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Adam Smith on markets, competition and violations of natural liberty

Heinz D. Kurz.

in Cambridge Journal of Economics

March 2016; p ublished online March 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: History of Economic Thought (to 1925); History of Economic Thought (1925 onwards); Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainy; Market Structure and Pricing; Economics; Financial Regulation. 12976 words.

According to Adam Smith, markets and trade are, in principle, good things—provided there is competition and a regulatory framework that prevents ruthless selfishness, greed and rapacity...

Adapt or die: institutional survival in the post-crisis world

Robert Pickel.

in Capital Markets Law Journal

April 2018; p ublished online March 2018 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Financial Regulation; Capital Markets; Derivatives. 7704 words.

Advance Disclosure of Insider Trading

Stephen L. Lenkey.

in The Review of Financial Studies

August 2014; p ublished online April 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economics; Financial Regulation. 12541 words.

Using a strategic rational expectations equilibrium framework, we show that forcing a well-informed insider to disclose her trades in advance tends to increase welfare for both the insider...

Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution

Francesco Daveri and Mika Maliranta.

in Economic Policy

January 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 22547 words.

The bad labour market performance of the workforce over 50 indicates that an aged workforce is often a burden for firms. Our paper seeks to investigate whether and why this is the case by...

Ageing and unused capacity in Europe: is there an early retirement trap?

Viola Angelini, Agar Brugiavini and Guglielmo Weber.

in Economic Policy

July 2009; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 16832 words.

We address the issue of how early retirement may interact with limited use of financial markets in producing financial hardship later in life, when some risks (such as long-term care) are...

Agency costs in law-firm selection: are companies under-spending on counsel?

Elisabeth de Fontenay.

in Capital Markets Law Journal

October 2016; p ublished online September 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Law; Financial Regulation; Capital Markets; Derivatives. 11949 words.

The Americanization of European football

Thomas Hoehn and Stefan Szymanski.

in Economic Policy

April 1999; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 0 words.

SUMMARY

European football The structure of leagues and revenue sharing

Will European football keep leagues open, or adopt the American system of...

Analysis of spreads in the dollar/euro and deutschemark/dollar foreign exchange markets

Charles Goodhart, Ryan Love, Richard Payne and Dagfinn Rime.

in Economic Policy

October 2002; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 6711 words.

Forex markets and the euro

Dollar spreads: mark versus euro

We compute bid-ask spreads for the dollar/euro exchange rate market and find them to be substantially larger...

Anatomy of employment growth

Pietro Garibaldi and Paolo Mauro.

in Economic Policy

April 2002; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 17626 words.

This paper studies net employment growth across 21 OECD economies since 1980, focusing on the wide range of experiences within the European Union. The initial composition of employment...

Are aid agencies improving?

William Easterly.

in Economic Policy

October 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 20235 words.

The record of the aid agencies over time seems to indicate weak evidence of progress in response to learning from experience, new knowledge, or changes in political climate. The few...

Are All the Sacred Cows Dead? Implications of the Financial Crisis for Macro- and Financial Policies

Aslı Demirgüç-Kunt and Luis Servén.

in The World Bank Research Observer

February 2010; p ublished online February 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economics; Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit; International Finance; Financial Regulation; Banking; Corporate Governance. 14710 words.

The recent global financial crisis has shaken the confidence of industrial and developing countries alike in the very blueprint of the financial and macropolicies that underlie the Western...

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Are bank capital ratios pro-cyclical? New evidence and perspectives

Michael Brei and Leonardo Gambacorta.

in Economic Policy

April 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles; Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit; Financial Regulation. 19898 words.

This paper analyses how the new Basel III leverage ratio and risk-weighted regulatory capital ratio behave over the cycle. The analysis proposes a set-up to test for the cyclical properties...

Are contributions to public pension programmes a tax on employment?

Richard Disney.

in Economic Policy

July 2004; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 17444 words.

Many studies describe the potentially adverse impact on employment of the payroll costs of financing public pension programmes. Conventionally, empirical studies treat contributions to...

Are Small Businesses Worthy of Financial Aid? Evidence from a French Targeted Credit Program

Laurent Bach.

in Review of Finance

July 2014; p ublished online June 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Regulation; Banking; Services. 16619 words.

We ask whether public financial aid reduces small businesses’ credit constraints. To answer the question, we analyze a policy of bank loans made from subsidized funds. Extensions of this...

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The arms trade

Paul Levine and Ron Smith.

in Economic Policy

October 1997; p ublished online November 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 0 words.

SUMMARY

The arms trade Winners and losers

The arms trade is highly controversial and raises difficult policy issues. The controversies tend to...

Assessing China's exchange rate regime

Jeffrey A. Frankel and Shang-Jin Wei.

in Economic Policy

July 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 20980 words.

The IMF Articles of Agreement forbid a country from manipulating its currency for unfair advantage. The US Treasury has been legally required since 1988 to report to Congress biannually...

Assessing TARP

Dinara Bayazitova and Anil Shivdasani.

in The Review of Financial Studies

February 2012; p ublished online November 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Financial Regulation; Banking. 14762 words.

We study the government equity infusions into banks under the Capital Purchase Program (CPP) of the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). Strong banks opted out of CPP, and equity infusions...

Assessing the fiscal stance in the European Union and the United States, 1970–2011

Vito Polito and Michael Wickens.

in Economic Policy

October 2011; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 18820 words.

The huge increases in debt-GDP ratios following the 2007–2009 global financial crisis, which are unprecedented except in times of war, has focused attention on the viability of the fiscal...

Austerity in 2009–13

Alberto Alesina, Omar Barbiero, Carlo Favero, Francesco Giavazzi and Matteo Paradisi.

in Economic Policy

July 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 21115 words.

The conventional wisdom is (i) that fiscal austerity was the main culprit for the recessions experienced by many countries, especially in Europe, since 2010 and (ii) that this round of...

Austria in the European Union: dynamic gains from integration and distributional implications

Christian Keuschnigg and Wilhelm Kohler.

in Economic Policy

April 1996; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 0 words.

Summary

Austria in the European Union

Dynamic gains from integration and distributional implications

This article proposes to measure the...