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Ancient Near Eastern City-States

Steven J. Garfinkle.

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

February 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Middle Eastern Languages; Greek and Roman Law; Classical History. 12171 words.

This chapter examines the history of the formation of city-states in the Fertile Crescent. It provides a working definition of city-state in both spatial and social terms, and describes the...

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Classical and Near Eastern Slavery in the First Millennium bce

David M. Lewis.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Slaveries

P ublished online December 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Ancient Greek History; Ancient Roman History; Classical History; Middle Eastern Languages. 8180 words.

Twentieth-century scholarship, guided in particular by the views of M. I. Finley, saw Greece and Rome as the only true ‘slave societies’ of antiquity: slavery in the Near East was of minor...

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Greek and Roman Slaving in Comparative Ancient Perspective

Catherine Hezser.

in The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Slaveries

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Classical History; Middle Eastern Languages; Egyptology. 8489 words.

Graeco-Roman slavery can be properly understood only when compared with slave practices in other ancient societies. This chapter shows that in ancient Israel, Egypt, and Babylonia slavery...

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Iranian Empires

Josef Wiesehöfer.

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

February 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Middle Eastern Languages; Greek and Roman Law; Classical History. 16383 words.

This chapter explores the history of the formation of the Iranian Empires, identifying the major phases in state formation, which include the Achaemenid Empire, Iran in Hellenistic times,...

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Jewish States

Seth Schwartz.

in The Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

February 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Middle Eastern Languages; Greek and Roman Law; Classical History. 8441 words.

This chapter examines the history of the formation of Jewish states, discussing the geography and phenomenology of the Jewish states, and the relation between ethnos and state. It...

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Roman Warfare with Sasanian Persia

A. D. Lee.

in The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World

January 2013; p ublished online January 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Classical Studies; Middle Eastern Languages; Ancient Roman History. 8291 words.

This chapter explains the warfare between the Roman Empire and Sasanian Persia, specifically presenting an historical review of Roman–Persian warfare. The Roman Empire presented many new...

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Sabelli

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter.

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

P ublished online December 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Ancient Roman History. 204 words.

Sabelli is not synonymous with *Sabini. It is the Roman name for speakers of *Oscan. They called themselves Safineis and their chief official *meddix. They expanded from their original...

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