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Ethical Issues and Debates x Medicine and Health x clear all

Alcindor, John (1873–1924), general practitioner and leader of the African Progress Union

Jeffrey Green.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights; Medicine and Health. 813 words.

Alcindor, John (1873–1924), general practitioner and leader of the African Progress Union, was born on 8 or 9 July 1873 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the son of Francis Alcindor, cocoa...

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman

T. A. B. Corley.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Business and Management; Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 879 words.

Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife,...

Austin, Harriet N.

Jane B. Donegan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Labour and Demographic Economics; Ethical Issues and Debates; Gender and Politics; History of Gender and Sexuality. 986 words.

Austin, Harriet N. (1825–1891), hydropathic physician and health and dress reformer, was born in Connecticut but raised in Moravia, New York. Little is known about her parentage or early...

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet

Robert Harrison.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 633 words.

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was...

Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture

Graham Richards.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Education; Medicine and Health; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 1661 words.

Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and...

Caplin, Roxey Ann [formerly Emily Roxey Caplin] (1793–1888), corset maker, writer, and lecturer on health

Sarah Levitt.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Medicine and Health; Manufacturing; History of Manufacturing and Construction; Education. 1061 words.

Caplin, Roxey Ann [formerly Emily Roxey Caplin] (1793–1888), corset maker, writer, and lecturer on health, was born in Canada, the daughter of English settlers; Canadian Indians taught her...

Cooper, Christine Elisabeth [Tina] (1918–1986), paediatrician and expert on child abuse

Susan L. Cohen.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Paediatrics; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1254 words.

Cooper, Christine Elisabeth [Tina] (1918–1986), paediatrician and expert on child abuse, was born on 21 July 1918 at Fontana, 45 Rickmansworth Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, the eldest...

Crofton, Sir John Wenman (1912–2009), physician and public health campaigner

David Simpson.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1742 words.

Crofton, Sir John Wenman (1912–2009), physician and public health campaigner, was born on 27 March 1912 at 55 Merrion Square, Dublin, the son of William Mervyn Crofton, medical...

Ellis, (Henry) Havelock (1859–1939), writer and sexologist

J. Weeks.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Literature; Medicine and Health. 2994 words.

Ellis, (Henry) Havelock (1859–1939), writer and sexologist, was born on 2 February 1859 at 1 St John's Grove, Croydon, Surrey, the eldest child and only son of Edward Peppern Ellis...

Foote, Edward Bliss

Vincent J. Cirillo.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1322 words.

Foote, Edward Bliss (20 February 1829–05 October 1906), eclectic physician and birth-control pioneer, was born near Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Herschel Foote, a postmaster, and Pamelia...

Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician

Stephen Lock.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online January 2013 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 3221 words.

Godber, Sir George Edward (1908–2009), physician, was born on 4 August 1908 at 18 Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire, the eldest son in the family of seven children of Isaac Godber...

Guttmacher, Alan

Shari Rudavsky.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Obstetrics. 1467 words.

Guttmacher, Alan (19 May 1898–18 March 1974), physician and birth-control advocate, was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Adolf Guttmacher, a leading Reform rabbi, and Laura...

Kerr, Norman Shanks (1834–1899), physician and temperance advocate

David M. Fahey.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 883 words.

Kerr, Norman Shanks (1834–1899), physician and temperance advocate, the eldest son of Alexander Kerr, a merchant and shipowner, was born at Glasgow on 17 May 1834. He was educated at...

Lambe, William (1765–1847), physician and vegetarian

Patrick Wallis.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 666 words.

Lambe, William (1765–1847), physician and vegetarian, one of the four children of Lacon Lambe, an attorney, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of John Berington and sister of the...

Levine, Lena

Kathleen Shanahan.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Psychiatry; Gynaecology; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 918 words.

Levine, Lena (17 May 1903–09 January 1965), gynecologist, psychiatrist, and pioneer of the birth control movement, was born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Morris H. Levine, a...

Mears [née Loudon], Eleanor Cowie [Ellen Cowie] (1917–1992), medical practitioner and campaigner

Paul Vaughan.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Medicine and Health. 1218 words.

Mears [née Loudon], Eleanor Cowie [Ellen Cowie] (1917–1992), medical practitioner and campaigner, was born on 9 December 1917 at Willowbank, Cleland, Lanarkshire, the second of three...

Millais, Sir Everett, second baronet (1856–1897), dog breeder and biomedical scientist

Michael Worboys.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

P ublished online September 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Veterinary Medicine; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates; Natural world, Country Life, and Pets. 1587 words.

Millais, Sir Everett, second baronet (1856–1897), dog breeder and biomedical scientist, was born at Annat Lodge, near Bowerswell, Perthshire, on 30 May 1856, the eldest of the eight...

Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples

David Killingray.

in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

September 2004; p ublished online September 2004 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Ethical Issues and Debates; Social Justice and Human Rights. 887 words.

Moody, Harold Arundel (1882–1947), physician and founder of the League of Coloured Peoples, was born on 8 October 1882 at 8 Rum Lane, in Kingston, Jamaica, the eldest of six children of...

Morris, John McLean

Beth Martin.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Biological Sciences; Gynaecology; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 747 words.

Morris, John McLean (01 September 1914–08 April 1993), reproductive biologist and physician, was born in Kuling, China, the son of DuBois Morris, a Presbyterian missionary and pastor of...

Rock, John Charles

James W. Reed.

in American National Biography Online

January 1999; p ublished online February 2000 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health; Social and Cultural History; Ethical Issues and Debates. 1265 words.

Rock, John Charles (24 March 1890–04 December 1984), physician and advocate of planned parenthood, was born in Marlborough, Massachusetts, the son of Frank Sylvester Rock, a businessman,...