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You are looking at 1-20 of 911 items for:

Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics x clear all

Ab Initio Methods

Anthony J. Stone.

in The Theory of Intermolecular Forces

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 15164 words.

The calculation of molecular properties ab initio-—that is, from Schrödinger's equation, without using empirical informationis essential for turning the formulae of the basic theory into...

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About the identification of signals at LHC

Bruno Mansoulié.

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC

January 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 6432 words.

This chapter describes the main ingredients and steps of the analysis used in the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying into WW (l‎, l‎, νν‎) in the ATLAS experiment. It...

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Absorption and refraction in an electric field

P. K. Basu.

in Theory of Optical Processes in Semiconductors

January 2003; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 7310 words.

This chapter first discusses linear and quadratic electro-optic effects in semiconductors using an oscillator model. The Franz–Kledysh effect is then discussed first by neglecting...

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The absorption and stimulated emission of radiation

Alan Corney.

in Atomic and Laser Spectroscopy

October 2006; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 5659 words.

Starting from the absorption of radiation by a classical electron oscillator, Einstein's A and B coefficients for spontaneous and stimulated transitions are introduced. Stimulated...

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Acceleration and longitudinal motion

J. B. Rosenzweig.

in Fundamentals of Beam Physics

September 2003; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 12537 words.

This chapter explains that the acceleration of charged particles based on their interaction with a single travelling electromagnetic wave serves as a powerful model problem for developing...

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Accelerator technology I: magnetostatic devices

J. B. Rosenzweig.

in Fundamentals of Beam Physics

September 2003; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 7146 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the physics and engineering principles behind the types of magnets used in accelerators and beam transport lines. These types of magnets are: magnets...

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Accelerator technology II: waveguides and cavities

J. B. Rosenzweig.

in Fundamentals of Beam Physics

September 2003; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 17060 words.

This chapter surveys aspects of electromagnetic fields inside of regions bounded by conductors, in scenarios of relevance to accelerator technology. It explains that the discussion was...

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Adding angular momenta

Efstratios Manousakis.

in Practical Quantum Mechanics

November 2015; p ublished online December 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 4606 words.

This chapter discusses addition of angular momentum. This implies that it discusses how to build eigenstates of the total angular momentum and its projection from eigenstates of the...

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AdS crunches, CFT falls, and cosmological complexity

Barbón José Luis and Rabinovici Eliezer.

in Theoretical Physics to Face the Challenge of LHC

January 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 14337 words.

This chapter discusses the holographic description of crunching AdS cosmologies. Crunching FRW models with hyperbolic spatial sections are dual to semiclassical condensates in deformed de...

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Advanced Mechanics

S. G. Rajeev.

July 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 184 pages.

This book begins with the ancient parts of classical mechanics: the variational principle, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms, and Poisson brackets. The simple pendulum provides a...

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AFM image artefacts

Peter Eaton and Paul West.

in Atomic Force Microscopy

March 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 5689 words.

AFM, like any other measurement technique, is prone to artefacts. These can arise due to the AFM probe, the scanner, the instrument electronics, from the laboratory environment, or from...

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AFM image processing and analysis

Peter Eaton and Paul West.

in Atomic Force Microscopy

March 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 7953 words.

This chapter describes procedures for image processing, display and analysis. AFM data is particularly suitable for further processing and analysis, and has some particular requirements,...

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AFM instrumentation

Peter Eaton and Paul West.

in Atomic Force Microscopy

March 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 15676 words.

This chapter describes the design of modern AFM instruments in detail. It shows both how the instruments are built, and how they work. There are descriptions of the mechanical, electronic,...

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AFM modes

Peter Eaton and Paul West.

in Atomic Force Microscopy

March 2010; p ublished online May 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 13232 words.

The many different imaging modes and experiment types that modern AFMs can carry out explain its popularity. They transform a high‐resolution microscope into a versatile measurements tool...

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Albert Michelson and the Aether Wind

John C. H. Spence.

in Lightspeed

October 2019; p ublished online October 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics; History of Physics. 12821 words.

The life of the gifted American scientist who devoted his life to detection of the Aether wind which the Earth should be moving through, and to the measurement of the speed of light. The...

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Alkali atoms and laser cooling

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani.

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

September 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 16764 words.

This chapter starts with the spectrum of alkali atoms, which have a very similar electronic structure to hydrogen. It describes the hyperfine structure of alkali atoms in the context of the...

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Alkaline‐earth atoms and ions

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani.

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

September 2013; p ublished online December 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 16824 words.

This chapter starts with the description of alkaline-earth atoms, which feature the same two-electron structure as helium. These atoms are of utmost importance in frontier atomic physics,...

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Analog and Digital Photography

Tadaaki Tani.

in Photographic Science

August 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 6850 words.

The analysis of the present state of color films as a representative of analogue photography is followed by its comparison with that of digital photography with CCD and CMOS as sensors....

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The Analogical Turn (1884–1887)

Olivier Darrigol.

in Atoms, Mechanics, and Probability

February 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics; History of Science and Technology. 22734 words.

This chapter recounts how Boltzmann reacted to Hermann Helmholtz’s analogy between thermodynamic systems and a special kind of mechanical system (the “monocyclic systems”) by grouping all...

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Analytical Mechanics for Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Oliver Johns.

May 2011; p ublished online December 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 656 pages.

This book provides an innovative and mathematically sound treatment of the foundations of analytical mechanics, and of the relation of classical mechanics to relativity and quantum theory....

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