Oxford Index Browse

You are looking at 1-20 of 63 items for:

Linguistics x Linguistic Typology x clear all

Arabic Intonation

Dina El Zarka.

P ublished online February 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Phonetics and Phonology; Linguistic Typology. 13100 words.

This overview of intonation in Arabic compares the intonational systems of selected Arabic dialects from Morocco in the West to Kuwait in the East. The formal comparison will mainly be...

Go to »  abstract

Asymmetry in Case Marking

Oliver A. Iggesen.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 4100 words.

Many languages with nominal case inflection apply the same distinctions of case forms evenly across their entire nominal lexicon. Hence, all conceivable subclasses of nominals must...

Go to »  abstract

Case and the Typology of Transitivity

Seppo Kittilä.

in The Oxford Handbook of Case

November 2008; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 3247 words.

Canonical transitive events involve a volitional and controlling agent and a thoroughly affected patient. Any deviation from this prototype may result in a change in the coding of the...

Go to »  abstract

Case-Marking Typology

Beatrice Primus.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 7236 words.

Case is a category of marking dependent noun phrases for the type of relationship they bear to their heads. The three phenomena that are clearly determined by case functions in many...

Go to »  abstract

Categories and Prototypes

Johan Van Der Auwera and Volker Gast.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 9026 words.

This article first addresses some historical remarks on the notion of the categories in philosophy and in linguistics. The differences between prototype theory and the classical model of...

Go to »  abstract

Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Typology

Johan Van Der Auwera and Jan Nuyts.

in The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics

June 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 7880 words.

This article examines the relations between cognitive linguistics and linguistic typology. First, it offers a “neutral” characterization of the field of linguistic typology, defined as a...

Go to »  abstract

Comparative, Historical, and Typological Linguistics since the Eighteenth Century

Kurt R. Jankowsky.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics

March 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 9541 words.

Francis Bacon’s (1561–1626) demand for scientific language investigation, supplemented by Gottfried Leibniz’s (1646–1716) endorsement of natural scientific methodology, provided the...

Go to »  abstract

Competing Motivations

John Haiman.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 7339 words.

This article first addresses the drive for non-referential symmetry in Cambodian, and comparable decorative frills in other languages. The evidence within Cambodian favours the ‘whole...

Go to »  abstract

Degrees of grammaticalization across languages

Béatrice Lamiroy and Walter De Mulder.

in The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization

October 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 5584 words.

This article analyses the variation in degrees of grammaticalisation across languages. It proposes the hypothesis that an essential property of grammaticalisation also applies within a...

Go to »  abstract

Distributional Typology

Balthasar Bickel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

February 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology; Linguistic Typology. 10831 words.

Over the past two decades, linguistic typology has been moving increasingly away from its original goal of classifying languages into ideal types that would be constrained by categorical...

Go to »  abstract

The drift of English toward invariable word order from a typological and Germanic perspective

John A. Hawkins.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

November 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 4672 words.

This article looks at Edward Sapir’s notion of ‘drift’ in the history of the English language and examines drifts from the perspective of John A. Hawkins’ Performance-Grammar Correspondence...

Go to »  abstract

Explaining Language Universals

Edith A. Moravcsik.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 7696 words.

This article examines the roles of language universals; but first, a few words on what is meant by ‘language universal’ and by ‘explanation’ are given. It starts by addressing how language...

Go to »  abstract

Formal Generative Typology

Mark C. Baker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

December 2009; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 12171 words.

This chapter describes an approach to linguistic research called Formal Generative Typology (FGT). FGT is a pragmatic and somewhat eclectic approach that is built on the idea of combining a...

Go to »  abstract

Formal Generative Typology

Mark C. Baker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis

February 2015; p ublished online July 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 11571 words.

This chapter lays out an approach that combines a formal-generative perspective on language, including tolerance of abstract analyses, with a typological focus on comparing unrelated...

Go to »  abstract

Grammatical Relations Typology

Balthasar Bickel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Grammar, Syntax and Morphology. 16985 words.

This article outlines the typological variables that define or condition specific grammatical relations (GRs). It specifically discusses the relational roles and the referential properties...

Go to »  abstract

Grammaticalization and linguistic typology

Walter Bisang.

in The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization

October 2011; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 4440 words.

This article considers grammaticalisation in relation to linguistic typology and presents topological studies of grammaticalisation. It addresses the question of how grammaticalisation is...

Go to »  abstract

Implicational Hierarchies

Greville G. Corbett.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 5121 words.

This article provides a discussion on implicational hierarchies. It presents the examples of typological hierarchies and considers in turn syntactic, morphosyntactic, and lexical...

Go to »  abstract

Language Sampling

Dik Bakker.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology. 12481 words.

This article explores the different sampling strategies and sample sizes. It also explains the types of bias that threaten the reliability of a language sample in the face of specific...

Go to »  abstract

Language Universals and Linguistic Knowledge

Sonia Cristofaro.

in The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Typology

November 2010; p ublished online September 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Cognitive Linguistics. 10366 words.

This article describes the different stances on language universals. A number of arguments are offered supporting the view that typological universals as such should not be regarded as part...

Go to »  abstract

Lexical typology and typological changes in the English lexicon

Alexander Haselow.

in The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

November 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Linguistics; Linguistic Typology; Historical and Diachronic Linguistics. 4061 words.

Whereas the typological change of the English language from syntheticity towards analyticity has been described almost exclusively for the inflectional domain, little attention has been...

Go to »  abstract