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History of the Americas x Arts and Humanities x Environmental History x clear all

The Alphabetic Colonization of Amerindian Oral Ecologies in Early Brazil

Diogo de Carvalho Cabral.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online June 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Environmental History. 14740 words.

Although it has received less scholarly attention than firearms, microbes, domestic animals and plants, market economy, and statecraft, alphabetic reading and writing was crucial in the...

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Animals in Latin American History

Germán Vergara.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online May 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 8435 words.

The evolutionary history of vertebrate nonhuman animals such as mammals in what is now Latin America extends back tens of millions of years. Given that anatomically modern humans first...

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Brazilian Wildlife: History, Threats, and Opportunities

José Luiz de Andrade Franco and José Augusto Drummond.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online April 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 13343 words.

The rich variety of the tropical ecosystems and wildlife native to the current territory of Brazil has captured the attention of several groups of observers since the early 1800s. Wildlife...

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Digital Resources: The Hijuelas Collection

Matthew Butler and David A. Bliss.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Public History; Environmental History. 8141 words.

The Hijuelas project is a multi-domain international collaboration that makes available in digital form a large and valuable source on nineteenth-century indigenous history––the so-called l...

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Disease, Ecology, and the Environment in Colonial Mexico

Bradley Skopyk and Elinor G. K. Melville.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Environmental History; History of Science and Technology. 12885 words.

The onset of Spanish imperial rule in Mexico in 1521 had profound consequences well beyond the political and cultural spheres. It also altered Mexico’s environment, reconstituting the...

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Drought and the Origins of the Mexican Revolution

Mikael D. Wolfe.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History; Revolutions and Rebellions. 7572 words.

What role did drought play in the outbreak of the Mexican Revolution of 1910? Although historians of the Mexican Revolution acknowledge that the effects of drought helped catalyze it, they...

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Environmental Conflict and Exploitation in the Coastal Areas of Chile

Pablo Camus.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online June 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 10405 words.

Small fishermen have lost their ability to make use of the maritime and coastal environments at the same time that the Chilean state has facilitated the introduction of capital and the...

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The Environmental Crisis in Latin America

Guillermo Castro H..

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 9397 words.

An environmental crisis is neither the result of a single factor nor of a combination of such. On the contrary, it results from a complex combination of modes of interaction between natural...

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Environmental History of Coffee in Latin America

Stuart McCook.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 11477 words.

Coffee has played complex and diverse roles in shaping livelihoods and landscapes in Latin America. This tropical understory tree has been profitably cultivated on large estates, on peasant...

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Guano, Intensive Agriculture, and Environmental Change in Latin America and the Caribbean

Gregory T. Cushman.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History; History of Science and Technology. 18925 words.

Agrarian societies in Latin America and the Caribbean have accomplished some of the most important and influential innovations in agricultural knowledge and practice in world history—both...

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The History and Science of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean

Sherry Johnson.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online September 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Caribbean History; Latin American History; Environmental History. 10182 words.

The Caribbean’s most emblematic weather symbol is the hurricane, a large rotating storm that can bring destructive winds, coastal and inland flooding, and torrential rain. A hurricane...

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The History and Visual Culture of Mexico City’s Xochimilco Potable Water System during the Porfiriato

Jeffrey M. Banister and Stacie G. Widdifield.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online June 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Social and Cultural History; Environmental History. 12233 words.

Historians have extensively explored the topic of water control in Mexico City. From the relationship between political power and hydraulics to detailed studies of drainage and other...

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Humboldt in Mexico, 1803–1804

Myron Echenberg.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Environmental History; Intellectual History. 7202 words.

During his breathtaking 19th-century scientific explorations of New Spain (as Mexico was known under Spanish rule), illustrious German scientific traveler Alexander von Humboldt crammed a...

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Livestock, Livelihood, and Agrarian Change in Andean Peru

Javier Puente.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online February 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 11845 words.

Agrarian transformations in Andean Peru, subject to larger sociopolitical and economic processes, entailed major material, environmental, and biological changes. The long history of sheep...

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Mercury and Silver Mining in the Colonial Atlantic

Kendall Brown.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Early Modern History (1500 to 1700); Environmental History; Colonialism and Imperialism; Labour History. 9045 words.

From the time that Columbus arrived in the Caribbean until Spain surrendered power over its mainland American colonies in the early 19th century, Spanish and Portuguese colonial mines...

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Mountain and Forest Communities and Their Changing Landscapes in 19th-Century Mexico

Alejandro Tortolero Villaseñor.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online March 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Modern History (1700 to 1945); Environmental History. 16150 words.

For several years, some of Mexico’s most influential literary figures associated mountains with the presence of certain characteristics: wildlife, botanic variety, and most importantly,...

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National Parks in Colombia

Claudia Leal.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online March 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Contemporary History (Post 1945); Environmental History. 9347 words.

The history of Colombian national parks started in 1948 with the establishment of a reserve for scientific research, which stood alone until the 1960s, when various state agencies created a...

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Nature Conservation and Protection in Mexico

Emily Wakild.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online July 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 9814 words.

Conservation, in broad terms, has been a dynamic and nuanced practice throughout Mexican history. Nature conservation and protection include individual practices such as planting trees to...

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Oil and Environment in Mexico

Myrna Santiago.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online August 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History; International History; History of Science and Technology; Labour History. 10612 words.

Before there was Mexico, there was oil. Millennia of organic matter that collapsed and liquefied into fossil fuel rested deep underground and underwater along the half-moon territorial...

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Oil in the Andes

Stephen Cote.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Latin American History; Environmental History. 7459 words.

All of the Andean nations possess oil. Each has a unique historical relationship with petroleum, but there are also similarities between the histories of oil production in Bolivia, Ecuador,...

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