Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 438 items for:

History x Archaeology x clear all

Refine by type

Refine by product

 

Adam Usk

Chris Given-Wilson.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 4611 words.

The chronicler Adam Usk was born in the parish of Usk in South Wales around 1350 and died there in early 1430, but the life he led was far from parochial, involving intrigue, betrayal,...

adze

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — Maritime History.

[Ar]

A woodworking tool which has its working edge perpendicular to the long axis of the haft. It therefore contrasts with an axe, the working edge of which is parallel with the...

See overview in Oxford Index

Ælfric

Joyce Hill.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online August 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 13617 words.

The homilist Ælfric (c. 950–1010), monk, masspriest, and abbot of Eynsham, is the most significant vernacular prose writer from Anglo-Saxon England by virtue of the quantity and quality of...

Aelred of Rievaulx

Marsha L. Dutton.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online April 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 13028 words.

The most prominent of the Cistercian abbots of 12th-century England, Aelred of Rievaulx (b. 1110–d. 1167), also spelled Ailred or Æthelred, was a popular preacher and a prolific writer,...

Agricola

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — British History.

[Na]

Gnaeus Julius Agricola was governor of Britain between ad 78 and ad 84. Thanks to the biography by his son‐in‐law Tacitus, we know a good deal about his life. He was born in...

See overview in Oxford Index

aisled hall

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History.

[MC]

A timber structure in which the weight of the roof is borne on rows of internal posts which divide the interior into a ‘nave’ and flanking ‘aisles’. The regular plan for north...

See overview in Oxford Index

Alboin

Overview page. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500) — Archaeology.

[Na]

King of the Lombards, succeeding his father c.ad 565. With Avar assistance he destroyed the Gepids and withdrew into Italy with his people, where he overthrew the new...

See overview in Oxford Index

Alcuin of York

Valerie L. Garver.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 10095 words.

Alcuin of York (b. c. 735/740–d. 804) ranks among the most influential scholars of the early Middle Ages. His works ranged a relatively wide gamut from theology to political thought,...

Aldhelm of Malmesbury

Rosalind C. Love.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 6475 words.

Aldhelm, abbot of Malmesbury (Wiltshire) and then bishop of Sherborne from about 705, was described by Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History (written some twenty-five years after Aldhelm’s...

Alfred the Great

Paul E. Szarmach.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 8879 words.

The only English monarch to earn the epithet “Great” and who was esteemed highly by the later Victorians who considered him something of a philosopher-king, Alfred (b. 849–d. 899;...

Allectus

Overview page. Subjects: British History — Archaeology.

[Na]

Roman finance minister to the usurper Carausius and his murderer in ad 293. Allectus was defeated and deposed by Constantius Chlorus, in ad 296.

See overview in Oxford Index

Anglo-Norman Realm

Emily Zack Tabuteau.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online May 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 21643 words.

The Anglo-Norman world was created by the union of Normandy and England in 1066, when William, duke of Normandy conquered the kingdom of England. Its beginning date is therefore obvious,...

Anglo-Saxon Art

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 11305 words.

Anglo-Saxon art is the art of England between roughly the years 600 and 1100, although dates will vary depending on individual focus. Some scholars prefer to see “Anglo-Saxon” art as...

Anglo-Saxon Art

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2010 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 11305 words.

Anglo-Saxon art is the art of England between roughly the years 600 and 1100, although dates will vary depending on individual focus. Some scholars prefer to see “Anglo-Saxon” art as...

Anglo-Saxon Manuscript Illumination

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 14175 words.

“Anglo-Saxon manuscript illumination” refers to those manuscripts produced in the area that is now England, or by Anglo-Saxon scribes and illuminators working elsewhere, between the period...

Anglo-Saxon Manuscript Illumination

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 14175 words.

“Anglo-Saxon manuscript illumination” refers to those manuscripts produced in the area that is now England, or by Anglo-Saxon scribes and illuminators working elsewhere, between the period...

Anglo-Saxon Metalwork

Elizabeth Coatsworth.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 16656 words.

Interest in the design and structure of objects of metalwork of the pre-Conquest period can already be seen in the pioneering work of Brian Faussett between 1769 and 1773, exemplified in...

Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 8575 words.

The Anglo-Saxon period in English history covers roughly the years 600 to 1100. Stone sculpture is one of the most important and most original forms of Anglo-Saxon art and thus holds a...

Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture

Catherine E. Karkov.

in Medieval Studies

P ublished online June 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500); Literary Studies (Early and Medieval); Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy; Byzantine and Medieval Art (500 CE to 1400); Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Archaeology. 8575 words.

The Anglo-Saxon period in English history covers roughly the years 600 to 1100. Stone sculpture is one of the most important and most original forms of Anglo-Saxon art and thus holds a...

Antonine Wall

Overview page. Subjects: Archaeology — History.

A defensive fortification running across the narrowest part of southern Scotland between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde, built c.140 ad, in the reign of the Roman emperor Antonin...

See overview in Oxford Index