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Sport and Leisure x Sports and Exercise Medicine x clear all

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athleticism

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

Devotion to or emphasis on physical fitness. Athleticism and an enthusiasm for sporting activities was a component of so-called ‘muscular Christianity': a loosely knit movement at the end...

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callisthenics

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Systematic, rhythmic, light exercises, such as abdominal curls and push-ups, that utilize the weight of the body as resistance. Callisthenics are designed to tone and strengthen muscles,...

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civilizing process

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

The historical process by which people have acquired a greater capacity for controlling their emotions. Associated with the civilizing process has been a lower tolerance of anti-social...

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comeback

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

In sport, the relaunch of a sports career for a once-retired athlete.

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cultural diffusion

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A social process resulting in the transfer of beliefs, values, and social activities (e.g. games or sports) from one society to another.

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drill

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

1 A precise, well-defined motor skill practised repeatedly.

2 A pre-determined series of actions.

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encounter

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

Any meeting between two or more people in face-to-face interactions. Sporting competitions are made up of many such interactions.

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exercise physiology

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

A branch of physiology concerned with how the body adapts physiologically to the acute (short-term) stress of exercise or physical activity, and the chronic (long-term) stress of physical...

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fitness test

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A test usually conducted to assess the level of physical fitness, for example, of an athlete during rehabilitation from an injury. Fitness has several components; therefore, there is no...

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force platform

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

A device that measures the magnitude and direction of forces between a person and the ground. Force platforms are typically built flush to the floor.

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inner game

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

The cognitive processes (thoughts, positive and negative) that take place during a game. Special mental strategies, so-called ‘inner game’ techniques, have been devised to enable an athlete...

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ludic activity

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

Social interaction based on games and play. Ludic activities and sport share at least two elements: uncertain outcomes and sanctioned displays. The uncertain outcomes provide suspense and...

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motor learning

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

1 The acquisition of skills or skilled movements as a result of practice. Motor learning involves a set of internal processes associated with practice or experience leading to...

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outdoor recreation

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

Leisure activities, such as hill-walking, which take place in the open air, usually in the natural environment, and are more obviously recreative than competitive outer ear. See pinna.

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quota system

Overview page. Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine — Sport and Leisure.

Restriction of the number of a particular group in a team. for example, in English cricket, each county team is allowed to have only a limited number of overseas players. The quota system...

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sport for all

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

Slogan used in Britain that encourages physical performance opportunities for all members of the community, where emphasis is on participation more than performance standards.

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World Anti-Doping Agency

Overview page. Subjects: Sport and Leisure — Sports and Exercise Medicine.

(WADA)

An independent foundation established in November 1999 through an initiative led by the International Olympic Committee to support and promote the fundamental values of fair...

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