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A ‘Democratic Turn’ at the Ashmolean Museum

Susan Walker.

in Classics in the Modern World

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy; Classical Literature. 4259 words.

The redevelopment of the Ashmolean Museum in the University of Oxford, UK, opened in 2009, has vastly increased the numbers and social range of the museum’s visitors. In this chapter the...

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The Academy

Harold Tarrant.

in Classics

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 12664 words.

The term “Academy,” even in the context of the ancient world, could mean a number of different things. The most general meaning applies to the gymnasium of Hecademus at Athens (originally...

The Acropolis of Athens

Nancy Klein.

in Classics

P ublished online June 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 16245 words.

The Acropolis (Akropolis) of Athens has played an important role in the history of the city from prehistory to the present day. It is both a physical location, standing on a rocky outcrop...

The Acropolis of Athens

Nancy Klein.

in Classics

P ublished online June 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 16245 words.

The Acropolis (Akropolis) of Athens has played an important role in the history of the city from prehistory to the present day. It is both a physical location, standing on a rocky outcrop...

Aeschines (2) Socraticus

Michael Gagarin.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 166 words.

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Aeschylus

Isabelle Torrance.

in Classics

P ublished online December 2009 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 12619 words.

Aeschylus (also spelled Aischylos or Aiskhylos) was born c. 525/4 bce to an aristocratic family in Eleusis, a town in western Attica, part of the territory controlled by Athens. He was one...

Aeschylus’s Oresteia

Robin Mitchell-Boyask.

in Classics

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 8232 words.

The Oresteia, the pinnacle, and likely the final production, of Aeschylus’s long career in Athens, was produced at the City Dionysia of 458 bce, where it won the first prize. The Oresteian...

The Afterlife of De beneficiis up to the Renaissance

Miriam T. Griffin.

in Seneca on Society

March 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 2346 words.

This chapter sketches the early history of the reception of De beneficiis. Unlike Seneca's other works, De clementia and the Epistulae morales in particular, De beneficiis is a...

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Afterword

S. Sara Monoson.

in Classics in the Modern World

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy; Classical Literature. 2662 words.

The Afterword reviews the theoretical and archive-building contributions of this collection as a whole and argues that we can find a visual allegory of the intellectual processes of...

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Against the ‘Democratic Turn’

Lorna Hardwick.

in Classics in the Modern World

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy; Classical Literature. 7926 words.

This chapter aims to raise some awkward issues and to provoke debate by looking critically at some of the assumptions underlying claims that there has been a ‘democratic turn’. It starts by...

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Agriculture in the Classical World

Carlo Scardino.

in Classics

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 9050 words.

In pre-industrial societies, agriculture was one of the most significant economic factors. Not only was agriculture essential for providing the population with food, but it also played an...

Alcibiades

Brian Warren.

in Classics

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 28923 words.

Alcibiades began his political career in Athens in the 420s bce, and became an important politician and general during the Peloponnesian War. His story survives in a rich record of...

Alcinous (2)

John Dillon.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 222 words.

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Alexander of Aphrodisias

Silvia Fazzo and Luca Gili.

in Classics

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 18210 words.

The Greek Aristotelian commentator par excellence, Alexander of Aphrodisias (fl. c 200 ce) shaped the reception and fortuna of Aristotle’s corpus for centuries to come, summing up centuries...

Alexander the Great

Joseph Roisman.

in Classics

P ublished online April 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 27840 words.

It has been said about Alexander the Great (b. 356–d. 323 bce) that his name marked the end of an old world epoch and the beginning of a new one. Alexander’s empire that stretched from the...

All Mod Cons? Power, Openness, and Text in the Digital Turn

Elton Barker.

in Classics in the Modern World

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Classical Philosophy; Classical Literature. 7550 words.

This chapter uses three contemporary classics-based projects to think through issues relating to power, openness, and the text in the digital medium, which have relevance for this book’s...

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Ammianus Marcellinus

Gavin Kelly.

in Classics

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 12866 words.

Ammianus Marcellinus (b. c. 330—d. after 390) was a native Greek speaker who served in the Roman army and in about 390 completed the Res gestae, a Latin history in thirty-one books from...

Ammianus Marcellinus

Gavin Kelly.

in Classics

P ublished online May 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 12860 words.

Ammianus Marcellinus (b. c. 330—d. after 390) was a native Greek speaker who served in the Roman army and in about 390 completed the Res gestae, a Latin history in thirty-one books from...

Anaxagoras

Patricia Curd.

in Classics

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 10392 words.

The Presocratic philosopher Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (in Ionia, now western Turkey) was active in the mid-5th century bce. He was probably the first of the early Greek philosophers to live...

Ancient Commentators on Aristotle

John Sellars.

in Classics

P ublished online June 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Classical Art and Architecture; Classical History; Classical Literature; Classical Philosophy. 8072 words.

In the 1st century bce, the previously unknown lecture notes that we now know as Aristotle’s works were rediscovered, and from then until the end of antiquity they received close attention...