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Abel Smith, Col Richard Francis

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 135 words.

Born 11 Oct. 1933; s of Col Sir Henry Abel Smith, KCMG, KCVO, DSO and late Lady May Cambridge, o d of Earl of Athlone, KG, GCB, GCMG, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS and Princess Alice,...

Acland, Maj.-Gen. Sir John (Hugh Bevil)

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Military History; Warfare and Defence. 257 words.

KCB 1980; CBE 1978

Born 26 Nov. 1928; s of late Brig. Peter Acland, OBE, MC, TD and Bridget Susan Acland; m 1953, Myrtle Christian Euing, d of Brig. and Mrs Alastair...

Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1549 words.

Akroyd, Edward (1810–1887), industrialist and philanthropist, was born on 28 November 1810 at Brockholes, near Brookhouse, Ovenden, Halifax, the eldest of the ten children of Jonathan...

Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers

Frances Smith Foster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Biographical Studies. 914 words.

Albert, Octavia Victoria Rogers (24 December 1853–1890?), author and activist, was born in Oglethorpe, Georgia, the daughter of slaves. Details of her life are sketchy. Little is known of...

Altman, Benjamin

Dennis Wepman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Financial Aspects of Art; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1110 words.

Altman, Benjamin (12 July 1840–07 October 1913), merchant and art collector, was born in New York, New York, the son of Philip Altman, a dry goods merchant, and Cecilia (maiden name...

Archbold, John Dustin

Edward L. Lach, Jr..

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1152 words.

Archbold, John Dustin (26 July 1848–05 December 1916), oil industry executive and philanthropist, was born in Leesburg, Ohio, the son of Israel Archbold, a minister, and Frances Dana. His...

Ashton, Thomas (1818–1898), cotton manufacturer and philanthropist

Jane Bedford.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1032 words.

Ashton, Thomas (1818–1898), cotton manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 8 December 1818 at Flowery Fields House, Hyde, Cheshire, sixth child to Thomas Ashton (1775–1845) of Flowery...

Aske, Robert (1619–1689), silk merchant and benefactor

David Griffiths.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1350 words.

Aske, Robert (1619–1689), silk merchant and benefactor, was born on 24 February 1619, the son of Robert Aske of the parish of St Mary Woolchurch, London, and his second wife, Margery...

Atkinson, Edward

Gregory Kaster.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1154 words.

Atkinson, Edward (10 February 1827–11 December 1905), businessman and reformer, was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, the son of Amos Atkinson II, a merchant, and Anna Greenleaf Sawyer. He...

Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian

Christopher Hamlin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Construction; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building. 734 words.

Austin, Henry (1811/12–1861), civil engineer and sanitarian, was the son of William Austin, medical practitioner, of Bloomsbury Square, London. Two sisters and at least one brother survived...

Ayres, Alice (1859–1885), domestic servant and heroine

John Price.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History. 1207 words.

Ayres, Alice (1859–1885), domestic servant and heroine, was born in Isleworth, Middlesex, on 12 September 1859, the fourth daughter and seventh of ten children of John Ayres (1820–1889),...

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer

John G. Corina.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Industrial Chemistry; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1287 words.

Bader, Ernest (1890–1982), chemical manufacturer and industrial reformer, was born in Regensdorf, Switzerland, on 24 November 1890, the youngest of thirteen children of a protestant farmer,...

Bagley, Sarah George

Teresa Anne Murphy.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Medicine and Health. 1480 words.

Bagley, Sarah George (29 April 1806–?), millworker, reformer, and physician, was born in Candia, New Hampshire, the daughter of Nathan Bagley and Rhoda Witham, farmers.

Bagley grew...

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist

Arthur H. Grant.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1035 words.

Baird, James (1802–1876), ironmaster and philanthropist, was born at Kirkwood in Lanarkshire on 5 December 1802, the fourth son of Alexander Baird (d. 1833), farmer, and Jean, the daughter...

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector

Margaret Pelling.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Political Institutions; Public Administration; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Surgery. 598 words.

Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His...

Balfour, Comdr Colin James

in Who Was Who

P ublished online December 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History. 203 words.

RN; DL

Born 12 June 1924; s of late Maj. Melville Balfour, MC, Wintershill Hall, Hants and Margaret, (Daisy), Mary Balfour (née Lascelles); m 1949, Prudence...

Ball, Frank Clayton

Dwight Hoover.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 483 words.

Ball, Frank Clayton (24 November 1857–19 March 1943), businessman and philanthropist, was born at “Bascomb Farm” near Greensburg, Ohio, the son of Lucius Styles Ball, a farmer, and Maria...

Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer

John A. Hargreaves.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1060 words.

Balme, Matthew (1813–1884), factory reformer, was born in Tong, Yorkshire, on 8 July 1813, the third son of Francis Balme (1742–1819), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth West (d....

Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist

Tarnjit Birdi.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online February 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 2026 words.

Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist, was born at Westminster Hospital, London, on 1 May 1925, the only child of Louis Balmuth...

Bamberger, Louis

Susan Hamburger.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 1188 words.

Bamberger, Louis (15 May 1855–11 March 1944), merchant and philanthropist, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Elkan Bamberger, a wholesale notions merchant, and Theresa Hutzler....