aphids

Swapna R. Purandare, Ryan D. Bickel, Julie Jaquiery, Claude Rispe and Jennifer A. Brisson.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

August 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7760 words.

Phenotypic plasticity, the production of alternative phenotypes (or morphs) from the same genotype due to environmental factors, results in some genes being expressed in a morph-biased...

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Accelerated Evolution of PAK3- and PIM1-like Kinase Gene Families in the Zebra Finch, Taeniopygia guttata

Lesheng Kong, Peter V. Lovell, Andreas Heger, Claudio V. Mello and Chris P. Ponting.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

August 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7932 words.

Genes encoding protein kinases tend to evolve slowly over evolutionary time, and only rarely do they appear as recent duplications in sequenced vertebrate genomes. Consequently, it was a...

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Accelerated Evolution of Sex Chromosomes in Aphids, an X0 System

Julie Jaquiéry, Solenn Stoeckel, Claude Rispe, Lucie Mieuzet, Fabrice Legeai and Jean-Christophe Simon.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

February 2012; p ublished online October 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 7265 words.

Sex chromosomes play a role in many important biological processes, including sex determination, genomic conflicts, imprinting, and speciation. In particular, they exhibit several unusual...

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Accelerated evolution of sites undergoing mRNA editing in plant mitochondria and chloroplasts.

D C Shields and K H Wolfe.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

March 1997; p ublished online March 1997 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 0 words.

The selective constraints influencing mRNA editing in plant organelles are largely unknown. To investigate these, we compared patterns of editing between monocot and dicot mitochondrial...

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Accelerated Evolution of the Surface Amino Acids in the WD-Repeat Domain Encoded by the hagoromo Gene in an Explosively Speciated Lineage of East African Cichlid Fishes

Yohey Terai, Naoko Morikawa, Koichi Kawakami and Norihiro Okada.

in Molecular Biology and Evolution

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Evolutionary Biology; Molecular and Cell Biology. 3254 words.

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