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Anderson, John August

Ronald S. Brashear.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 1194 words.

Anderson, John August (07 August 1876–02 December 1959), physicist, was born in Rollag, Minnesota, the son of Brede Anderson and Ellen Martha Berg, farmers. Anderson received his B.S. in...

Bond, William Cranch

Carlene E. Stephens.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 989 words.

Bond, William Cranch (09 September 1789–29 January 1859), clockmaker and astronomer, was born in Falmouth (now Portland), Maine, the son of Cornish immigrant William Bond, a silversmith and...

Burch, Cecil Reginald [Bill] (1901–1983), physicist and engineer

Mary Croarken.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 1147 words.

Burch, Cecil Reginald [Bill] (1901–1983), physicist and engineer, was born at 2 Museum Road, Oxford, on 12 May 1901, the fifth child of George James Burch (1852–1914) and his wife,...

Cockayne, David John Hugh (1942–2010), electron microscopist

Adrian Sutton.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Physics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 1064 words.

Cockayne, David John Hugh (1942–2010), electron microscopist, was born on 19 March 1942 at 90 Boundaries Road, Balham, London, the elder son and second of three children of John Henry...

Cockcroft, Sir John Douglas (1897–1967), physicist and engineer

T. E. Allibone.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 2804 words.

Cockcroft, Sir John Douglas (1897–1967), physicist and engineer, was born on 27 May 1897 at 154 Halifax Road, Langfield, Yorkshire, the first of five sons. The Cockcrofts had been involved...

Eccles, William Henry (1875–1966), physicist and engineer

J. A. Ratcliffe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 1234 words.

Eccles, William Henry (1875–1966), physicist and engineer, was born on 23 August 1875 at 2 Buccluch St, Barrow in Furness, Lancashire, the son of Charles Eccles, a blacksmith and later an...

Eckersley, Thomas Lydwell (1886–1959), theoretical physicist and engineer

J. A. Ratcliffe.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 987 words.

Eckersley, Thomas Lydwell (1886–1959), theoretical physicist and engineer, was born at 4 Marlborough Place, Marylebone, London, on 27 December 1886, the second son of (William) Alfred...

Kratzer, Nicolaus (b. 1486/7, d. after 1550), astronomer and maker of scientific instruments

Günther Oestmann.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 1254 words.

Kratzer, Nicolaus (b. 1486/7, d. after 1550), astronomer and maker of scientific instruments, was born in Munich, probably the son of a saw smith, named Hans. The date of his birth can only...

Newall, Robert Stirling (1812–1889), engineer and astronomer

A. M. Clerke.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Engineering (General). 1009 words.

Newall, Robert Stirling (1812–1889), engineer and astronomer, was born at Dundee on 27 May 1812, the son of Walter Newall, merchant, and his wife, Janet Hair. He started work in a...

Parsons, Laurence, fourth earl of Rosse (1840–1908), astronomer and engineer

I. Elliott.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Engineering (General). 1596 words.

Parsons, Laurence, fourth earl of Rosse (1840–1908), astronomer and engineer, was born on 17 November 1840 at Birr Castle, Parsonstown (Birr), King's county, Ireland, the eldest of the four...

Petavel, Sir Joseph Ernest (1873–1936), engineer and physicist

R. Robertson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 674 words.

Petavel, Sir Joseph Ernest (1873–1936), engineer and physicist, was born in London on 14 August 1873, the younger son of Emmanuel Petavel DD and his wife, Susanna, daughter of William...

Reynolds, Osborne (1842–1912), engineer and physicist

Horace Lamb.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 937 words.

Reynolds, Osborne (1842–1912), engineer and physicist, was born on 23 August 1842 at Belfast, the son of the Revd Osborne Reynolds and Jane Hickman. The elder Reynolds was a wrangler in...

Rittenhouse, David

Silvio A. Bedini.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering; Mathematics. 2346 words.

Rittenhouse, David (08 April 1732–26 June 1796), astronomer, mathematician, and maker of mathematical instruments, was born at Paper Mill Run near Germantown, Pennsylvania, the son of...

Rittenhouse, David (1732–1796), instrument maker and astronomer

Whitfield J. Bell, Jr.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 1313 words.

Rittenhouse, David (1732–1796), instrument maker and astronomer, was born on 8 April 1732 at Paper Mill Run, near Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the second of ten children of...

Ross, Frank Elmore

Donald E. Osterbrock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 1356 words.

Ross, Frank Elmore (02 April 1874–21 September 1960), astronomer and optical designer, was born in San Francisco, California, the son of Daniel Webster Ross, a building contractor, and...

Taylor, Sir Geoffrey Ingram (1886–1975), physicist and engineer

G. K. Batchelor.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Engineering (General); Physics. 1151 words.

Taylor, Sir Geoffrey Ingram (1886–1975), physicist and engineer, was born on 7 March 1886 at 10 Blenheim Villas, St John's Wood, London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Edward...

Whitelaw, James Hunter (1936–2006), engineer

Peter Lindstedt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering; Physics. 802 words.

Whitelaw, James Hunter (1936–2006), engineer, was born on 28 January 1936 at 87 Stewart Crescent, Newmains, near Wishaw, Lanarkshire, the only child of James Whitelaw, a clerk in an...