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Development of the Nervous System x clear all

ALS caregiver quality of life and psychological implications

Peggy Z. Shipley.

in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

February 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Development of the Nervous System. 6981 words.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) impacts greatly not only those who have the disease, but also family caregivers who provide the majority of care for their loved ones throughout the ALS...

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Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Edited by Francesco Pagnini and Zachary Simmons.

February 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Neurology; Development of the Nervous System. 300 pages.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Understanding and optimizing quality of life and psychological well-being presents a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the enhancement of...

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Animal models of post-traumatic stress disorder

Lisa Heltzel and Judith R Homberg.

in Genes, brain, and emotions

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Disorders of the Nervous System. 10724 words.

Fear learning and memory allows organisms to respond adaptively to cues and contexts that are associated with danger upon a future encounter. Sometimes fear responses go awry, leading to an...

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Annelid Vision

Cynthia M. Harley and Mark K. Asplen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Sensory and Motor Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10096 words.

Annelid worms are simultaneously an interesting and difficult model system for understanding the evolution of animal vision. On the one hand, a wide variety of photoreceptor cells and eye...

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Antennal Lobe of the Honeybee

Randolf Menzel and Jürgen Rybak.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 2315 words.

In the honeybee chemoreceptors of the antenna converge in approximately 160 glomeruli in the antennal lobe (AL) and feed a network of local interneurons and projection neurons. The latter...

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Barrel Cortex

Karel Svoboda, Bryan M. Hooks and Gordon M. G. Shepherd.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 2655 words.

Rodents actively move their whiskers to gather tactile information about their environment. The array of whiskers on the snout is somatotopically mapped onto an array of cortical columns in...

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The Basic Vertebrate Plan

Larry W. Swanson.

in Brain Architecture

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 7617 words.

Vertebrates have a basic body plan (bauplan) that includes a notochord, a central nervous system dorsal to the notochord, and a digestive system with a series of pharyngeal arches for...

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The Behavioral State System

Larry W. Swanson.

in Brain Architecture

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 5228 words.

The sleep-wake cycle is the primary organizer of behavior in all but the simplest animals, and there are well-defined stages of sleep and different levels of arousal during wakefulness. The...

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Brain and Behavior

Larry W. Swanson.

in Brain Architecture

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 4754 words.

The first part of the book deals with the nervous system's basic divisions, which are especially important for describing location or position in the same sense as geographical information....

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Brain Architecture

Larry W. Swanson.

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 352 pages.

This resource discusses how the brain works with regards to how it generates our thoughts and feelings, directs our voluntary interactions with the environment, and coordinates all of the...

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Bulbar dysfunction in ALS: Psychological implications

Jashelle Caga and Matthew C. Kiernan.

in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

February 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Development of the Nervous System. 5602 words.

Bulbar dysfunction typically manifests as speech and swallowing impairment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Timely assessment of changes in speech and swallowing is imperative, given...

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Canonical Cortical Circuits

Rodney J. Douglas and Kevan A. C. Martin.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 2972 words.

This chapter focuses on recent experimental and theoretical considerations of the cortical circuits, which suggest that local circuits of cortical neurons are connected in a series of...

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Causes of distress-induced emotional eating

Tatjana van Strien.

in Genes, brain, and emotions

April 2019; p ublished online June 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Disorders of the Nervous System. 6873 words.

Distress is associated with both increased and decreased food intake, with eating less being the typical and predominant response. Distress is normally associated with physiological...

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Centralization and Symmetry

Larry W. Swanson.

in Brain Architecture

August 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 3278 words.

This chapter examines the evolution of the nervous system in bilaterally symmetrical invertebrates, beginning with flatworms that are freely swimming predators. In these animals the nervous...

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Cephalochordate Nervous System

Simona Candiani and Mario Pestarino.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System; Molecular and Cellular Systems; Invertebrate Neurobiology. 10868 words.

The central and peripheral nervous systems of amphioxus adults and larvae are characterized by morphofunctional features relevant to understanding the origins and evolutionary history of...

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Cerebellar Cortex

Masao Ito.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 2395 words.

The cerebellar cortex contains ten distinct types of neuronal element arranged with geometrical beauty. The major signal flow pathway consists forward connections through mossy fibers,...

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The Circuit for Chemotaxis and Exploratory Behavior in C. elegans

Cornelia I. Bargmann.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 1899 words.

The C. elegans nervous system presents an unusual situation in which neuroanatomical connections are extremely well defined, but the understanding of neuronal activity is fragmentary. One C...

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Cochlea

Peter Dallos.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 1001 words.

This chapter discusses the microcircuitry of the cochlea. The most significant microcircuits of the mammalian cochlea are very different from all others in the nervous system in that they...

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Cochlear Nucleus

Eric D. Young and Donata Oertel.

in Handbook of Brain Microcircuits

August 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Development of the Nervous System. 3606 words.

Neuronal circuits in the brainstem convert the output of the ear, which carries the acoustic properties of ongoing sound, to a representation of the acoustic environment that can be used by...

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Cognitive and behavioural dysfunction in ALS and its assessment

Sharon Abrahams and Christopher Crockford.

in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

February 2018; p ublished online February 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Development of the Nervous System. 11276 words.

Cognitive and behavioural dysfunction in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) occurs in up to half of patients with a spectrum from ALS with no cognitive or behavioural impairment to ALS...

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