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Abel Gance

Paul Cuff.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 7562 words.

Although Abel Gance (1889–1981) is now recognized as a major figure of early cinema, he often struggled to find acceptance of his work in established canons of taste. As Jean Epstein wrote...

Acting

Cynthia Baron.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 11973 words.

Perceptions about screen acting have been remarkably polarized: when people give priority to the now-mythical experiment by Soviet filmmaker Lev Kuleshov that is supposed to have shown that...

Action Cinema

James Kendrick.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 8400 words.

A hybrid genre that fuses the moral landscape of the western and the urban settings of film noir and police procedurals, the action film as we know it today is a relatively new genre,...

Adams, Douglas Noël (1952–2001), writer

Nick Webb.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2009; p ublished online January 2005 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Television; Radio; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers); Literature. 3087 words.

Adams, Douglas Noël (1952–2001), writer, was born on 11 March 1952 at the maternity hospital in Cambridge, the son of Christopher Douglas Adams (d. 1985) and his wife, Janet Dora Sydney, néenull...

Adaptation

Thomas Leitch and Kyle Meikle.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 14944 words.

Studies of cinematic adaptations—films based, as the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences puts it, on material originally presented in another medium—are scarcely a century...

Advertising and Promotion

Matthew P. McAllister and Alexandra Nutter Smith.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online December 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 9902 words.

Advertising is unique in its status as both a major textual genre and a revenue source for media systems. As a textual genre, it is arguably the most dominant in our culture: for every hour...

African American Cinema

Arthur Knight.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2016 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 25664 words.

The category “African American Cinema” presents important conceptual challenges for scholars, critics, and moviegoers. Before laying out those challenges, though, it is important to note...

African American Stars

Robin R. Means Coleman, Kitior Ngu and Timeka N. Tounsel.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online January 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 15276 words.

African American “stars” describes conspicuously public individuals of great social, artistic, and/or political presence, if not competence. These stars have garnered significant media...

African Cinema

Frank Ukadike.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online November 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 4322 words.

The term “African cinema” generally refers to film production in Sub-Saharan African countries. Compared to the other national cinemas in the world, African cinema can be said to be a...

Agnès Varda

Sarah Cooper.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 5875 words.

Agnès Varda (b. 1928, Ixelles, Belgium) is without doubt the most significant woman director in the history of French cinema. Known affectionately as the mother and then grandmother of the...

Alain Resnais

Maria Flood.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 7635 words.

Alain Resnais (b. 1922–d. 2014), born in Vannes, France, is one of the great cinematic innovators of the 20th and 21st centuries. In a career that spanned nearly seventy years and included...

Alexanderson, Ernst Fredrik Werner

George H. Douglas.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Electrical Engineering; Radio; Television. 1146 words.

Alexanderson, Ernst Fredrik Werner (25 January 1878–14 May 1975), engineer and radio and television pioneer, was born in Uppsala, Sweden, the son of Aron Martin Alexanderson, a professor,...

Alfred Hitchcock

Sidney Gottlieb.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 15399 words.

Alfred Hitchcock (b. 1899–d. 1980) is unquestionably one of the most well-known and important filmmakers to date. His career spanned the silent and sound eras, and although he was known...

Alphaville

Debra Benita Shaw.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online June 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 3187 words.

Alphaville is Jean-Luc Godard’s only science fiction film. The film was made during his Nouvelle Vague (New Wave) period, and therefore before the more overtly political filmmaking of his...

American Cinema, 1895-1915

Charlie Keil.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2011 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 8659 words.

The study of early American cinema was both the beneficiary and the instigator of a wave of revisionist historiography that gained momentum from the mid-1970s onward. While previous...

American Cinema, 1939-1975

Sarah Kozloff.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 10572 words.

From 1939, when World War II started in Europe, to 1975, when the mega-success of the blockbuster Jaws put an end to what we might call the American “New Wave,” the US film industry...

American Cinema, 1976 to Present

Derek Nystrom.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online April 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 13673 words.

American cinema has undergone a series of profound transitions since 1976. In many histories of American film, 1976 marks the end of one New Hollywood—the so-called “Hollywood Renaissance”...

American Cinema, 1976 to Present

Derek Nystrom.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online April 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 13673 words.

American cinema has undergone a series of profound transitions since 1976. In many histories of American film, 1976 marks the end of one New Hollywood—the so-called “Hollywood Renaissance”...

American Independent Cinema

David Sterritt.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online October 2013 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 10022 words.

American independent cinema, often called “indie cinema,” has no clear historical starting point and no single definition. Most broadly, the term refers to films made outside the Hollywood...

American Independent Cinema, Producers

Yannis Tzioumakis.

in Cinema and Media Studies

P ublished online September 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Media Studies; Film; Radio; Television. 17489 words.

The concept of independence in American cinema has been widely debated as a great variety of film production arrangements, including ones associated with the major Hollywood studios’...