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Abbott, Grace

Julie Longo and Sandra F. VanBurkleo.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; US Politics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 1955 words.

Abbott, Grace (17 November 1878–19 June 1939), social worker and administrator, was born in Grand Island, Nebraska, the daughter of Othman Ali Abbott, a lawyer and politician, and Elizabeth...

Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare

Hal Moggridge.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Landscape Art and Architecture; Architecture; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1209 words.

Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897 at Hazelstubbs, Gravel Hill, Bexleyheath, the...

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman

T. A. B. Corley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 879 words.

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife,...

Amory, Cleveland

Ann T. Keene.

in American National Biography Online

P ublished online June 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets; Society and Culture; Television. 1300 words.

Amory, Cleveland (02 September 1917–14 October 1998), writer and animal rights advocate, was born in Nahant, Massachusetts, the son of Robert Amory, a textile manufacturer, and his wife,...

Amos, Henry Brown (1869–1946), campaigner against field sports

Anne Pimlott Baker.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 1040 words.

Amos, Henry Brown (1869–1946), campaigner against field sports, is a figure about whose early years nothing is known. Of Scottish descent, he gave up a career as a government official to...

Armstrong, Eliza (b. 1872), domestic servant and victim of abduction

Gavin Weightman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Law; Criminology and Criminal Justice; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1331 words.

Armstrong, Eliza (b. 1872), domestic servant and victim of abduction, was born at 9 Charles Street, Lisson Grove, in the Marylebone district of London on 18 April 1872 to Charles Armstrong,...

Arthur, Timothy Shay

Claudia Durst Johnson.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Literary Studies (Fiction, Novelists, and Prose Writers). 890 words.

Arthur, Timothy Shay (06 June 1809–06 March 1885), editor, temperance crusader, and novelist, was born in Orange County, New York, the son of William Arthur and Anna Shay, occupations...

Aukland, Jane Munday (bap. 1836, d. 1925), temperance campaigner

Lilian Lewis Shiman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 521 words.

Aukland, Jane Munday (bap. 1836, d. 1925), temperance campaigner, was born in Newington, Surrey, where she was baptized on 21 February 1836, the daughter of John Langfield, greengrocer, and...

Austin, Harriet N.

Jane B. Donegan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 986 words.

Austin, Harriet N. (1825–1891), hydropathic physician and health and dress reformer, was born in Connecticut but raised in Moravia, New York. Little is known about her parentage or early...

Badham, Molly Winifred (1914–2007), zoo proprietor and conservationist

Philip Carter.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

March 2013; p ublished online January 2011 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Performing Arts; Social and Cultural History; Conservation of the Environment (Social Science); Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 861 words.

Badham, Molly Winifred (1914–2007), zoo proprietor and conservationist, was born on 12 May 1914 at 3 Waterside, Evesham, Worcestershire, the daughter of Arthur James Badham (1889–1965),...

Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist

Kristin G. Doern.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1394 words.

Balfour, Clara Lucas [née Clara Lucas] (1808–1878), advocate of women's advancement and temperance activist, was born in the New Forest, Hampshire, on 21 December 1808. She was the only...

Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association

John Martin.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Agriculture and Farming; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1127 words.

Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William...

Balgarnie, Florence (1856–1928), feminist and temperance campaigner

Lilian Lewis Shiman.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 1151 words.

Balgarnie, Florence (1856–1928), feminist and temperance campaigner, was born at 2 Belle Vue Terrace, Scarborough, Yorkshire, on 19 August 1856, the eldest of three daughters of the Revd...

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet

Robert Harrison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 633 words.

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was...

Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes

Gillian Wagner.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates. 3387 words.

Barnardo, Thomas John (1845–1905), philanthropist and founder of Dr Barnardo's Homes, was born on 4 July 1845 at 4 Dame Street, Dublin, the fourth of five children of John Michaelis...

Bayley, Mary (b. 1816, d. in or after 1892), temperance activist and writer

Michelle Cale.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 779 words.

Bayley, Mary (b. 1816, d. in or after 1892), temperance activist and writer, was born in Market Lavington, Wiltshire. Nothing is known of her early life. Her husband, George Bayley...

Bedford, Arthur (bap. 1668, d. 1745), Church of England clergyman and moral reformer

Scott Mandelbrote.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Protestantism and Protestant Churches; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1656 words.

Bedford, Arthur (bap. 1668, d. 1745), Church of England clergyman and moral reformer, was baptized on 8 September 1668 at Tiddenham, Gloucestershire, the son of Richard Bedford, who was...

Begbie, (Edward) Harold (1871–1929), journalist, Salvationist, and political and social reformer

Catriona Pennell.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online April 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Journalism; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1700 words.

Begbie, (Edward) Harold (1871–1929), journalist, Salvationist, and political and social reformer, was born at Fornham St Martin, Suffolk, on 24 June 1871, the fifth son in a family of...

Bell, Ernest (1851–1933), publisher and animal welfare campaigner

Virginia Smith.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets; Publishing. 765 words.

Bell, Ernest (1851–1933), publisher and animal welfare campaigner, was born on 8 March 1851 at West Croft, England's Lane, Hampstead, Middlesex, the second son of the publisher George Bell...

Bentinck, Winifred Anna Cavendish- [née Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke], duchess of Portland (1863–1954), bird protectionist and philanthropist

Nicholas Hammond.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Society and Culture; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 803 words.

Bentinck, Winifred Anna Cavendish- [née Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke], duchess of Portland (1863–1954), bird protectionist and philanthropist, was born at Murthly Castle, Perthshire, on 7...