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Ambient music

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 12 words.

Broadway (New York theatre district)

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Music Theatre; Musical Form; Contemporary Music. 50 words.

Commercial name for the New York theater district. Few of the theaters are actually on Broadway, but many are in the Times Square area. The “Broadway” designation as a term, according to...

Chiptunes

Anne Beetem Acker.

in Oxford Music Online

December 2014; p ublished online May 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Music; Contemporary Music. 310 words.

[chip music]

Term related to music made by the eight-bit soundchips in 1980s and early 1990s gaming systems and microcomputers, as well as music composed using modified...

Circus Music

Charles Conrad.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online November 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 1104 words.

The first American circus was presented in Philadelphia by English equestrian master John Bill Ricketts. The Philadelphia Federal Evening Post dated May 15, 1793 is the first known...

Cunningham, Merce

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Form; Contemporary Music. 23 words.

Disco

David Brackett.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 1281 words.

A form of dance music that dominated popular music during the late-1970s. It features regular bass drum accents on every beat, frequent use of orchestral instruments and synthesizers,...

Funk

David Brackett.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 1243 words.

An African-American popular music style. It features syncopated interlocking rhythm patterns based on straight quaver and semiquaver subdivisions, a vocal style drawn from soul music,...

Gilbert and Sullivan

Ian Bradley.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online September 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music Theatre; Musical Form; Music; Romantic Music; Contemporary Music. 633 words.

English comic-opera collaborators. The impact of the comic operas of the librettist W.S. Gilbert (1836–1911) and the composer Arthur Sullivan (1842–1900) in the United States was...

Jazz

Mark Tucker and Travis A. Jackson.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Jazz; Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 25833 words.

The term conveys different though related meanings: 1) a musical tradition rooted in performing conventions that were introduced and developed early in the 20th century by African...

J-Pop

Noriko Manabe.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online May 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 448 words.

A form of popular music that has been dominant in Japan and features catchy melodies with Japanese lyrics sung over Western-pop accompaniments. The term was coined by foreign-owned...

Loveless, Wendell Phillips

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Form; Music and Religion; Contemporary Music. 27 words.

New thing

Charles Garrett.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Jazz; Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 16 words.

Old-time music

Paul F. Wells.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Contemporary Music. 261 words.

A loosely defined term that is applied variously to older (i.e. pre–World War II) forms of country music, to a variety of traditional fiddling styles, and to modern performers who draw...

Outsider music

John Cline.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online May 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Popular Music; Contemporary Music. 598 words.

A term coined by the radio DJ and author Irwin Chusid in 1996 to describe a loosely related set of recordings that do not fit well within any pre-existing generic framework. The art...

Pageant

Beth E. Levy.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online May 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Contemporary Music. 654 words.

Although the term “pageant” has a substantial history in reference to European liturgical drama and postwar beauty contests, the dramatic form known as the pageant held special...

Parlor music

Susan Key.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online May 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Romantic Music; Contemporary Music. 1841 words.

Parlor music generally refers to music composed for domestic use from c1820 to World War I, consisting primarily of songs for voice and piano but also including compositions for solo...

Polynesian entertainment

Christopher Balme.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Dance and Music; Musical Form; Folk, Indigenous, and Traditional Music; Contemporary Music. 451 words.

The dances and music of the Polynesian peoples have had varying impact on the United States over the last one and half centuries. Of greatest importance are Hawaiian music and dance,...

Pops concert

Susan Feder.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online May 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Music; Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Musical Form; Contemporary Music; Romantic Music. 566 words.

[Pop, Promenade]

Orchestral programs modeled after European promenade concerts of the 19th century, in which light classical music was played while the audience was served...

Postbop

Keith Waters.

in Oxford Music Online

November 2013; p ublished online January 2015 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Structures, Styles, and Techniques; Jazz; Musical Form; Contemporary Music. 468 words.

Term that loosely refers to a body of music that emerged in the late 1950s and 60s that combined principles of bop, hard bop, modal jazz, and free jazz. Much of this music maintained...

Sonata form

James Webster.

in Oxford Music Online

January 2001; p ublished online January 2001 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Musical Form; Music of the Classical Period; Romantic Music; Contemporary Music. 12738 words.

The most important principle of musical form, or formal type, from the Classical period well into the 20th century. This form is that of a single movement, not a ‘sonata’ as a whole; such a...