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Egyptian Archaeology x clear all

Aegypto Capta

Friederike Herklotz.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Historical Archaeology. 5746 words.

This article discusses the Ptolemaic legacy and Egyptian independence; the annexation of Egypt; and the first Roman prefects in Egypt. In contrast to earlier changes of ruler, the...

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Age and Health

Walter Scheidel.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Archaeology. 5446 words.

Roman Egypt is the only part of the ancient world where documentary evidence for the age composition of the general population has survived. Pertinent information is provided by extant...

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Alexandria

Marjorie S. Venit.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Archaeology. 6794 words.

Distinguished in the first century bce as 'the first city of the civilized world', Alexandria still wore the accolade 'crown of all cities' as late as the fourth century bce. After Egypt's...

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Ancient Egyptian Fauna

Salima Ikram.

in The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology

P ublished online June 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Egyptian Archaeology. 6398 words.

The vast range of animals found in ancient Egypt not only contributed to creating its language and religion, but they were also a mainstay of its economy, and played key roles in daily...

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Ancient Egyptian Pottery

Bettina Bader.

in The Oxford Handbook of Egyptology

P ublished online September 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Egyptian Archaeology. 10880 words.

This chapter sketches the nature of evidence to be gained from careful analysis of the ceramic remains in ancient Egypt, and the ways to achieve it, explaining some of the advances made in...

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Animals in ancient Egyptian religion

Salima Ikram.

in The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

March 2017; p ublished online April 2017 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Environmental Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology. 5628 words.

In addition to providing food, companionship, and raw materials for clothing, furniture, tools, and ornaments, animals also played a key role in religious practices in ancient Egypt. Apart...

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Archaeology in the Delta

Penelope Wilson.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 6494 words.

This article reviews archaeological studies in the Nile Delta. It discusses problems of archaeological work in the Delta; previous work in the Delta; current research and survey; survey and...

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The Archaeology of Amarna

Anna Stevens.

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: African Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology; Archaeology. 11945 words.

This essay assesses the body of archaeological research connected to the New Kingdom settlement site of Amarna (ancient Akhetaten), the short-lived capital of Egypt founded by king...

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Archaeology of Early Christianity in Egypt

Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom.

in The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Archaeology

February 2019; p ublished online January 2019 .

Article. Subjects: Biblical Archaeology; Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology. 7574 words.

This chapter discusses the evolution of scholarly interest in Christian antiquities in Egypt after 1900. The archaeology of early Christianity developed much later than the field of...

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The Archaeology of the Fayum

Paola Davoli.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology. 8665 words.

This article discusses the archaeology of the Fayum region, covering land reclamation projects; discoveries and archaeological excavations; layout of Graeco-Roman settlements; and houses of...

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The Art and Archaeology of the Giza Plateau

Laurel Flentye.

P ublished online March 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Egyptian Archaeology. 22070 words.

The pyramid complexes of kings Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom period with their surrounding cemeteries at the Giza Necropolis contribute to our...

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The Beautiful Face of Ra

Giulio Magli.

in The Oxford Handbook of Light in Archaeology

P ublished online April 2018 .

Article. Subjects: Egyptian Archaeology; Archaeology; History of Art. 7412 words.

In the famous projects of ancient Egyptian architecture, sunlight had always a special role. An expert use of light and shadows helped in creating halls filled with sacredness in many...

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Between Egypt and Meroitic Nubia

László Török.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology. 6478 words.

The First Nile Cataract, an outcrop of the granite bedrock, interrupts the course of the Nile and creates many small islands between Philae and Syene, ancient Swnw ('Trade'), modern Aswan....

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Between Water and Sand

Katherine Blouin.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Landscape Archaeology. 6716 words.

Over the past twenty years, the topic of agriculture and husbandry has been of rising interest among historians and archaeologists of the ancient Mediterranean, and notably of Roman Egypt....

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Canopics

Aidan Dodson.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Valley of the Kings

January 2016; p ublished online January 2014 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology. 5981 words.

The earliest known New Kingdom royal canopic is the chest of Hatshepsut, followed by that of Thutmose I, made for him by Thutmose III. These chests were made of quartzite, matching their...

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Choosing the Location for a Royal Tomb, the Workmen’s Techniques and Tools, Units of Measurement, KV Huts, and Workplaces

Andreas Dorn.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Valley of the Kings

January 2016; p ublished online May 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology. 4758 words.

The construction of a royal tomb was a complex enterprise. Once the vizier and other high-ranking officials had chosen a suitable location, the workmen used mallets and chisels to hew the...

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Christianity

Malcolm Choat.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology. 7567 words.

This article discusses Christianity in Egypt from its origins down to the martyrdoms under Diocletian in the early fourth century. It looks at three key areas: the establishment of the...

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City of the Dead

Katja Lembke.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; Archaeology. 6860 words.

This article begins with an overview of the history of excavations and exploration at Tuna el-Gebel. It then discusses the site of Tuna el-Gebel; the necropolis of Tuna el-Gebel before...

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Classical Architecture

Donald M. Bailey.

in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Egypt

June 2012; p ublished online November 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology of the Near East; Egyptian Archaeology; History of Art. 7219 words.

This article looks at the evidence for classical architecture in stone in the urban centres of Middle Egypt, including one new Greek city and three metropoleis. These are Antinoopolis, the...

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Collisions, Abandonments, Alterations, Tomb Commencements/Pits, and Other Features in the Valley of the Kings

Lyla Pinch-Brock.

in The Oxford Handbook of the Valley of the Kings

January 2016; p ublished online August 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Archaeology; Egyptian Archaeology. 7404 words.

This chapter deals with most of the non-tomb features such as graffiti, tomb-pits, shrines and tomb commencements, that still or once existed in the Valley of the Kings. It is an update on...

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