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A

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 84 words.

The symbol employed in textual criticism for a MS of the New Testament in Greek written on parchment in Egypt (

Aaron

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1319 words.

The figure of Aaron, his ancestry, and his rise to priestly prominence is treated rather tersely in the Bible. Though

Aaron

Aelred Cody.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 442 words.

A major figure in Israel's origins and the first of its high priests. In very ancient narratives, he appears

Aaron

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 257 words.

Brother of Moses and Miriam, of the tribe of Levi. Over the centuries Aaron's status in Israel's memory was

Abaddon

Steven Friesen.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 114 words.

Meaning literally, “place of destruction,” Abaddon refers to the realm of the dead in the Hebrew Bible. Occurring mainly in

Abaddon

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 41 words.

In Hebrew = destruction, and in Job 26: 6 and Prov. 27: 20 denotes the abode of the dead, also

Abba

William A. Beardslee.

in The Oxford Companion to the Bible

January 1993; p ublished online January 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 308 words.

The word for “my father” or “the father.” This Aramaic word appears three times in the New Testament, followed by

Abba

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 140 words.

An Aramaic word for ‘father’. Jesus used it in prayer in Gethsemane (Mark 14: 36), and it is

῾Abbasid Caliphate

Alastair Northedge.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 2828 words.

As the result of a revolution that culminated In 750ce in the defeat of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan

Abednego

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 35 words.

In Hebrew = servant of Nego, a corrupted form of ‘Nebo’; it was the name given by Nebuchadnezzar to Azariah

Abel

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 52 words.

In Gen. 4, the second son of Adam and Eve, whose offering to God was accepted, thereby incurring

Abel, Félix-Marie

Jerome o. p. Murphy-O'Connor.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 427 words.

of history and geography at the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem from 1905 to 1953. Abel went

Abiathar

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 75 words.

A priest in the army of King David (2 Sam. 20: 25), who later supported Adonijah's unsuccessful

Abigail

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 39 words.

Wife of Nabal; she interceded with David to save her husband's life (1 Sam. 25: 23–31). Nabal

Abijah

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 89 words.

The best-known of four OT characters of this name was the son and successor of Rehoboam. He was king

Abila

W. Harold Mare.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

November 1996; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 1543 words.

city of the Decapolis, located about 15 km (9 mi.) north-northeast of Irbid in northern Jordan. Abila has an occupational

Abilene

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 42 words.

An area NW of Damascus round Abila. Luke 3: 1 mentions that when John the Baptist the Baptist began his

Abimelech

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 86 words.

Son of Gideon (or Jerubbaal) and a concubine from Shechem. Upon the death of Gideon, Abimelech got himself

Abinadab

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 67 words.

Man at whose house on a hill in Kiriath-jearim the ark of the covenant was lodged after its return to

Abishai

W. R. F. Browning.

in A Dictionary of the Bible

May 2011; p ublished online October 2012 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies. 74 words.

A loyal soldier in David's band who had to be restrained from killing Saul when he was resting from