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“A Garden Enclosed, a Fountain Sealed”

Karl Shuve.

in The Song of Songs and the Fashioning of Identity in Early Latin Christianity

March 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Biblical Studies. 13540 words.

This chapter argues for Cyprian’s importance in the history of the Song’s interpretation. It is shown that Song 4:12 and 6:8 were crucial texts in his defense of the practice of rebaptism,...

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Archaeology and the Letters of Paul

Laura Salah Nasrallah.

December 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Book. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 336 pages.

Through case studies of archaeological materials from local contexts, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul illuminates the social, political, economic, and religious lives of those whom the...

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The Armenian Version

BRUCE M. METZGER.

in The Early Versions of the New Testament

October 1977; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 11577 words.

This chapter discusses the introduction of Christianity into Armenia and the translation of the New Testament in Armenia. Armenia claims the honour of being the first kingdom to accept...

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“As a Lily among the Thorns”

Karl Shuve.

in The Song of Songs and the Fashioning of Identity in Early Latin Christianity

March 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Biblical Studies. 15074 words.

Not all North African Christians accepted Cyprian’s exegetical logic, and this chapter focuses on three figures who rejected his emphasis on ritual purity: Pacian of Barcelona, Tyconius,...

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The Birth of the Trinity

Matthew W. Bates.

March 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Book. Subjects: Early Christianity; Biblical Studies. 256 pages.

This book explores how first- and second-century Christians read the Old Testament in order to differentiate the one God as multiple persons. The earliest Christians felt they could...

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Catalogue of Latin New Testament Manuscripts

H.A.G. Houghton.

in The Latin New Testament

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 26399 words.

The Catalogue describes all manuscripts which appear in the three principal editions of the Latin New Testament: the Vetus Latina edition (VL 1–96 and other selected manuscripts), the...

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Competing Texts: The Fifth to the Seventh Centuries

H.A.G. Houghton.

in The Latin New Testament

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 10359 words.

Old Latin texts of the New Testament continued to be copied across Europe in the centuries after Jerome’s revision, from north Africa and Spain to Ireland. Earlier readings were...

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Conclusion

M. David Litwa.

in Desiring Divinity

December 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 4605 words.

relbibBiblical StudiesrelearlyEarly Christian Studies

Every man would like to be God, if it were possible; some few find it difficult to admit the impossibility.

BERTRAND...

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Conclusion

Michael C. Legaspi.

in Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 6357 words.

Classical and biblical tradition, with its distinctive pursuits of wisdom, is today culturally contested and intellectually marginal. It no longer serves as the basis for educational...

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The Coptic Versions

BRUCE M. METZGER.

in The Early Versions of the New Testament

October 1977; p ublished online September 2011 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 21685 words.

This chapter begins by discussing the introduction of Christianity into Egypt and the translation of the New Testament into Egyptian (Coptic) language. Coptic represents the last phase in...

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Cross-Shaped Conversations

Matthew W. Bates.

in The Birth of the Trinity

March 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Biblical Studies. 10757 words.

The crucifixion unpeeled a new layer of conversational depth between divine persons for the fledgling church. It also revealed new dimensions of divine suffering and atonement. The face of...

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Desiring Divinity

M. David Litwa.

December 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Book. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 256 pages.

Perhaps no declaration incites more theological and moral outrage than a human’s claim to be divine (or self-deification). Those who make this claim in ancient Jewish and Christian...

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Divine Dialogues from the Dawn of Time

Matthew W. Bates.

in The Birth of the Trinity

March 2015; p ublished online April 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Biblical Studies. 23898 words.

Early Christians believed that Old Testament prophets could slip into an alternative character (prosopon) through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. As such, the Spirit was the ultimate...

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The Early Versions of the New Testament

Bruce M. Metzger.

October 1977; p ublished online September 2011 .

Book. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 514 pages.

This book deals with the origin and transmission of all the translations of the New Testament made before about AD 1000, setting them in the historical context of the expansion of...

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Editions and Resources

H.A.G. Houghton.

in The Latin New Testament

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 14011 words.

The following editions of the Latin New Testament are described in detail: Sabatier, Bibliorum Sacrorum Versiones Italicae; the Vetus Latina edition (including the Aus der Geschichte der...

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The Eighth and Ninth Centuries

H.A.G. Houghton.

in The Latin New Testament

February 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 12072 words.

The scriptorium of Wearmouth–Jarrow was home to Bede and responsible for Codex Amiatinus, the most famous manuscript of the Vulgate. Gospel books were produced in the Insular regions of...

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An End to Wisdom

Michael C. Legaspi.

in Wisdom in Classical and Biblical Tradition

October 2018; p ublished online September 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 20520 words.

For Paul and the Gospel writers, “wisdom” is problematic. On the one hand they propound something that is clearly wisdom-like. On the other hand the New Testament writers identify the death...

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Enslaved Leadership in Early Christianity

Katherine Shaner.

May 2018; p ublished online April 2018 .

Book. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 240 pages.

Slaves were ubiquitous in the first- and second-century CE Roman Empire, and early Christian texts reflect this fact. This book argues that enslaved persons engaged in leadership roles in...

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Epilogue

Karl Shuve.

in The Song of Songs and the Fashioning of Identity in Early Latin Christianity

March 2016; p ublished online April 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Early Christianity; Biblical Studies. 5258 words.

A summary of the central claims of the book is presented, followed by a consideration of the influence of late antique interpreters on medieval readers of the Song. The focus is placed on...

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Epilogue

Laura Salah Nasrallah.

in Archaeology and the Letters of Paul

December 2018; p ublished online January 2019 .

Chapter. Subjects: Biblical Studies; Early Christianity. 3421 words.

This book has investigated not Paul but his letters, not only his letters but his letters in their place. Its focus has been the possible lives of those to whom Paul wrote: their conditions...

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