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Prehistoric Art x Architecture x Art of the Middle East and North Africa x clear all

Abu Ghurab

Jaromir Malek.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 470 words.

Site of the ancient Egyptian sun temple of King Neuserre (reg c. 2416–c. 2392 bc), on the western bank of the Nile north-west of Abusir, almost opposite the southernmost...

Abu Simbel

R. G. Morkot.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1359 words.

Site in Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile in Lower Nubia, 280 km south of Aswan. With the construction of the Aswan Dam in the early 1960s, the temple complex was one of a number of...

Abydos

John Baines.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1958 words.

[anc. Egyp. Abdjw]

Egyptian site, c. 50 km south of Sohag, and necropolis of the ancient city of This (perhaps modern Girga), which was briefly the capital of the newly united...

Amenhotpe, son of Hapu

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 408 words.

(b Athribis, nr Benha, c. 1440 bc; d c. 1350 bc).

Ancient Egyptian architect and patron. Amenhotpe rose to prominence in his home town during the reign of...

Amenophis III

Ian M. E. Shaw.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 947 words.

[Nebmaatre]

(reg c. 1391–c. 1353 bc). Egyptian ruler and patron. He reigned in the late 18th Dynasty (c. 1540–c. 1292 bc), a time of great national peace and...

Ammenemes III

Claude Vandersleyen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 419 words.

[Amenemhet III; Nymaatre]

Egyptian ruler. Both architecture and sculpture have survived from his reign in the 12th Dynasty (for chronological chart of Egyptian kings see Egypt,...

Bubastis

Charles C. Van Siclen III.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 565 words.

[Egyp. Per-Bastet; now Tell Basta, nr Zaqāzīq, Egypt]. Site in the eastern Nile Delta 77 km north-east of Cairo. It flourished c. 2575 bcc. ad 300. The ancient city of Basta...

Dendara

John Baines.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1067 words.

[anc. Egyp. Iunet; Gr. Tentyris.]

Egyptian site on the west bank of the Nile c. 65 km north of Luxor. It was an important provincial centre throughout Egyptian history; its...

Faiyum

R. J. Leprohon and T. G. Wilfong.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1807 words.

Egyptian semi-oasis region c. 80 km south-west of Cairo on the Bahr Yusuf, an ancient channel of the Nile (see fig.). In the north-west is Lake Qarun, a remnant of the ancient Lake...

Heliopolis

Nabil Swelim.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 325 words.

[anc. Egyp. Iunu; Bibl. On; now Tell Hisn]. Site near Cairo, Egypt. It was the capital of the 13th Lower Egyptian nome (administrative province) and a cult centre of the sun-god in its...

Horemheb

Alain-Pierre Zivie.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 710 words.

[Djeserkheprure]

(reg c. 1319–c. 1292 bc). Ancient Egyptian ruler and patron of the post-Amarna period. The reign of Horemheb was rich and fascinating in terms of...

Imhotep

Nabil Swelim.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 424 words.

(fl c. 2600 bc).

Egyptian official and architect. Imhotep, who bore the title ‘Greatest of Seers in Heliopolis’ and served under the kings Djoser (reg cnull...

Philistine

T. Dothan.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1901 words.

[Peleset]

Name given to the inhabitants of the south coast of Palestine in the late 2nd millennium bc and the early 1st. Philistine art and architecture offer a syncretistic blend...

Serabit el-Khadim

Raphael Ventura.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 434 words.

[Arab. Sarabīṭ al-Khādim]

Site of an Egyptian rock-cut sanctuary on a turquoise-bearing desert plateau in the south-western Sinai Peninsula. The evidence of Egyptian activity...

Sesostris III

Claude Vandersleyen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 544 words.

[Khakaure; Senusret III]

Egyptian ruler of the 12th Dynasty. The brick pyramid of Sesostris III (for chronological chart of Egyptian kings see Egypt, ancient, fig.) at Dahshur...

Sethos I

C. A. Keller.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Renaissance Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 781 words.

(reg c. 1290–c. 1279 bc). Egyptian ruler and patron, second ruler of the 19th Dynasty. The inclusion in his own titulary of the expression wehem–meswt (Egyp.:...

Thebes

William J. Murnane, Jean Lauffray, C. E. Loeben, Lanny Bell, Jadwiga Lipinska, C. A. Keller and Nigel Strudwick.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 10518 words.

[anc. Egyp. Waset; now al-Uqṣur, Luxor]

Site in Upper Egypt that flourished from c. 2100 bc until the end of the Dynastic period (c. 30 bc). Thebes was a favoured royal...

Tuthmosis III

Peter F. Dorman.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Architecture; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 802 words.

[Menkheperre]

(reg c. 1479–c. 1426 bc). Ancient Egyptian ruler and patron of the 18th Dynasty. The long reign of Tuthmosis III can be viewed as both a...

Umm Dabaghiya

Robert C. Henrickson.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 359 words.

[Umm Dabaghiyah]

Prehistoric site in the Jazira in northern Iraq, c. 100 km south-west of Mosul. Umm Dabaghiya was a specialized settlement and trading post that flourished c....

Uruk

Joan Oates.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Architecture; Egyptian and Ancient Near Eastern Art; Prehistoric Art; Art of the Middle East and North Africa. 1375 words.

[Bibl. Erech; Class. Orchoë; now Warka]

Site in southern Iraq of an important Sumerian city, once situated on a branch of the Euphrates, continuously occupied from the 5th...