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Communist Party USA, 1919 to 1957

James R. Barrett.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online January 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Political History; Labour History. 6643 words.

The largest and most important revolutionary socialist organization in US history, the Communist Party USA was always a minority influence. It reached considerable size and influence,...

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Dockworkers in America

Peter Cole.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online August 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political History; Labour History. 9721 words.

The history of dockworkers in America is as fascinating and important as it is unfamiliar. Those who worked along the shore loading and unloading ships played an invaluable role in an...

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Haymarket Riot and Conspiracy

Timothy Messer-Kruse.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; Political History; Labour History. 7567 words.

The Haymarket Riot and Conspiracy of 1886 is a landmark in American social and political history. On May 4, 1886, during an open-air meeting near Haymarket Square in Chicago, someone threw...

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Labor and the Catholic Church

Steve Rosswurm.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Political History; Labour History; History of Religion. 14341 words.

The US Catholic Church was for most of its history—and, in many places, still is—a working-class church. The choice for worship by successive waves of immigrants, from the Irish to the...

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McCarthyism and the Second Red Scare

Landon R. Y. Storrs.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; US Cultural History; Labour History. 9883 words.

The second Red Scare refers to the fear of communism that permeated American politics, culture, and society from the late 1940s through the 1950s, during the opening phases of the Cold War...

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Organized Labor and the Civil Rights Movement

Alan Draper.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online December 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; Labour History; African American History. 8572 words.

The relationship between organized labor and the civil rights movement proceeded along two tracks. At work, the two groups were adversaries, as civil rights groups criticized employment...

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The Populist Party, Industrial Workers, and Their Unions

Michael Pierce.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online July 2019 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; Political History; Labour History. 8633 words.

The People’s (or Populist) Party represented the last major third-party effort to prevent the emergence of large-scale corporate capitalism in the United States. Founded in 1891, the party...

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Progressives and Progressivism in an Era of Reform

Maureen A. Flanagan.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1870-1900; US History 1900 - 1945; Political History; US Cultural History; Urban History; Labour History. 10751 words.

The decades from the 1890s into the 1920s produced reform movements in the United States that resulted in significant changes to the country’s social, political, cultural, and economic...

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Public Authorities

Gail Radford.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online November 2015 .

Article. Subjects: US History since 1945; Political History; Urban History; Labour History. 12582 words.

Public authorities are agencies created by governments to engage directly in the economy for public purposes. They differ from standard agencies in that they operate outside the...

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Public Sector Unionism

Joseph E. Hower.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Political History; Urban History; Labour History. 8884 words.

Government employees are an essential part of the early-21st-century labor movement in the United States. Teachers, firefighters, and police officers are among the most heavily unionized...

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The Socialist Party of America, 1900–1929

Elizabeth McKillen.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: US History 1900 - 1945; Political History; Labour History. 9744 words.

One of the pervasive myths about the United States is that it has never had a socialist movement comparable to other industrialized nations. Yet in the early 20th century a vibrant...

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