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Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author

Andrew Thrush.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; World History; Travel and Holiday; Literary Studies (Travel Literature); US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1264 words.

Butler [Boteler], Nathaniel (b. 1577, d. in or after 1643), colonial governor and maritime author, was the elder son of the second marriage of John Butler (d. 1614) of the Toft, in...

Byrd, William

Paul David Nelson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1347 words.

Byrd, William (1652–04 December 1704), Virginia colonial officer and planter, was born in London, England, the son of John Bird, a goldsmith, and Grace Stegge. Because his father was a...

Cabell, William

Richard P. Gildrie.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 936 words.

Cabell, William (13 March 1730–23 March 1798), revolutionary political figure, antifederalist, and tobacco planter, was born in the James River valley, north of Richmond, Virginia, the son...

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles

Ronald Hoffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Banking; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction. 2110 words.

Carroll of Carrollton, Charles (19 September 1737–14 November 1832), planter, businessman, investor, and the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence, as well as the...

Carter, Robert

Emory G. Evans.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1089 words.

Carter, Robert (1663–04 August 1732), merchant-planter and public official, was born in Lancaster County, Virginia, the son of John Carter, a wealthy merchant-planter and attorney, and...

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official

Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 751 words.

Codrington, Christopher (1639/40–1698), planter and colonial official, was born in Barbados, the son of Christopher Codrington (d. 1656), a planter and land speculator in Barbados, and...

Colden, Cadwallader, II

Steven C. Bullock.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1133 words.

Colden, Cadwallader, II (26 May 1722–18 February 1797), farmer, public official, and Loyalist, was born in New York City, the son of Cadwallader Colden, a physician, scientist, and colonial...

Dummer, William

Jonathan M. Chu.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Agriculture and Farming; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1182 words.

Dummer, William (1677–10 October 1761), politician, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts, and farmer, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Jeremiah Dummer, a silversmith, and Anna...

Fendall, Josias

David W. Jordan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1033 words.

Fendall, Josias (1620?–14 May 1688), planter and fourth proprietary governor of Maryland, immigrated to the colony by 1655, when he was described as a gentleman and a militia officer....

Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent

David Killingray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online May 2007 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1110 words.

Ferguson, George Ekem (1864–1897), surveyor and colonial agent, was born on 14 July 1864 at Anomabu, in the British west African colony of the Gold Coast, the surviving twin son of Robert...

Gibbs, Sir Humphrey Vicary (1902–1990), farmer and colonial administrator

Donal Lowry.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1509 words.

Gibbs, Sir Humphrey Vicary (1902–1990), farmer and colonial administrator, was born on 22 November 1902 at 9 Portman Square, London, the third son and sixth and youngest child of Herbert...

Girouard, Sir (Édouard) Percy Cranwill (1867–1932), railway engineer and colonial governor

John Flint.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Mechanical Engineering and Materials; Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1366 words.

Girouard, Sir (Édouard) Percy Cranwill (1867–1932), railway engineer and colonial governor, was born on 26 January 1867 in Montreal, the son of Désiré Girouard (1836–1911) and his second...

Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant

Gordon Goodwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Transport Technology and Trades; Transport; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; World History; Travel and Holiday. 1011 words.

Goldsborough, Sir John (d. 1693), mariner and East India Company servant, is of obscure antecedents. A branch of the Goldsborough family was domiciled at Hadleigh near Ipswich in the...

Habersham, James

W. Calvin Smith.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1097 words.

Habersham, James ( June 1715?–28 August 1775), planter-merchant in colonial Georgia, royal councilor, and acting governor, was born in Beverly, Yorkshire, England, the son of James...

Harrison, Benjamin

Norman K. Risjord.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1271 words.

Harrison, Benjamin (1726?–24 April 1791), Virginia planter, legislator, governor, and signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born at the family seat, “Berkeley,” Charles City...

Heathcote, Caleb

Eugene R. Sheridan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Religion; Agriculture and Farming. 1091 words.

Heathcote, Caleb (06 March 1666–01 March 1721), merchant, manor lord, and Anglican activist, was born in Derbyshire, England, the son of Gilbert Heathcote, a trader in hides and iron who...

Izard, Ralph

Joyce E. Chaplin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1148 words.

Izard, Ralph (23 January 1742–30 May 1804), planter and politician, was born near Charleston, South Carolina, the son of Henry Izard, a planter, and Margaret Johnson. His great-grandfather...

Jenifer, Daniel of St. Thomas

Ronald Hoffman.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 1476 words.

Jenifer, Daniel of St. Thomas (1723–16 November 1790), planter, merchant, and political leader of the American revolutionary era, was born in Charles County, Maryland, the son of Daniel...

Jones, Allen

Max R. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming. 745 words.

Jones, Allen (24 December 1739–14 November 1807), planter, revolutionary patriot, and Federalist, was born in Surry County, Virginia, the son of Robert “Robin” Jones, a planter, and Sarah...

Laurens, Henry

C. James Taylor.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Agriculture and Farming; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2209 words.

Laurens, Henry (24 February 1724–08 December 1792), planter-merchant and revolutionary war statesman, was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the son of John Laurens, a saddler, and Esther...