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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer

Charles W. J. Withers.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Earth Sciences and Geography; Cartography; World History. 1491 words.

Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to...

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver

R. C. D. Baldwin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Education; Prints and Printmaking. 719 words.

Adams, Clement (c. 1519–1587), schoolmaster and map engraver, was born at Buckington, Warwickshire. He was educated at Eton between 1530 and 1536, and subsequently at the King's Hall,...

Adams, Dudley (1762–1830)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 3 words.

See Adams family

Adams family (per. 1734–1817), makers of scientific instruments and globes

John R. Millburn.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Science and Mathematics; Instruments and Instrumentation Engineering. 1900 words.

Adams family (per. 1734–1817), makers of scientific instruments and globes, came to prominence through George Adams senior (bap. 1709, d. 1772), who was baptized on 17 April 1709 in the...

Adams, Harriet Chalmers

Tamar Y. Rothenberg.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online October 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Journalism; Education. 1374 words.

Adams, Harriet Chalmers (22 October 1875–17 July 1937), explorer, lecturer, and writer, was born Harriet Chalmers in Stockton, California. Her father, Alexander Chalmers, Canadian via...

Adams, John (b. before 1670, d. 1738), cartographer

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History. 510 words.

Adams, John (b. before 1670, d. 1738), cartographer, came originally from Shropshire. He attended Shrewsbury School, and later lived at Tanfield Court, Inner Temple, London, where he was a...

Ainslie, John (1745–1828), cartographer and land surveyor

Ian Adams.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Architecture; World History; Geodesy and Surveying for Maps and Charts; Civil Engineering, Surveying, and Building; Cartography. 744 words.

Ainslie, John (1745–1828), cartographer and land surveyor, was born on 22 April 1745 in Jedburgh, the younger son and younger child of John Ainslie, druggist in Jedburgh, writer to the...

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe

Robert L. Gale.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Education. 1463 words.

Akeley, Mary Leonore Jobe (29 January 1878–19 July 1966), explorer, author, and educator, was born near Tappan, Ohio, the daughter of Richard Watson Jobe and Sarah Jane Pittis, farmers....

Alarcón, Hernando de

Samuel Willard Crompton.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making. 876 words.

Alarcón, Hernando de (fl. 1540–1541), Spanish explorer, , is believed to have been born in Trujillo, Spain. The names of his parents and the circumstances and year of his birth are all...

Allison, Thomas (bap. 1647, d. in or before 1706), Arctic explorer

H. G. R. King.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making. 825 words.

Allison, Thomas (bap. 1647, d. in or before 1706), Arctic explorer, was baptized on 6 June 1647 in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, the son of Roger Allison and his wife, Elizabeth. He became a...

Álvarez de Pineda, Alonso

Robert S. Weddle.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making. 1195 words.

Álvarez de Pineda, Alonso (?–1520), ship captain and explorer, is presumed to have been born in Spain, although neither his place of birth nor the names of his parents are known. In the...

Ambler, James Markham Marshall

Christopher J. Huggard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Surgery; Military History. 1209 words.

Ambler, James Markham Marshall (30 December 1848–30 October 1881), naval surgeon and explorer, was born in Markham, Virginia, the son of Richard Cary Ambler, a physician, and Susan...

Andrews, Roy Chapman

Jan S. Ballard.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; Zoology and Animal Sciences. 1379 words.

Andrews, Roy Chapman (26 January 1884–11 March 1960), explorer and zoologist, was born in Beloit, Wisconsin, the son of Charles Ezra Andrews, a wholesale druggist, and Cora May Chapman. As...

Anza, Juan Bautista de

Michael Mathes.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Land Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 890 words.

Anza, Juan Bautista de (07 July 1736–19 December 1788), military commander, explorer, and governor, was born in the presidio of Fronteras, Sonora, Mexico, the son of Juan Bautista de Anza,...

Argall, Sir Samuel

J. Frederick Fausz.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: World History; Maps and Map-making; US Politics; US Colonial and Revolutionary History; Colonialism and Imperialism. 1153 words.

Argall, Sir Samuel (1580–24 January 1626), English explorer and colonial leader in early Virginia, was baptized at East Sutton, Kent, England, on 4 December 1580, the son of Richard Argall,...

Arrowsmith, Aaron, the elder (1750–1823), cartographer and map publisher

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Publishing. 870 words.

Arrowsmith, Aaron, the elder (1750–1823), cartographer and map publisher, was born on 14 July 1750 at Winston, co. Durham, the son of John and Mary Arrowsmith. His father died when Aaron...

Arrowsmith, John (1790–1873), cartographer and map publisher

Elizabeth Baigent.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Publishing. 579 words.

Arrowsmith, John (1790–1873), cartographer and map publisher, was born on 23 April 1790 on a farm in Winston, co. Durham, the son of Thomas Arrowsmith of an old-established family. With...

Arrowsmith, Samuel (1805–1839)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Publishing. 5 words.

See Arrowsmith, Aaron, the elder

Arrowsmith the younger, Aaron (1802–1854)

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Cartography; World History; Publishing. 5 words.

See Arrowsmith, Aaron, the elder

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica

Adrienne Reynolds.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Military History; Medicine and Health; Naval Forces and Warfare; World History; Maps and Map-making. 580 words.

Atkinson, Edward Leicester (1881–1929), naval medical officer and explorer in Antarctica, was born on 23 November 1881 at Sion Hill, St Vincent, Windward Islands, West Indies, the third of...