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Condensed Matter Physics x clear all

A-15 superconductors

A.V. Narlikar.

in Superconductors

April 2014; p ublished online June 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 5638 words.

This chapter describes the prominent characteristics of A-15 superconductors, which constitute the second generation of low-temperature conductors, extensively used to supplement and boost...

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Ab initio structure solution

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard.

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

October 2008; p ublished online January 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 24826 words.

This chapter describes general approaches to the ab initio solution of crystal structures from X-ray or neutron powder diffraction data. The steps in the process, unit cell determination...

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THE ABSOLUTE POSITION OF EQUILIBRIA

C. N. Hinshelwood.

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

October 2005; p ublished online September 2007 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 12706 words.

This chapter discusses the state of equilibria. Topics covered include quantum statistics, absolute calculation of equilibria, absolute entropy of a monatomic gas, factors determining the...

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Acid–Base Equilibria and Salt Formation

Brian G. Cox.

in Acids and Bases

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 5352 words.

Acid–base equilibria involving salt formation and the generation of reactive intermediates, such as enolates, are discussed. The absence of the solvated proton in the equilibria means that,...

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Acid–Base Equilibria: Quantitative Treatment

Brian G. Cox.

in Acids and Bases

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 4051 words.

Quantitative treatment of acid–base behaviour is presented, including the definition of acids, bases, and dissociation constants, and the important relationships between solution pH, acid...

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Acids and Bases

Brian G. Cox.

January 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Book. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 160 pages.

Acids and bases are ubiquitous in chemistry. Our understanding of them, however, is dominated by their behaviour in water. Transfer to non-aqueous solvents leads to profound changes in...

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Acoustic and temperature waves

E. R. DOBBS.

in Helium Three

May 2001; p ublished online January 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 7932 words.

This chapter examines 3He-4He mixtures with acoustic and temperature waves. Topics discussed include first sound, velocity of second sound, attenuation of second sound, oscillating...

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Acoustic Microscopy

Andrew Briggs and Oleg Kolosov.

September 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Book. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 384 pages.

Acoustic microscopy enables you to image and measure the elastic properties of materials with the resolution of a good microscope. By using frequencies in the microwave range, it is...

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Acoustic Modes

B. K. Ridley.

in Hybrid Phonons in Nanostructures

February 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 3409 words.

This chapter provides a classical account of the elasticity theory of acoustic modes in the diamond lattice. It contains the mathematical definitions of stress and strain and their mutual...

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Acoustically excited probe microscopy

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov.

in Acoustic Microscopy

September 2009; p ublished online February 2010 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 10940 words.

Valiant attempts were made to increase the resolution of acoustic microscopy by employing ever higher frequencies and ever less attenuating coupling fluids. But this did not prove the...

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ACOUSTICALLY INDUCED SUPERLATTICES: FROM PHOTONS AND ELECTRONS TO EXCITONS, TO-PHONONS AND POLARITONS

A. L. Ivanov.

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics

December 2007; p ublished online May 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 10084 words.

This chapter reviews the recently proposed concept of resonant acousto-optics, when interaction between the light and acoustic waves is mediated and strongly enhanced by the polarization...

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THE ACOUSTIC-WAVE DRIVEN QUANTUM PROCESSOR

C. H. W. Barnes and M. Pepper.

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics

December 2007; p ublished online May 2008 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 3443 words.

This chapter reviews the use of surface acoustic waves (SAWs) in an electron-spin based quantum state processor. A SAW-induced electric current of discrete single or controllable numbers of...

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Active region design

Jérôme Faist.

in Quantum Cascade Lasers

March 2013; p ublished online May 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 14126 words.

A laser based on intersubband transitions benefits from many interesting features of this system. As a detector, it is based on an optical transition with high oscillator strength that can...

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Advanced Ferroelectricity

Robert Blinc.

August 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Book. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 288 pages.

The field of ferroelectricity has greatly expanded and changed recently. In addition to classical organic and inorganic ferroelectrics as well as composite ferroelectrics new fields and...

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Advanced hydraulics with SPH

D. Violeau.

in Fluid Mechanics and the SPH Method

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 40940 words.

Second-order derivatives in SPH are presented and their properties are studied. Discrete viscous forces are then introduced, and dissipation of energy is studied. Other fluid motion...

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Advanced modes of piezoresponse force microscopy for ferroelectric nanostructures

A. Gruverman.

in Multifunctional Oxide Heterostructures

August 2012; p ublished online January 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 8863 words.

The rapid development of ferroelectric-based devices with reduced dimensions has generated a strong need for extensive investigation of the size effects in these materials. This chapter...

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Advanced photonic and nanophotonic devices

Jean-Yves Duboz.

in III-Nitride Semiconductors and their Modern Devices

August 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 15593 words.

GaN materials are currently reaching a maturity which allows them to be used for many exploratory fundamental thematics and applications. Progress in the field of polariton lasers and...

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Advanced RLB models

Sauro Succi.

in The Lattice Boltzmann Equation

April 2018; p ublished online June 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Mathematical and Statistical Physics; Condensed Matter Physics. 7878 words.

The relativistic LB scheme described in Chapter 34 is based on the top-down approach and limited to weakly relativistic fluids. This chapter presents a systematic derivation of relativistic...

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Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Edited by John Banhart.

March 2008; p ublished online May 2008 .

Book. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 488 pages.

Tomography provides three-dimensional images of heterogeneous materials or engineering components, and offers an unprecedented insight into their internal structure. By using X-rays...

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Advanced Vehicle Modelling

David J. N. Limebeer and Matteo Massaro.

in Dynamics and Optimal Control of Road Vehicles

September 2018; p ublished online April 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Condensed Matter Physics. 36810 words.

The aim of this chapter is to discuss some of themodelling techniques used to replicate the important features of bicycle, car, motorcycle, and driver dynamics. These more ‘advanced’...

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