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You are looking at 1-20 of 293 items for:

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Acceptability Judgments

Jon Sprouse.

in Linguistics

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10522 words.

Acceptability judgments form a substantial portion of the empirical foundation of nearly every area of linguistics (e.g., phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics) and nearly every type...

Acoustic Phonetics

Allard Jongman.

in Linguistics

P ublished online March 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 7913 words.

Acoustic phonetics is the study of the acoustic characteristics of speech, including an analysis and description of speech in terms of its physical properties, such as frequency, intensity,...

Acquisition of Language

Eve V. Clark.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 11974 words.

First language acquisition—the study of how children acquire their first language(s)––is the branch of psycholinguistics that deals with the process of acquisition. This field is variously...

Adpositions

Alan Libert.

in Linguistics

P ublished online April 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 13743 words.

Adposition is the name of a part of speech or word class. Although it may not be a familiar term to those outside of linguistics, the name of one of its subsets is: preposition. The latter...

Affixation

Stela Manova.

in Linguistics

P ublished online March 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 13855 words.

Affixation is a morphological process whereby a bound morpheme, an affix, is attached to a morphological base. Diachronically, the English word affix was first used as a verb and has its...

African Linguistics

Jouni Filip Maho.

in Linguistics

P ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 9752 words.

African languages appear in the written records already from Ancient Egyptian times, though then only a single language (or group of languages), that is, Ancient Egyptian. Dedicated...

Afroasiatic Languages

Bonny Sands.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 12547 words.

Afroasiatic languages are found across North Africa and throughout much of East Africa and the Middle East. Afroasiatic is generally considered to be composed of the language families...

Afterword

David Crystal.

in The Oxford Handbook of Endangered Languages

September 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sociolinguistics; Anthropological Linguistics. 4935 words.

This afterword looks back over the articles in the book, using a developmental metaphor to identify the stage that endangerment linguistics seems to have reached. Pure and applied aspects...

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Agreement

Omer Preminger.

in Linguistics

P ublished online August 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 11698 words.

Agreement is a phenomenon in natural language in which the form of one word or morpheme covaries with the form of another word or phrase in the sentence. For example, in the English...

Algonquian Linguistics

Conor McDonough Quinn.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 6742 words.

The traditional and post-European contact range of the Algonquian languages covers an enormous area: roughly centered along most of the Canadian-US border, extending down the Atlantic...

Altaic Languages

George Starostin.

in Linguistics

P ublished online February 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 11187 words.

The term “Altaic” is commonly applied by linguists to a number of language families, spread across Central Asia and the Far East, that share a significant number of structural and morphemic...

Anaphora

Eric Reuland, Martin Everaert and Anna Volkova.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 8824 words.

Anaphora can be generally defined as “subsequent reference to an entity already introduced in discourse” (Safir 2004a; see Representing Anaphoric Dependencies). The study of anaphora spans...

Animal Communication

Mark Krause.

in Linguistics

P ublished online March 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 5434 words.

Animal communication is a thriving area of study, with contributions from the fields of biology, ecology, animal behavior, animal cognition, ethology, and comparative psychology. The...

Anything Can Happen

Nicholas Evans.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Fieldwork

November 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics. 10797 words.

The centrality of language in human life means we cannot document any language without understanding all the spheres of knowledge it is used to talk about. Equally, undocumented languages...

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Aphasia

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10977 words.

Aphasia is a language disorder acquired subsequent to brain damage that affects production and understanding of spoken and written language in varying degrees and patterns associated with...

Aphasia

Susan Edwards and Christos Salis.

in Linguistics

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10977 words.

Aphasia is a language disorder acquired subsequent to brain damage that affects production and understanding of spoken and written language in varying degrees and patterns associated with...

Applicatives

David A. Peterson.

in Linguistics

P ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 6094 words.

Applicative constructions (henceforth, “applicatives”) allow languages to express what otherwise would be expressed as an oblique participant as a core object participant. For instance, in...

Approaches to and Strategies for Language Revitalization

Leanne Hinton.

in The Oxford Handbook of Endangered Languages

September 2018; p ublished online August 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Sociolinguistics; Anthropological Linguistics. 10355 words.

There are many paths language revitalization can take, but they are not mutually exclusive. A central aspect of language revitalization is the creation of new speakers. One path is for...

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Arawak Languages

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald.

in Linguistics

P ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 10274 words.

The Arawak family is the largest in South America, with about forty extant languages. Arawak languages are spoken in lowland Amazonia and beyond, covering French Guiana, Suriname, Guiana,...

Argument Structure

Beth Levin.

in Linguistics

P ublished online May 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Anthropological Linguistics; Language Families; Psycholinguistics; Sociolinguistics. 20040 words.

The term “argument structure” is used to refer to the lexical representation of argument-taking lexical items—typically verbs, but also nouns (especially nominalizations), adjectives, and...