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A ‘new politics’ of austerity, workfare and gender? The UK coalition government's welfare reform proposals

Julie MacLeavy.

in Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society

November 2011; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Welfare and Poverty; Demographic Economics; Economic Methodology. 7714 words.

This paper considers the UK coalition government's austerity drive, which attempts to garner public support for the reduction or withdrawal of welfare entitlements through appeals to...

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Ability or Finances as Constraints on Entrepreneurship? Evidence from Survival Rates in a Natural Experiment

Steffen Andersen and Kasper Meisner Nielsen.

in The Review of Financial Studies

December 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Entrepreneurship; Business and Management. 11199 words.

We use a natural experiment in Denmark to test the hypothesis that aspiring entrepreneurs face financial constraints because of low entrepreneurial quality. We identify 304 constrained...

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Academic Opportunities Outside the Land Grant System: Exploring a Niche Market for Agricultural Economics Ph.D. Students

Jeffrey Hyde and Stephen B. Lovejoy.

in Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy

January 1999; p ublished online January 1999 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Particular Labour Markets. 0 words.

Ph.D. students in agricultural economics, like any other discipline, face great uncertainty when pursuing academic employment. This is particularly true for those who want to pursue a...

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Accountability and Flexibility in Public Schools: Evidence from Boston's Charters And Pilots

Atila Abdulkadiroğlu, Joshua D. Angrist, Susan M. Dynarski, Thomas J. Kane and Parag A. Pathak.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Education and Research Institutions. 13639 words.

We use student assignment lotteries to estimate the effect of charter school attendance on student achievement in Boston. We also evaluate a related alternative, Boston's pilot schools....

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Action Regulation Across the Adult Lifespan (ARAL): A Metatheory of Work and Aging

Hannes Zacher, Winfried Hacker and Michael Frese.

in Work, Aging and Retirement

July 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Labour and Demographic Economics; Gerontology and Ageing. 18855 words.

The goals of this article are to integrate action regulation theory (ART) with the lifespan developmental perspective and to outline tenets of a new metatheory of work and aging. The action...

Activities Matter: Personality and Resource Determinants of Activities and their Effect on Mental and Physical Well-being and Retirement Expectations

Margaret E Beier, W Jackeline Torres and Jacqueline M Gilberto.

in Work, Aging and Retirement

December 2017; p ublished online December 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Labour and Demographic Economics; Gerontology and Ageing. 9018 words.

Abstract

Remaining active throughout the lifespan is central to healthy aging. The current study tests a model derived from investment and resource theories...

Adam Smith and Marx

Spencer Pack.

in The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Economic History; Labour and Demographic Economics. 8279 words.

This chapter outlines Marx’s general attitude towards Smith. It argues that Marx was a close reader of The Wealth of Nations and that he generally admired Smith’s work. The chapter outlines...

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Adam Smith on Women

Maureen Harkin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith

May 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Economic History; Labour and Demographic Economics. 11108 words.

Women are largely absent from the economic system Smith lays out in The Wealth of Nations. This account of women in Smith thus focuses primarily on analysis of The Theory of...

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Addressing Gender-Based Violence: A Critical Review of Interventions

Andrew Morrison, Mary Ellsberg and Sarah Bott.

in The World Bank Research Observer

January 2007; p ublished online May 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Law and Economics; Economics of Health; Demographic Economics. 10477 words.

This article highlights the progress in building a knowledge base on effective ways to increase access to justice for women who have experienced gender-based violence, offer quality...

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Addressing the Gender Pay Gap in Ethiopia: How Crucial is the Quest for Education Parity?

Alexandre Kolev and Pablo Suárez Robles.

in Journal of African Economies

November 2010; p ublished online June 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Particular Labour Markets; Demographic Economics; Wages, Compensation, and Labour Costs; Labour Discrimination. 16340 words.

This paper uses the 2005 Ethiopian Labour Force Survey to analyse the gender pay gap in Ethiopia. A particular attention is drawn on the relative importance of education parity to mitigate...

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Adjustment Costs, Firm Responses, and Micro vs. Macro Labor Supply Elasticities: Evidence from Danish Tax Records

Raj Chetty, John N. Friedman, Tore Olsen and Luigi Pistaferri.

in The Quarterly Journal of Economics

May 2011; p ublished online May 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue. 17866 words.

We show that the effects of taxes on labor supply are shaped by interactions between adjustment costs for workers and hours constraints set by firms. We develop a model in which firms post...

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Adult Weight and Height of Native Populations

Asher Rosinger and Ricardo Godoy.

in The Oxford Handbook of Economics and Human Biology

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Labour and Demographic Economics; Health, Education, and Welfare. 8056 words.

Weight and height are critical indicators of short- and long-term human nutrition and health. This chapter reviews secular trends of weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) from studies...

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Affirmative Action Bans and the “Chilling Effect”

Kate L. Antonovics and Richard H. Sander.

in American Law and Economics Review

March 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Demographic Economics; Education and Research Institutions; Employment and Labour Law; Labour Discrimination. 15685 words.

This paper examines whether California's Proposition 209, which led to the 1998 ban on the use of racial preferences in admissions at the University of California (UC) system, lowered the...

Africa’s Demographic Transition and Economic Prospects

Jeffrey D. Sachs.

in The Oxford Handbook of Africa and Economics

July 2015; p ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Economic Development and Growth; Labour and Demographic Economics. 8602 words.

Sub-Saharan Africa’s opportunity to escape from poverty is real and opportune, but the delayed demographic transition to low mortality and low fertility poses a serious risk. Without a...

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Africa's Got Work To Do: A Diagnostic of Youth Employment Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa

Louise Fox and Alun Thomas.

in Journal of African Economies

March 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Demand and Supply of Labour; Economic Development; Economywide Country Studies. 9337 words.

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is not only the poorest region of the world, it is also the youngest. This realisation is fuelling concern about the youth employment challenge. However, these...

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Age and Performance Under Pressure

Harold O. Fried and Loren W. Tauer.

in The Oxford Handbook of Sports Economics

May 2012; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Industry Studies; Labour and Demographic Economics. 7859 words.

This article explores how well an individual manages his or her own talent to achieve high performance in an individual sport. Its setting is the Ladies Professional Golf Association...

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Age Compositional Shifts and Changing Intergenerational Transfers in Selected Asian Countries

Naohiro Ogawa.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Economics of the Pacific Rim

January 2014; p ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Economics; Labour and Demographic Economics. 7883 words.

This chapter examines the changes in demographics in selected Asian Pacific countries and traces the impacts of those changes for intergenerational transfers. It provides detailed...

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Age Metastereotyping and Cross-Age Workplace Interactions: A Meta View of Age Stereotypes at Work

Lisa M. Finkelstein, Eden B. King and Elora C. Voyles.

in Work, Aging and Retirement

January 2015; p ublished online December 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Business and Management; Human Resource Management; Organizational Theory and Behaviour; Labour and Demographic Economics; Gerontology and Ageing. 13774 words.

This paper advances the argument that fully understanding the dynamics of an increasingly age-diverse workforce requires the consideration not only of age stereotypes, but also of the...

Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution

Francesco Daveri and Mika Maliranta.

in Economic Policy

January 2007; p ublished online August 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity; Financial Regulation; Health, Education, and Welfare; Labour and Demographic Economics; Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Public Economics; Regional Government Analysis. 22547 words.

The bad labour market performance of the workforce over 50 indicates that an aged workforce is often a burden for firms. Our paper seeks to investigate whether and why this is the case by...

Ageing and the welfare state: securing sustainability

Volker Meier and Martin Werding.

in Oxford Review of Economic Policy

January 2010; p ublished online January 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: National Budget, Deficit, and Debt; Demographic Economics; National Government Expenditures and Related Policies. 8780 words.

Over the next four decades, increasing old-age dependency ratios will exert an enormous upward pressure on welfare spending in most developed countries. As this is mainly due to existing...

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