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Abbott, Grace

Julie Longo and Sandra F. VanBurkleo.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 1955 words.

Abbott, Grace (17 November 1878–19 June 1939), social worker and administrator, was born in Grand Island, Nebraska, the daughter of Othman Ali Abbott, a lawyer and politician, and Elizabeth...

Abzug, Bella

Edward L. Lach.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online June 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1223 words.

Abzug, Bella (24 July 1920–31 March 1998), lawyer, feminist leader, and U.S. representative, was born Bella Savitsky in the Bronx, New York, the daughter of Emmanuel Savitsky, butcher, and...

Albright, Horace Marden

Robert Cahn.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1204 words.

Albright, Horace Marden (06 January 1890–28 March 1987), park service director, was born in Bishop, California, the son of George Albright, a mining engineer, and Mary Marden. He graduated...

Alexander, Will Winton

Thomas Winter.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1340 words.

Alexander, Will Winton (15 July 1884–13 January 1956), leading southern liberal, expert on race relations, and member of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal administration, leading southern...

Altgeld, John Peter

Philip Ray VanderMeer.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1257 words.

Altgeld, John Peter (30 December 1847–12 March 1902), governor of Illinois and leader of midwestern reform forces in the 1890s, was born in Nieder Selters in Nassau, Germany, the son of...

Andrew, John Albion

James Brewer Stewart.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; State and Local Government; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Slavery and Abolition of Slavery. 1255 words.

Andrew, John Albion (31 May 1818–30 October 1867), reformer, antislavery advocate, and Civil War governor of Massachusetts, was born in Windham, Maine, the son of Jonathan Andrew, a farmer...

Barnard, Kate

Suzanne Jones Crawford.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics. 1060 words.

Barnard, Kate (23 May 1875–23 February 1930), Progressive reformer and politician, was born Catherine Anna Barnard in Alexandria, Nebraska, the daughter of John P. Barnard, a lawyer and...

Bass, Robert Perkins

Marc McClure.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; State and Local Government; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1373 words.

Bass, Robert Perkins (11 September 1873–29 July 1960), governor of New Hampshire, conservationist, and labor relations adviser, was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Perkins Bass, a...

Bayne, Thomas

Chandra M. Miller.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Dentistry; Medical Dentistry; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 1197 words.

Bayne, Thomas (1824–1889), dentist and politician, was born into slavery in North Carolina and was known as Samuel Nixon before his escape from bondage in 1855. He was sold several times...

Blair, Emily Newell

Susan M. Hartmann.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1206 words.

Blair, Emily Newell (09 January 1877–03 August 1951), feminist, politician, and writer, was born in Joplin, Missouri, the daughter of Anna Cynthia Gray and James Patton Newell, a mortgage...

Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust

Merlin Waterson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2017 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science). 1227 words.

Boles, Sir John Dennis [Jack] (1925–2013), colonial administrator and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 25 June 1925 at Stepney Tower Nursing Home, Southsea, Portsmouth,...

Boudinot, Elias

H. James Henderson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics. 1234 words.

Boudinot, Elias (02 May 1740–24 October 1821), statesman and philanthropist, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Elias Boudinot III, a silversmith and postmaster in...

Bundesen, Herman Niels

Roger Biles.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; US Politics; Medicine and Health. 717 words.

Bundesen, Herman Niels (27 April 1882–15 August 1960), physician, author, and politician, was born in Berlin, Germany, the son of a Danish father and a German mother whose identities are...

Bundy, McGeorge

Thomas W. Collins.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Politics; US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture. 3419 words.

Bundy, McGeorge (30 March 1919–16 September 1996), presidential foreign affairs adviser and philanthropist, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Harvey Hollister Bundy, a highly...

Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 848 words.

Buxton, Sir (Thomas) Fowell, third baronet (1837–1915), philanthropist, brewer, and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1837 at West Ham, Essex, the eldest of six sons of Sir Edward...

Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India

K. D. Reynolds.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1394 words.

Canning [née Stuart], Charlotte Elizabeth, Countess Canning (1817–1861), courtier and vicereine of India, was born at the British embassy in Paris on 31 March 1817, the elder of the two...

Cary, Lucius Bentinck, tenth Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), courtier and colonial governor

Roger T. Stearn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1814 words.

Cary, Lucius Bentinck, tenth Viscount Falkland (1803–1884), courtier and colonial governor, was born on 5 November 1803, the eldest of three sons of Charles John Cary, ninth Viscount...

Chapman, Oscar Littleton

Stuart L. Weiss.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics. 1086 words.

Chapman, Oscar Littleton (22 October 1896–06 February 1978), humanitarian, politician, and secretary of the interior, was born in Halifax County, Virginia, the son of James Jackson Chapman...

Clark, Peter Humphries

David A. Gerber.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Education. 1590 words.

Clark, Peter Humphries (1829–21 June 1925), educator, politician, and civil rights leader, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Michael Clark, a barber, and his wife (name unknown)....

Cocks, Arthur Herbert Tennyson Somers-, sixth Baron Somers (1887–1944), chief scout for Great Britain and the British Commonwealth and empire, and colonial governor

Astor of Hever.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Sports and Outdoor Recreation; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 960 words.

Cocks, Arthur Herbert Tennyson Somers-, sixth Baron Somers (1887–1944), chief scout for Great Britain and the British Commonwealth and empire, and colonial governor, was born at Freshwater,...