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You are looking at 1-20 of 95 items for:

Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art x 20th-Century Art x clear all

Abstract art

Anna Moszynska.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; Art Techniques and Principles; 20th-Century Art. 10078 words.

Term applied in its strictest sense to forms of 20th-century Western art that reject representation and have no starting- or finishing-point in nature. As distinct from processes of...

Abstract Expressionism

David Anfam.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 5200 words.

Term applied to a movement in American painting that flourished in the 1940s and 1950s, sometimes referred to as the New York School or, very narrowly, as Action painting, although it...

Abstraction

Nelson Goodman.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 896 words.

Term used in an art context in several ways: in general for processes of imagemaking in which only some of the visual elements usually ascribed to ‘the natural world’ are extracted (i.e....

Abstraction-Création

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; Sculpture and Carving; 20th-Century Art. 774 words.

International group of painters and sculptors, founded in Paris in February 1931 and active until 1936. It succeeded another short-lived group, Cercle et Carré, which had been formed in...

Arnheim, Rudolf

Anneke E. Wijnbeek.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 406 words.

(b Berlin, July 15, 1904; d Ann Arbor, MI, June 9, 2007)

American psychologist and writer of German birth. He studied with Gestalt psychologists at the University of Berlin in...

Art brut

Roger Cardinal.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 1074 words.

[Fr.: ‘raw art’]. Term used from the mid-1940s to designate a type of art outside the fine art tradition. The commonest English-language equivalent for art brut is ‘Outsider art’. In...

Bachelard, Gaston

Roger Cardinal.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; 20th-Century Art. 328 words.

(b Bar-sur-Aube, June 27, 1884; d Paris, Oct 16, 1962).

French philosopher . The son of a provincial shoemaker, he came late to philosophy after teaching natural science...

Barthes, Roland

Stephen Bann.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 693 words.

(b Cherbourg, Nov 12, 1915; d Paris, March 20, 1980).

French critic. His work is closely identified with the methods of Structuralism and Semiotics. By the 1970s he was one...

Bauhaus

Rainer K. Wick.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass; Professional Interior Design; Metalwork; Painting; Architecture; Sculpture and Carving; Textiles and Embroidery; Art Education; 20th-Century Art. 4422 words.

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was...

Bell, (Arthur) Clive

Frances Spalding.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 350 words.

(Heward)

(b East Shefford, Berks, Sept 16, 1881; d London, Sept 17, 1964).

English writer. He studied history at Trinity College, Cambridge (1901–2), where he came under...

Benjamin, Walter

Martin Jay.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 914 words.

(b Berlin, July 15, 1892; d Port Bou, Spain, Sept 25, 1940).

German writer. He was born into a cultivated, assimilated German Jewish family and was compelled to leave Nazi...

Berenson, Bernard

Margaret Moore Booker.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; Art of the United States; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 1317 words.

(b Butrimonys, Alytus County, Lithuania, June 26, 1865; d Settignano, Italy, Oct 6, 1959).

American art historian, critic, and connoisseur. Berenson was perhaps the single most...

Bergson, Henri

David Kinmont.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Performance Art and Dance; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 607 words.

(b Paris, Oct 18, 1859; d Paris, Jan 3, 1941).

French philosopher. The son of a Polish Jewish musician, he took his baccalauréat at the Lycée Condorcet in Paris and entered the...

Black aesthetic in America

James Smalls.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online September 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; African Art (Sub-Saharan); Art of the United States; 20th-Century Art. 1330 words.

The Black Arts Movement spans the period from the mid-1960s to the mid-1970s. Inherently and overtly political in content, it was an artistic, cultural and literary movement in America...

Bloomsbury Group

Richard Shone.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Painting; 20th-Century Art. 771 words.

Name applied to a group of friends, mainly writers and artists, who lived in or near the central London district of Bloomsbury from 1904 to the late 1930s. They were united by family ties...

Body art

Tom Williams.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online May 2010 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Fashion, Jewellery, and Body Art; Performance Art and Dance; 20th-Century Art. 1019 words.

Movement in performance art that took shape in the 1960s and 1970s in which artists use their own bodies or those of their audience as the basis for their work. Body art performances...

Breton, André

Henri Béhar.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; History of Art; 20th-Century Art. 1263 words.

(b Tinchebray, Feb 19, 1896; d Paris, Sept 28, 1966).

French writer. While still an adolescent he came under the influence of Paul Valéry and Gustave Moreau, who for a long...

Cockerell, Sir Sydney Carlyle

Michelle P. Brown.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Exhibition Catalogues and Specific Collections; 19th-Century Art; 20th-Century Art. 397 words.

(b Brighton, July 16, 1867; d Kew, May 1, 1962).

English museum curator and collector. He was the son of a coal merchant and in 1884 joined the family firm, where he remained...

Computer art

Mick Hartney and Jeffrey Martin.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Digital and New Media, Multi-Media, Sound, and Music Art; 20th-Century Art; Contemporary Art. 2061 words.

Term formerly used to describe any work of art in which a computer was used to make either the work itself or the decisions that determined its form. Computers became so widely used,...

Conceptual art

David Craven.

in Oxford Art Online

P ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage; 20th-Century Art. 2917 words.

[idea art; information art]

Term applied to work produced from the mid-1960s that either markedly de-emphasized or entirely eliminated a perceptual encounter with unique...