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Anyang

Robert W. Bagley.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 1237 words.

[An-yang]

Chinese city in Henan Province, near the site of the last capital of the Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, occupied c.1300– c. 1050 bc. The site is sometimes called Yinxu,...

Banpo

Mary S. Lawton.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 501 words.

[Pan-p’o]

Site of a Neolithic village 10 km east of Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China, from which is derived the name of the early phase (c. 4800–c. 4300 bc) of the Neolithic...

Banshan

Julia M. White.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 268 words.

[Pan-shan]

Site in the Tao River valley near Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China. First excavated in 1924 by the Swedish archaeologist johan gunnar Andersson (1874–1960), it...

Baoji

Li Liu.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 579 words.

[Pao-chi]

Chinese city in Shaanxi Province, where several important sites from the Neolithic to Eastern Zhou periods (c. 6500–256 bc) have been discovered. A Neolithic village...

Chikamori

J. Edward Kidder jr.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 386 words.

Japanese site in Shinbohon-machi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture. It flourished during the Jōmon period (c. 10,000–c. 300 bc). It is a wooden circle site and served as the centre of a vast...

Dawenkou

Christopher Fung.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 500 words.

[Ta-wen-k’ou]

Chinese Neolithic site in Taian, Shandong Province. It gives its name to a Neolithic culture that stretched across Shandong, western Henan, northern Anhui and...

Daxi

Christopher Fung.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 336 words.

[Ta-his]

Chinese Neolithic culture of the middle Yangzi River basin, dating from c. 4400 bc to c. 3300 bc; it is named after the type-site at Daxi Wushan, Sichuan Province. Other...

Erlitou

Susanne Juhl.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 584 words.

[Erh-li-t’ou.]

Early Bronze Age Chinese culture (first half of the 2nd millennium bc) distributed throughout Henan Province and surrounding areas, named after the village of...

Fu Hao

Anthony Barbieri-Low.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 767 words.

(d c. 1200 bc).

Chinese consort to Wu Ding, the fourth Shang king to rule from the last capital of the dynasty, at a site near modern Anyang in Henan Province. The...

Hemudu

Robert E. Murowchick.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 349 words.

[Ho-mu-tu]

Site of a Neolithic village in Yuyao County, Zhejiang Province, China. It was excavated in 1973–4 and 1977–8. Of the four cultural layers identified, the upper two...

Hongshan

Bent L. Pedersen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2002 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 621 words.

Chinese Neolithic culture covering the area of Liaoning Province, the western part of Inner Mongolia and northeast Hebei Province with the main distribution in western Liaoning between...

Jōmon period

Bonnie Abiko.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 752 words.

Period in Japanese archaeological and cultural chronology (see Japan §I 2.). The term Jōmon means ‘cord-mark design’ and was first applied by Morse, Edward Sylvester in 1879 to a...

Liangzhu

Robert E. Murowchick.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 554 words.

[Liang-chu]

Chinese late Neolithic culture of the area of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu Province and northern Zhejiang Province. The type site is near Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province....

Longshan

Bent L. Pedersen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 784 words.

[Lung-Shan]

Chinese Neolithic culture (c. 2500–c. 2000 bc), named after the type site at Longshan, Chengziyai, Zhangqiu County, in Shandong Province. The site was excavated in...

Machang

Bent L. Pedersen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 324 words.

[Ma-ch’ang]

Neolithic site east of Ledu in eastern Qinghai Province, China. Excavated in 1921–3 by the Swedish archaeologist Johan Gunnar Andersson (1874–1960), it is the type...

Majiayao

Bent L. Pedersen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 765 words.

[Ma-chia-yao]

Neolithic site in Lintao County, Gansu Province, China. Excavated in 1921–3 by the Swedish archaeologist Johan Gunnar Andersson (1874–1960), it is the type site of...

Miaodigou

Bent L. Pedersen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 405 words.

[Miao-ti-kou]

Phase of the Chinese Neolithic Yangshao culture named after Miaodigou village, Shan xian, Henan Province, where the first find was made. Two distinct cultures...

Ningxiang

Bent Nielsen.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Metalwork; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 580 words.

[Ning-hsiang]

County in Hunan Province, China, west of the city of Changsha. Several remarkable bronze vessels and bells of the late Shang Anyang phase (c. 1300–c. 1050 bc; seenull...

Ōmori shell-mound

J. Edward Kidder jr.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 357 words.

Japanese shell-midden in Ōmori, Ota and Shinagawa Wards, Tokyo, dating from the Late Jōmon period (c. 2500–c. 1000 bc). It was excavated by the American conchologist Edward Sylvester Morse...

Ōyu stone circles

J. Edward Kidder jr.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology; Prehistoric Art; East Asian Art. 424 words.

Site on a terrace along the River Ōyu near the Ōyu hot spring, Rokkaku City, Akita Prefecture, Japan. The largest of the stone circle sites in northern Japan, the Ōyu site has been known...