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Aelia Capitolina

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5336 words.

The destruction of Jerusalem in 70 c.e. at the end of the Jewish Revolt was a watershed event in the

Aging, Hellenistic and Roman Period

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 3473 words.

The demographic dynamics of the ancient world were such that overall average mortality and fertility rates were very high, in

Agriculture

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5683 words.

The term “agriculture” pertains to the cultivation of the soil in order to produce food and other useful and appreciated

Animal Husbandry

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 4492 words.

Animal exploitation was practiced by those who lived in urban centers, satellite towns, rural villages, fortified strongholds, and coastal ports.

Antioch on the Orontes

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5480 words.

In the 1930s the Antioch excavations conducted by Princeton University and other institutions produced a remarkable wealth of finds that

Arad

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 4675 words.

The mound of ancient Arad is located at the southern slope of the Judean Hills, facing the Beersheba Valley. This

Aram-Damascus

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 4528 words.

“Aram-Damascus” is a compound name used only in some biblical texts as a designation for the most important Aramean city-state

The archaeological site and caves

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls

November 2005; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 2934 words.

‘The archaeological site and graves’ examines the archaeological evidence found at the Khirbet Qumran site. Palestinian archaeology was previously dominated by the Biblical agenda, but...

Go to »  abstract

The archaeological site and caves

Timothy H. Lim.

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction

March 2017; p ublished online March 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Biblical Studies. 3246 words.

‘The archaeological site and caves’ examines the archaeological evidence found at the Khirbet Qumran site. Palestinian archaeology was previously dominated by the biblical agenda, but...

Go to »  abstract

Art, Bronze and Iron Age

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5451 words.

Objects discovered in archaeological excavations in the southern Levant (Israel/Palestine, the Holy Land) identified as “art” are discussed. The first

Art, Hellenistic and Roman Period

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5439 words.

The modern term “art” in the context of materiality describes the products of human activity in creating objects that in

Ashdod

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 3955 words.

The site of Tel Ashdod is located in the industrial zone south of the modern city of Ashdod (3.7 miles

Ashkelon

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5734 words.

Ashkelon is a 148.3 acre (60 ha) mound located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The site was founded

Bar Kokhba Caves

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 4898 words.

The Bar Kokhba Revolt (132–135/6 c.e.) was one of the most disastrous events in the history of the Jewish

Beersheba

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 5352 words.

The site of Beersheba is famous for its connection with the biblical patriarchs Abraham (Gen 21:14–33, 22:19),

Bethel

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 4328 words.

The site of ancient Bethel (Hebrew “house of [the God] El”) is identified within the modern village of Baytīn, approximately

Bethlehem

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 4327 words.

The name “Bethlehem” means “house of meat” (Arabic) or “house of bread” (Hebrew) and is possibly derived from the deities

Beth-Shean, Bronze and Iron Age

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 6048 words.

Rabbi Shimon ben Laqish said of the Garden of Eden, “If it is in Eretz Israel, then Beth-Shean is its

Beth-Shean, Roman and Byzantine Period

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 6955 words.

Settled over Tel Beth-Shean (Tel el-Husn, the “Fortress Mound”), at the southern bank of Harod Stream that bisects Beth-Shean Valley,

Beth-Shemesh

in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Archaeology

July 2013; p ublished online July 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Biblical Archaeology. 6871 words.

Beth-Shemesh is a 7 acre (2.8 ha) site located near the northeastern edge of the Shephelah on a rise just