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Adams, John

William Pencak.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government; Diplomatic History; International Relations. 5896 words.

Adams, John (19 October 1735–04 July 1826), second president of the United States, diplomat, and political theorist, was born in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts, the son of John Adams...

Adams, Samuel

Pauline Maier.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 5039 words.

Adams, Samuel (27 September 1722–02 October 1803), revolutionary politician, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and Massachusetts governor, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the...

Baldwin, John Brown

Daniel W. Crofts.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; State and Local Government. 1293 words.

Baldwin, John Brown (11 January 1820–30 September 1873), Virginia legislator and Confederate congressman, was born near Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia, the son of Briscoe G. Baldwin, a...

Bartlett, Josiah

Frank C. Mevers.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Medicine and Health; State and Local Government. 1060 words.

Bartlett, Josiah (21 November 1729–19 May 1795), physician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born in Amesbury, Massachusetts, the son of Stephen Bartlett, a shoemaker, and...

Bedford, Gunning

Gaspare J. Saladino.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 1268 words.

Bedford, Gunning (07 April 1742–30 September 1797), officeholder, was born in New Castle Hundred, New Castle County, Delaware, the son of William Bedford, a sadler and landowner, and...

Brown, Albert Gallatin

William L. Barney.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; State and Local Government. 1126 words.

Brown, Albert Gallatin (31 May 1813–12 June 1880), U.S. and Confederate congressman, was born in Chester District, South Carolina, the son of Joseph Brown. (His mother’s identity is...

Brownson, Nathan

Edward J. Cashin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Medicine and Health; State and Local Government. 699 words.

Brownson, Nathan (14 May 1742–18 October 1796), physician and politician, was born in Woodbury, Connecticut, the son of Timothy Brownson and Abigail Jenner. He graduated from Yale College...

Clark, William

Jerome O. Steffen.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Native American History; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1656 words.

Clark, William (01 August 1770–01 September 1838), explorer, Indian agent, and governor of Missouri Territory, was born in Caroline County, Virginia, the son of John Clark III, a planter,...

Few, William

Robert E. Wright.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Banking; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; State and Local Government. 1558 words.

Few, William (08 June 1748–16 July 1828), lawyer, politician, and banker, was born near Baltimore, Maryland, the son of William Few, a failed tobacco planter turned frontier farmer, and...

Gerry, Elbridge

George Athan Billias.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 2026 words.

Gerry, Elbridge (17 July 1744–23 November 1814), statesman, was born in Marblehead, Massachusetts, the son of Thomas Gerry, a merchant, and Elizabeth Greenleaf. His father was a British...

Gilmer, John Adams

Max R. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; State and Local Government. 1351 words.

Gilmer, John Adams (04 November 1805–14 May 1868), state senator and U.S. and Confederate congressman, was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, the son of Robert Gilmer, a farmer and...

Graham, William Alexander

Max R. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; State and Local Government. 1450 words.

Graham, William Alexander (05 September 1804–11 August 1875), governor of North Carolina, secretary of the navy, and U.S. and Confederate senator, was born in Lincoln County, North...

Hall, Lyman

James Harvey Young.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 775 words.

Hall, Lyman (12 April 1724–19 October 1790), member of the Continental Congress and governor of Georgia, was born in Wallingford, Connecticut, the son of John Hall, a Congregational...

Hancock, John

William M. Fowler.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 2126 words.

Hancock, John (12 January 1737–08 October 1793), merchant and politician, was born in Braintree (present-day Quincy), Massachusetts, the son of John Hancock, a Harvard graduate and...

Houstoun, John

Harvey H. Jackson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Military History; Land Forces and Warfare. 879 words.

Houstoun, John (1750?–20 July 1796), lawyer, soldier, and politician, was born in St. George’s Parish, Georgia, the son of Sir Patrick Houstoun, a baronet, registrar of grants and receiver...

Howley, Richard

R. F. Saunders.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government; Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice. 1025 words.

Howley, Richard (1740–30 December 1784), lawyer and governor, was born near Savannah, Georgia; his parents are unknown. Few records of his early life survive, but he apparently studied law...

Huntington, Samuel

Gilbert M. Cuthbertson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 1124 words.

Huntington, Samuel (03 July 1731–05 January 1796), signer of the Declaration of Independence, president of the Continental Congress, and governor of Connecticut, was born in Scotland...

Johnson, Herschel Vespasian

Kenneth H. Williams.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; Civil War and Reconstruction US History; State and Local Government. 1310 words.

Johnson, Herschel Vespasian (18 September 1812–16 August 1880), Georgia governor, U.S. and Confederate senator, and vice presidential candidate, was born in Burke County, Georgia, the son...

Johnson, Thomas

Maeva Marcus.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism; State and Local Government. 1220 words.

Johnson, Thomas (04 November 1732–26 October 1819), politician and jurist, was born on his parents’ farm in Calvert County, Maryland, the son of Thomas Johnson and Dorcas Sedgwick. Educated...

LeFlore, Greenwood

Yasuhide Kawashima.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Native American History; World History; US Politics; State and Local Government. 1517 words.

LeFlore, Greenwood (03 June 1800–31 August 1865), chief of the Choctaws, planter, and member of the Mississippi legislature, was born near the present site of the old state capitol in...